Journal of Formalized Mathematics
Volume 2, 1990
University of Bialystok
Copyright (c) 1990 Association of Mizar Users

### The $\sigma$-additive Measure Theory

by
Jozef Bialas

Received October 15, 1990

MML identifier: MEASURE1
[ Mizar article, MML identifier index ]

environ

vocabulary TARSKI, BOOLE, SUPINF_1, RLVECT_1, ARYTM_3, ARYTM_1, SETFAM_1,
PROB_1, SUBSET_1, FINSUB_1, FUNCT_1, SUPINF_2, RELAT_1, FUNCOP_1, CARD_4,
PROB_2, MEASURE1;
notation TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ENUMSET1, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, NUMBERS, XREAL_0,
REAL_1, RELAT_1, FINSUB_1, FUNCT_1, FUNCT_2, NAT_1, SETFAM_1, FUNCOP_1,
PROB_1, PROB_2, SUPINF_1, SUPINF_2;
constructors ENUMSET1, NAT_1, REAL_1, SUPINF_2, FUNCOP_1, FINSUB_1, PROB_2,
MEMBERED, XBOOLE_0;
clusters SUBSET_1, SUPINF_1, RELSET_1, ARYTM_3, PROB_1, MEMBERED, ZFMISC_1,
XBOOLE_0, NUMBERS, ORDINAL2;
requirements NUMERALS, REAL, SUBSET, BOOLE, ARITHM;

begin :: Some useful theorems about sets and R_eal numbers

reserve X for set;

theorem :: MEASURE1:1
for X,Y being set holds union {X,Y,{}} = union {X,Y};

canceled 2;

theorem :: MEASURE1:4
for x,y,s,t being R_eal holds
0.<=' x & 0.<=' s & x <=' y & s <=' t implies
x + s <=' y + t;

theorem :: MEASURE1:5
for x,y,z being R_eal holds
0.<=' y & 0.<=' z & x = y + z & y <' +infty implies z = x - y;

theorem :: MEASURE1:6
for A being Subset of X holds
{A} is Subset-Family of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:7
for A,B being Subset of X holds
{A,B} is Subset-Family of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:8
for A,B,C being Subset of X holds
{A,B,C} is non empty Subset-Family of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:9
{{}} is Subset-Family of X;

scheme DomsetFamEx {A() -> set,P[set]}:
ex F being non empty Subset-Family of A() st
for B being set holds B in F iff (B c= A() & P[B])
provided  ex B being set st B c= A() & P[B];

definition let X be set;
let S be non empty Subset-Family of X;
canceled;

func X\S -> Subset-Family of X means
:: MEASURE1:def 2
for A being set holds
A in it iff ex B being set st B in S & A = X \ B;
end;

definition let X be set;
let S be non empty Subset-Family of X;
cluster X\S -> non empty;
end;

canceled 4;

theorem :: MEASURE1:14
for S being non empty Subset-Family of X holds
S = X \ (X \ S);

theorem :: MEASURE1:15
for S being non empty Subset-Family of X holds
meet S = X \ union (X \ S) & union S = X \ meet (X \ S);

::
::        Field Subset of X and nonnegative measure
::

definition
let X be set;
let IT be Subset-Family of X;
redefine attr IT is compl-closed means
:: MEASURE1:def 3
for A being set holds A in IT implies X\A in IT;
end;

theorem :: MEASURE1:16
for X being set,
F being Subset-Family of X st
F is cup-closed compl-closed holds F is cap-closed;

definition let X be set;
cluster cup-closed compl-closed -> cap-closed Subset-Family of X;
cluster cap-closed compl-closed -> cup-closed Subset-Family of X;
end;

theorem :: MEASURE1:17
for S being Field_Subset of X holds S = X \ S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:18
for M being set holds
M is Field_Subset of X iff
ex S being non empty Subset-Family of X st M = S &
for A being set st A in S holds X\A in S &
for A,B being set st A in S & B in S holds A \/ B in S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:19
for S being non empty Subset-Family of X holds
S is Field_Subset of X iff
for A being set st A in S holds X\A in S &
for A,B being set st A in S & B in S holds A /\ B in S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:20
for S being Field_Subset of X holds
for A,B being set st A in S & B in S holds A \ B in S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:21
for S being Field_Subset of X holds {} in S & X in S;

definition
let S be non empty set;
let F be Function of S,ExtREAL;
let A be Element of S;
redefine func F.A -> R_eal;
end;

definition
let X be non empty set,
F be Function of X,ExtREAL;
redefine attr F is nonnegative means
:: MEASURE1:def 4
for A being Element of X holds
0. <=' F.A;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:23
for S being Field_Subset of X holds
ex M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
M is nonnegative & M.{} = 0.&
for A,B being Element of S st A misses B holds M.(A \/ B) = M.A + M.B;

definition
let X be set,
S be Field_Subset of X;
mode Measure of S -> Function of S,ExtREAL means
:: MEASURE1:def 5
it is nonnegative & it.{} = 0. &
for A,B being Element of S st A misses B holds
it.(A \/ B) = it.A + it.B;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:25
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S holds
A c= B implies M.A <=' M.B;

theorem :: MEASURE1:26
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S holds
A c= B & M.A <' +infty implies M.(B \ A) = M.B - M.A;

definition let X be set;
cluster non empty compl-closed cap-closed Subset-Family of X;
end;

definition
let X be set,
S be non empty cup-closed Subset-Family of X,
A,B be Element of S;
redefine func A \/ B -> Element of S;
end;

definition
let X be set,
S be Field_Subset of X,
A,B be Element of S;
redefine func A /\ B -> Element of S;
redefine func A \ B -> Element of S;
end;

theorem :: MEASURE1:27
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S holds
M.(A \/ B) <=' M.A + M.B;

definition
let X be set,
S be Field_Subset of X,
M be Measure of S,
A be set;
pred A is_measurable M means
:: MEASURE1:def 6
A in S;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:29
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S holds
{} is_measurable M & X is_measurable M &
for A,B being set st
A is_measurable M & B is_measurable M holds
X \ A is_measurable M & A \/ B is_measurable M & A /\ B is_measurable M;

definition
let X be set,
S be Field_Subset of X,
M be Measure of S;
mode measure_zero of M -> Element of S means
:: MEASURE1:def 7
M.it = 0.;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:31
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A being Element of S,
B being measure_zero of M st
A c= B holds A is measure_zero of M;

theorem :: MEASURE1:32
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A,B being measure_zero of M holds
A \/ B is measure_zero of M & A /\ B is measure_zero of M &
A \ B is measure_zero of M;

theorem :: MEASURE1:33
for S being Field_Subset of X,
M being Measure of S,
A being Element of S,
B being measure_zero of M holds
M.(A \/ B) = M.A & M.(A /\ B) = 0.& M.(A \ B) = M.A;

::
::       sigma_Field Subset of X and sigma_additive nonnegative measure
::

theorem :: MEASURE1:34
for A being Subset of X
ex F being Function of NAT,bool X st rng F = {A};

theorem :: MEASURE1:35
for A being set
ex F being Function of NAT,{A} st
for n being Nat holds F.n = A;

definition let X be set;
cluster non empty countable Subset-Family of X;
end;

definition let X be set;
mode N_Sub_set_fam of X is non empty countable Subset-Family of X;
end;

canceled 2;

theorem :: MEASURE1:38
for A,B,C being Subset of X
ex F being Function of NAT,bool X st rng F = {A,B,C} &
F.0 = A & F.1 = B & for n being Nat st 1 < n holds F.n = C;

theorem :: MEASURE1:39
for A,B being Subset of X holds
{A,B,{}} is N_Sub_set_fam of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:40
for A,B being Subset of X
ex F being Function of NAT,bool X st rng F = {A,B} &
F.0 = A & for n being Nat st 0 < n holds F.n = B;

theorem :: MEASURE1:41
for A,B being Subset of X holds
{A,B} is N_Sub_set_fam of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:42
for S being N_Sub_set_fam of X holds
X \ S is N_Sub_set_fam of X;

definition
let X be set;
let IT be Subset-Family of X;
canceled;

attr IT is sigma_Field_Subset-like means
:: MEASURE1:def 9
for M being N_Sub_set_fam of X st M c= IT holds union M in IT;
end;

definition let X be set;
cluster non empty compl-closed sigma_Field_Subset-like Subset-Family of X;
end;

definition let X be set;
mode sigma_Field_Subset of X is
compl-closed sigma_Field_Subset-like (non empty Subset-Family of X);
end;

canceled 2;

theorem :: MEASURE1:45
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X holds {} in S & X in S;

definition let X be set;
cluster -> non empty sigma_Field_Subset of X;
end;

theorem :: MEASURE1:46
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
A,B being set st A in S & B in S holds A \/ B in S & A /\ B in S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:47
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
A,B being set st A in S & B in S holds A \ B in S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:48
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X holds S = X \ S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:49
for S being non empty Subset-Family of X holds
((for A being set holds A in S implies X\A in S) &
(for M being N_Sub_set_fam of X st M c= S holds meet M in S)) iff
S is sigma_Field_Subset of X;

definition
let X be set;
let S be sigma_Field_Subset of X;
cluster disjoint_valued Function of NAT, S;
end;

definition
let X be set;
let S be sigma_Field_Subset of X;
mode Sep_Sequence of S is disjoint_valued Function of NAT, S;
end;

definition
let X be set;
let S be sigma_Field_Subset of X;
let F be Function of NAT,S;
redefine func rng F -> non empty Subset-Family of X;
end;

canceled 2;

theorem :: MEASURE1:52
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
F being Function of NAT,S holds
rng F is N_Sub_set_fam of X;

theorem :: MEASURE1:53
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
F being Function of NAT,S holds
union rng F is Element of S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:54
for Y,S being non empty set,
F being Function of Y,S,
M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
M is nonnegative holds M*F is nonnegative;

theorem :: MEASURE1:55
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
a,b being R_eal holds
ex M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
for A being Element of S holds
(A = {} implies M.A = a) & (A <> {} implies M.A = b);

theorem :: MEASURE1:56
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X
ex M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
for A being Element of S holds
(A = {} implies M.A = 0.) & (A <> {} implies M.A = +infty);

theorem :: MEASURE1:57
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X
ex M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
for A being Element of S holds M.A = 0.;

theorem :: MEASURE1:58
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X
ex M being Function of S,ExtREAL st
M is nonnegative & M.{} = 0. &
for F being Sep_Sequence of S holds
SUM(M*F) = M.(union rng F);

definition
let X be set;
let S be sigma_Field_Subset of X;
canceled;

mode sigma_Measure of S -> Function of S,ExtREAL means
:: MEASURE1:def 11
it is nonnegative &
it.{} = 0.&
for F being Sep_Sequence of S holds
SUM(it*F) = it.(union rng F);
end;

definition let X be set;
cluster sigma_Field_Subset-like compl-closed -> cup-closed
(non empty Subset-Family of X);
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:60
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S holds M is Measure of S;

theorem :: MEASURE1:61
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S st
A misses B holds M.(A \/ B) = M.A + M.B;

theorem :: MEASURE1:62
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S st A c= B holds M.A <=' M.B;

theorem :: MEASURE1:63
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S st
A c= B & M.A <' +infty holds M.(B \ A) = M.B - M.A;

theorem :: MEASURE1:64
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A,B being Element of S holds
M.(A \/ B) <=' M.A + M.B;

definition
let X be set,
S be sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M be sigma_Measure of S,
A be set;
pred A is_measurable M means
:: MEASURE1:def 12
A in S;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:66
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S holds
{} is_measurable M & X is_measurable M &
for A,B being set st A is_measurable M & B is_measurable M holds
X \ A is_measurable M & A \/ B is_measurable M &
A /\ B is_measurable M;

theorem :: MEASURE1:67
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
T being N_Sub_set_fam of X st
(for A being set st A in T holds A is_measurable M) holds
union T is_measurable M & meet T is_measurable M;

definition
let X be set,
S be sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M be sigma_Measure of S;
mode measure_zero of M -> Element of S means
:: MEASURE1:def 13
M.it = 0.;
end;

canceled;

theorem :: MEASURE1:69
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A being Element of S,
B being measure_zero of M st
A c= B holds A is measure_zero of M;

theorem :: MEASURE1:70
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A,B being measure_zero of M holds
A \/ B is measure_zero of M & A /\ B is measure_zero of M &
A \ B is measure_zero of M;

theorem :: MEASURE1:71
for S being sigma_Field_Subset of X,
M being sigma_Measure of S,
A being Element of S,
B being measure_zero of M holds
M.(A \/ B) = M.A & M.(A /\ B) = 0.& M.(A \ B) = M.A;


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