:: The Continuous Functions on Normed Linear Spaces
:: by Takaya Nishiyama, Keiji Ohkubo and Yasunari Shidama
::
:: Received April 6, 2004
:: Copyright (c) 2004-2021 Association of Mizar Users

theorem :: NFCONT_1:1
for S being non empty addLoopStr
for seq1, seq2 being sequence of S holds seq1 - seq2 = seq1 + (- seq2)
proof end;

theorem Th2: :: NFCONT_1:2
for S being RealNormSpace
for seq being sequence of S holds - seq = (- 1) * seq
proof end;

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let x0 be Point of S;
mode Neighbourhood of x0 -> Subset of S means :Def1: :: NFCONT_1:def 1
ex g being Real st
( 0 < g & { y where y is Point of S : ||.(y - x0).|| < g } c= it );
existence
ex b1 being Subset of S ex g being Real st
( 0 < g & { y where y is Point of S : ||.(y - x0).|| < g } c= b1 )
proof end;
end;

:: deftheorem Def1 defines Neighbourhood NFCONT_1:def 1 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for x0 being Point of S
for b3 being Subset of S holds
( b3 is Neighbourhood of x0 iff ex g being Real st
( 0 < g & { y where y is Point of S : ||.(y - x0).|| < g } c= b3 ) );

theorem Th3: :: NFCONT_1:3
for S being RealNormSpace
for x0 being Point of S
for g being Real st 0 < g holds
{ y where y is Point of S : ||.(y - x0).|| < g } is Neighbourhood of x0
proof end;

theorem Th4: :: NFCONT_1:4
for S being RealNormSpace
for x0 being Point of S
for N being Neighbourhood of x0 holds x0 in N
proof end;

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let X be Subset of S;
attr X is compact means :: NFCONT_1:def 2
for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= X holds
ex s2 being sequence of S st
( s2 is subsequence of s1 & s2 is convergent & lim s2 in X );
end;

:: deftheorem defines compact NFCONT_1:def 2 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for X being Subset of S holds
( X is compact iff for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= X holds
ex s2 being sequence of S st
( s2 is subsequence of s1 & s2 is convergent & lim s2 in X ) );

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let X be Subset of S;
attr X is closed means :: NFCONT_1:def 3
for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= X & s1 is convergent holds
lim s1 in X;
end;

:: deftheorem defines closed NFCONT_1:def 3 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for X being Subset of S holds
( X is closed iff for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= X & s1 is convergent holds
lim s1 in X );

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let X be Subset of S;
attr X is open means :: NFCONT_1:def 4
X  is closed ;
end;

:: deftheorem defines open NFCONT_1:def 4 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for X being Subset of S holds
( X is open iff X  is closed );

definition
let S, T be RealNormSpace;
let f be PartFunc of S,T;
let x0 be Point of S;
pred f is_continuous_in x0 means :: NFCONT_1:def 5
( x0 in dom f & ( for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= dom f & s1 is convergent & lim s1 = x0 holds
( f /* s1 is convergent & f /. x0 = lim (f /* s1) ) ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_continuous_in NFCONT_1:def 5 :
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= dom f & s1 is convergent & lim s1 = x0 holds
( f /* s1 is convergent & f /. x0 = lim (f /* s1) ) ) ) );

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let f be PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL;
let x0 be Point of S;
pred f is_continuous_in x0 means :: NFCONT_1:def 6
( x0 in dom f & ( for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= dom f & s1 is convergent & lim s1 = x0 holds
( f /* s1 is convergent & f /. x0 = lim (f /* s1) ) ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_continuous_in NFCONT_1:def 6 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL
for x0 being Point of S holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= dom f & s1 is convergent & lim s1 = x0 holds
( f /* s1 is convergent & f /. x0 = lim (f /* s1) ) ) ) );

theorem Th5: :: NFCONT_1:5
for n being Nat
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for seq being sequence of S
for h being PartFunc of S,T st rng seq c= dom h holds
seq . n in dom h
proof end;

theorem Th6: :: NFCONT_1:6
for S being RealNormSpace
for seq being sequence of S
for x being set holds
( x in rng seq iff ex n being Nat st x = seq . n )
proof end;

theorem Th7: :: NFCONT_1:7
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for r being Real st 0 < r holds
ex s being Real st
( 0 < s & ( for x1 being Point of S st x1 in dom f & ||.(x1 - x0).|| < s holds
||.((f /. x1) - (f /. x0)).|| < r ) ) ) ) )
proof end;

theorem Th8: :: NFCONT_1:8
for S being RealNormSpace
for x0 being Point of S
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for r being Real st 0 < r holds
ex s being Real st
( 0 < s & ( for x1 being Point of S st x1 in dom f & ||.(x1 - x0).|| < s holds
|.((f /. x1) - (f /. x0)).| < r ) ) ) ) )
proof end;

theorem Th9: :: NFCONT_1:9
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for N1 being Neighbourhood of f /. x0 ex N being Neighbourhood of x0 st
for x1 being Point of S st x1 in dom f & x1 in N holds
f /. x1 in N1 ) ) )
proof end;

theorem Th10: :: NFCONT_1:10
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S holds
( f is_continuous_in x0 iff ( x0 in dom f & ( for N1 being Neighbourhood of f /. x0 ex N being Neighbourhood of x0 st f .: N c= N1 ) ) )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:11
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S st x0 in dom f & ex N being Neighbourhood of x0 st (dom f) /\ N = {x0} holds
f is_continuous_in x0
proof end;

theorem Th12: :: NFCONT_1:12
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for h1, h2 being PartFunc of S,T
for seq being sequence of S st rng seq c= (dom h1) /\ (dom h2) holds
( (h1 + h2) /* seq = (h1 /* seq) + (h2 /* seq) & (h1 - h2) /* seq = (h1 /* seq) - (h2 /* seq) )
proof end;

theorem Th13: :: NFCONT_1:13
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for h being PartFunc of S,T
for seq being sequence of S
for r being Real st rng seq c= dom h holds
(r (#) h) /* seq = r * (h /* seq)
proof end;

reconsider jj = 1 as Real ;

theorem Th14: :: NFCONT_1:14
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for h being PartFunc of S,T
for seq being sequence of S st rng seq c= dom h holds
( ||.(h /* seq).|| = /* seq & - (h /* seq) = (- h) /* seq )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:15
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f1, f2 being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S st f1 is_continuous_in x0 & f2 is_continuous_in x0 holds
( f1 + f2 is_continuous_in x0 & f1 - f2 is_continuous_in x0 )
proof end;

theorem Th16: :: NFCONT_1:16
for r being Real
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S st f is_continuous_in x0 holds
r (#) f is_continuous_in x0
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:17
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S st f is_continuous_in x0 holds
( is_continuous_in x0 & - f is_continuous_in x0 )
proof end;

definition
let S, T be RealNormSpace;
let f be PartFunc of S,T;
let X be set ;
pred f is_continuous_on X means :: NFCONT_1:def 7
( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f | X is_continuous_in x0 ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_continuous_on NFCONT_1:def 7 :
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for X being set holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f | X is_continuous_in x0 ) ) );

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let f be PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL;
let X be set ;
pred f is_continuous_on X means :: NFCONT_1:def 8
( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f | X is_continuous_in x0 ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_continuous_on NFCONT_1:def 8 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL
for X being set holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f | X is_continuous_in x0 ) ) );

theorem Th18: :: NFCONT_1:18
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for X being set
for f being PartFunc of S,T holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ( for s1 being sequence of S st rng s1 c= X & s1 is convergent & lim s1 in X holds
( f /* s1 is convergent & f /. (lim s1) = lim (f /* s1) ) ) ) )
proof end;

theorem Th19: :: NFCONT_1:19
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S
for r being Real st x0 in X & 0 < r holds
ex s being Real st
( 0 < s & ( for x1 being Point of S st x1 in X & ||.(x1 - x0).|| < s holds
||.((f /. x1) - (f /. x0)).|| < r ) ) ) ) )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:20
for X being set
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S
for r being Real st x0 in X & 0 < r holds
ex s being Real st
( 0 < s & ( for x1 being Point of S st x1 in X & ||.(x1 - x0).|| < s holds
|.((f /. x1) - (f /. x0)).| < r ) ) ) ) )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:21
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff f | X is_continuous_on X )
proof end;

theorem Th22: :: NFCONT_1:22
for X being set
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL holds
( f is_continuous_on X iff f | X is_continuous_on X )
proof end;

theorem Th23: :: NFCONT_1:23
for X, X1 being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_continuous_on X & X1 c= X holds
f is_continuous_on X1
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:24
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for x0 being Point of S st x0 in dom f holds
f is_continuous_on {x0}
proof end;

theorem Th25: :: NFCONT_1:25
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for X being set
for f1, f2 being PartFunc of S,T st f1 is_continuous_on X & f2 is_continuous_on X holds
( f1 + f2 is_continuous_on X & f1 - f2 is_continuous_on X )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:26
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for X, X1 being set
for f1, f2 being PartFunc of S,T st f1 is_continuous_on X & f2 is_continuous_on X1 holds
( f1 + f2 is_continuous_on X /\ X1 & f1 - f2 is_continuous_on X /\ X1 )
proof end;

theorem Th27: :: NFCONT_1:27
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for r being Real
for X being set
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_continuous_on X holds
r (#) f is_continuous_on X
proof end;

theorem Th28: :: NFCONT_1:28
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_continuous_on X holds
( is_continuous_on X & - f is_continuous_on X )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:29
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is total & ( for x1, x2 being Point of S holds f /. (x1 + x2) = (f /. x1) + (f /. x2) ) & ex x0 being Point of S st f is_continuous_in x0 holds
f is_continuous_on the carrier of S
proof end;

theorem Th30: :: NFCONT_1:30
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st dom f is compact & f is_continuous_on dom f holds
rng f is compact
proof end;

theorem Th31: :: NFCONT_1:31
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL st dom f is compact & f is_continuous_on dom f holds
rng f is compact
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:32
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for Y being Subset of S st Y c= dom f & Y is compact & f is_continuous_on Y holds
f .: Y is compact
proof end;

theorem Th33: :: NFCONT_1:33
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL st dom f <> {} & dom f is compact & f is_continuous_on dom f holds
ex x1, x2 being Point of S st
( x1 in dom f & x2 in dom f & f /. x1 = upper_bound (rng f) & f /. x2 = lower_bound (rng f) )
proof end;

theorem Th34: :: NFCONT_1:34
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st dom f <> {} & dom f is compact & f is_continuous_on dom f holds
ex x1, x2 being Point of S st
( x1 in dom f & x2 in dom f & /. x1 = upper_bound () & /. x2 = lower_bound () )
proof end;

theorem Th35: :: NFCONT_1:35
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T holds | X = ||.(f | X).||
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:36
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T
for Y being Subset of S st Y <> {} & Y c= dom f & Y is compact & f is_continuous_on Y holds
ex x1, x2 being Point of S st
( x1 in Y & x2 in Y & /. x1 = upper_bound ( .: Y) & /. x2 = lower_bound ( .: Y) )
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:37
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL
for Y being Subset of S st Y <> {} & Y c= dom f & Y is compact & f is_continuous_on Y holds
ex x1, x2 being Point of S st
( x1 in Y & x2 in Y & f /. x1 = upper_bound (f .: Y) & f /. x2 = lower_bound (f .: Y) )
proof end;

definition
let S, T be RealNormSpace;
let X be set ;
let f be PartFunc of S,T;
pred f is_Lipschitzian_on X means :: NFCONT_1:def 9
( X c= dom f & ex r being Real st
( 0 < r & ( for x1, x2 being Point of S st x1 in X & x2 in X holds
||.((f /. x1) - (f /. x2)).|| <= r * ||.(x1 - x2).|| ) ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_Lipschitzian_on NFCONT_1:def 9 :
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for X being set
for f being PartFunc of S,T holds
( f is_Lipschitzian_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ex r being Real st
( 0 < r & ( for x1, x2 being Point of S st x1 in X & x2 in X holds
||.((f /. x1) - (f /. x2)).|| <= r * ||.(x1 - x2).|| ) ) ) );

definition
let S be RealNormSpace;
let X be set ;
let f be PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL;
pred f is_Lipschitzian_on X means :: NFCONT_1:def 10
( X c= dom f & ex r being Real st
( 0 < r & ( for x1, x2 being Point of S st x1 in X & x2 in X holds
|.((f /. x1) - (f /. x2)).| <= r * ||.(x1 - x2).|| ) ) );
end;

:: deftheorem defines is_Lipschitzian_on NFCONT_1:def 10 :
for S being RealNormSpace
for X being set
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL holds
( f is_Lipschitzian_on X iff ( X c= dom f & ex r being Real st
( 0 < r & ( for x1, x2 being Point of S st x1 in X & x2 in X holds
|.((f /. x1) - (f /. x2)).| <= r * ||.(x1 - x2).|| ) ) ) );

theorem Th38: :: NFCONT_1:38
for X, X1 being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_Lipschitzian_on X & X1 c= X holds
f is_Lipschitzian_on X1
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:39
for X, X1 being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f1, f2 being PartFunc of S,T st f1 is_Lipschitzian_on X & f2 is_Lipschitzian_on X1 holds
f1 + f2 is_Lipschitzian_on X /\ X1
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:40
for X, X1 being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f1, f2 being PartFunc of S,T st f1 is_Lipschitzian_on X & f2 is_Lipschitzian_on X1 holds
f1 - f2 is_Lipschitzian_on X /\ X1
proof end;

theorem Th41: :: NFCONT_1:41
for X being set
for p being Real
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_Lipschitzian_on X holds
p (#) f is_Lipschitzian_on X
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:42
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_Lipschitzian_on X holds
( - f is_Lipschitzian_on X & is_Lipschitzian_on X )
proof end;

theorem Th43: :: NFCONT_1:43
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st X c= dom f & f | X is V26() holds
f is_Lipschitzian_on X
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:44
for S being RealNormSpace
for Y being Subset of S holds id Y is_Lipschitzian_on Y
proof end;

theorem Th45: :: NFCONT_1:45
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st f is_Lipschitzian_on X holds
f is_continuous_on X
proof end;

theorem Th46: :: NFCONT_1:46
for X being set
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL st f is_Lipschitzian_on X holds
f is_continuous_on X
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:47
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st ex r being Point of T st rng f = {r} holds
f is_continuous_on dom f
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:48
for X being set
for S, T being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,T st X c= dom f & f | X is V26() holds
f is_continuous_on X by ;

theorem Th49: :: NFCONT_1:49
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,S st ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in dom f holds
f /. x0 = x0 ) holds
f is_continuous_on dom f
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:50
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,S st f = id (dom f) holds
f is_continuous_on dom f
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:51
for S being RealNormSpace
for Y being Subset of S
for f being PartFunc of S,S st Y c= dom f & f | Y = id Y holds
f is_continuous_on Y
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:52
for X being set
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of S,S
for r being Real
for p being Point of S st X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f /. x0 = (r * x0) + p ) holds
f is_continuous_on X
proof end;

theorem Th53: :: NFCONT_1:53
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL st ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in dom f holds
f /. x0 = ||.x0.|| ) holds
f is_continuous_on dom f
proof end;

theorem :: NFCONT_1:54
for X being set
for S being RealNormSpace
for f being PartFunc of the carrier of S,REAL st X c= dom f & ( for x0 being Point of S st x0 in X holds
f /. x0 = ||.x0.|| ) holds
f is_continuous_on X
proof end;