Journal of Formalized Mathematics
Volume 10, 1998
University of Bialystok
Copyright (c) 1998 Association of Mizar Users

## Trigonometric Functions and Existence of Circle Ratio

Yuguang Yang
Shinshu University, Nagano
Yasunari Shidama
Shinshu University, Nagano

### Summary.

In this article, we defined {\em sinus} and {\em cosine} as the real part and the imaginary part of the exponential function on complex, and also give their series expression. Then we proved the differentiablity of {\em sinus}, {\em cosine} and the exponential function of real. Finally, we showed the existence of the circle ratio, and some formulas of {\em sinus}, {\em cosine}.

#### MML Identifier: SIN_COS

The terminology and notation used in this paper have been introduced in the following articles                           

#### Contents (PDF format)

1. Some Definitions and Properties of Complex Sequence
2. Definition of Exponential Function on Complex
3. Definition of Sinus, Cosine, and Exponential Function on ${\Bbb R}$
4. Differential of Sinus, Cosine, and Exponential Function
5. Existence of Circle Ratio
6. Formulas of Sinus, Cosine

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