:: Cross Products and Tripple Vector Products in 3-dimensional Euclidian Space
:: by Kanchun, Hiroshi Yamazaki and Yatsuka Nakamura
::
:: Received August 8, 2003
:: Copyright (c) 2003-2018 Association of Mizar Users

theorem Th1: :: EUCLID_5:1
for p being Point of () ex x, y, z being Real st p = <*x,y,z*>
proof end;

definition
let p be Point of ();
func p 1 -> Real equals :: EUCLID_5:def 1
p . 1;
coherence
p . 1 is Real
;
func p 2 -> Real equals :: EUCLID_5:def 2
p . 2;
coherence
p . 2 is Real
;
func p 3 -> Real equals :: EUCLID_5:def 3
p . 3;
coherence
p . 3 is Real
;
end;

:: deftheorem defines 1 EUCLID_5:def 1 :
for p being Point of () holds p 1 = p . 1;

:: deftheorem defines 2 EUCLID_5:def 2 :
for p being Point of () holds p 2 = p . 2;

:: deftheorem defines 3 EUCLID_5:def 3 :
for p being Point of () holds p 3 = p . 3;

notation
let x, y, z be Real;
synonym |[x,y,z]| for <*x,y,z*>;
end;

definition
let x, y, z be Real;
:: original: |[
redefine func |[x,y,z]| -> Point of ();
coherence
|[x,y,z]| is Point of ()
proof end;
end;

theorem Th2: :: EUCLID_5:2
for x, y, z being Real holds
( |[x,y,z]| 1 = x & |[x,y,z]| 2 = y & |[x,y,z]| 3 = z ) by FINSEQ_1:45;

theorem Th3: :: EUCLID_5:3
for p being Point of () holds p = |[(p 1),(p 2),(p 3)]|
proof end;

theorem Th4: :: EUCLID_5:4
0. () = |[0,0,0]|
proof end;

theorem Th5: :: EUCLID_5:5
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds p1 + p2 = |[((p1 1) + (p2 1)),((p1 2) + (p2 2)),((p1 3) + (p2 3))]|
proof end;

theorem Th6: :: EUCLID_5:6
for x1, x2, y1, y2, z1, z2 being Real holds |[x1,y1,z1]| + |[x2,y2,z2]| = |[(x1 + x2),(y1 + y2),(z1 + z2)]|
proof end;

theorem Th7: :: EUCLID_5:7
for x being Real
for p being Point of () holds x * p = |[(x * (p 1)),(x * (p 2)),(x * (p 3))]|
proof end;

theorem Th8: :: EUCLID_5:8
for x, x1, y1, z1 being Real holds x * |[x1,y1,z1]| = |[(x * x1),(x * y1),(x * z1)]|
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:9
for x being Real
for p being Point of () holds
( (x * p) 1 = x * (p 1) & (x * p) 2 = x * (p 2) & (x * p) 3 = x * (p 3) )
proof end;

theorem Th10: :: EUCLID_5:10
for p being Point of () holds - p = |[(- (p 1)),(- (p 2)),(- (p 3))]|
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:11
for x1, y1, z1 being Real holds - |[x1,y1,z1]| = |[(- x1),(- y1),(- z1)]|
proof end;

theorem Th12: :: EUCLID_5:12
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds p1 - p2 = |[((p1 1) - (p2 1)),((p1 2) - (p2 2)),((p1 3) - (p2 3))]|
proof end;

theorem Th13: :: EUCLID_5:13
for x1, x2, y1, y2, z1, z2 being Real holds |[x1,y1,z1]| - |[x2,y2,z2]| = |[(x1 - x2),(y1 - y2),(z1 - z2)]|
proof end;

definition
let p1, p2 be Point of ();
func p1 <X> p2 -> Point of () equals :: EUCLID_5:def 4
|[(((p1 2) * (p2 3)) - ((p1 3) * (p2 2))),(((p1 3) * (p2 1)) - ((p1 1) * (p2 3))),(((p1 1) * (p2 2)) - ((p1 2) * (p2 1)))]|;
correctness
coherence
|[(((p1 2) * (p2 3)) - ((p1 3) * (p2 2))),(((p1 3) * (p2 1)) - ((p1 1) * (p2 3))),(((p1 1) * (p2 2)) - ((p1 2) * (p2 1)))]| is Point of ()
;
;
end;

:: deftheorem defines <X> EUCLID_5:def 4 :
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds p1 <X> p2 = |[(((p1 2) * (p2 3)) - ((p1 3) * (p2 2))),(((p1 3) * (p2 1)) - ((p1 1) * (p2 3))),(((p1 1) * (p2 2)) - ((p1 2) * (p2 1)))]|;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:14
for x, y, z being Real
for p being Point of () st p = |[x,y,z]| holds
( p 1 = x & p 2 = y & p 3 = z ) by FINSEQ_1:45;

theorem Th15: :: EUCLID_5:15
for x1, x2, y1, y2, z1, z2 being Real holds |[x1,y1,z1]| <X> |[x2,y2,z2]| = |[((y1 * z2) - (z1 * y2)),((z1 * x2) - (x1 * z2)),((x1 * y2) - (y1 * x2))]|
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:16
for x being Real
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds
( (x * p1) <X> p2 = x * (p1 <X> p2) & (x * p1) <X> p2 = p1 <X> (x * p2) )
proof end;

theorem Th17: :: EUCLID_5:17
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds p1 <X> p2 = - (p2 <X> p1)
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:18
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds (- p1) <X> p2 = p1 <X> (- p2)
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:19
for x, y, z being Real holds |[0,0,0]| <X> |[x,y,z]| = 0. ()
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:20
for x1, x2 being Real holds |[x1,0,0]| <X> |[x2,0,0]| = 0. ()
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:21
for y1, y2 being Real holds |[0,y1,0]| <X> |[0,y2,0]| = 0. ()
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:22
for z1, z2 being Real holds |[0,0,z1]| <X> |[0,0,z2]| = 0. ()
proof end;

theorem Th23: :: EUCLID_5:23
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds p1 <X> (p2 + p3) = (p1 <X> p2) + (p1 <X> p3)
proof end;

theorem Th24: :: EUCLID_5:24
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds (p1 + p2) <X> p3 = (p1 <X> p3) + (p2 <X> p3)
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:25
for p1 being Point of () holds p1 <X> p1 = 0. () by Th4;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:26
for p1, p2, p3, p4 being Point of () holds (p1 + p2) <X> (p3 + p4) = (((p1 <X> p3) + (p1 <X> p4)) + (p2 <X> p3)) + (p2 <X> p4)
proof end;

::
:: Inner Product for Point of TOP-REAL 3
::
theorem Th27: :: EUCLID_5:27
for p being Point of () holds p = <*(p 1),(p 2),(p 3)*>
proof end;

theorem Th28: :: EUCLID_5:28
for f1, f2 being FinSequence of REAL st len f1 = 3 & len f2 = 3 holds
mlt (f1,f2) = <*((f1 . 1) * (f2 . 1)),((f1 . 2) * (f2 . 2)),((f1 . 3) * (f2 . 3))*>
proof end;

theorem Th29: :: EUCLID_5:29
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds |(p1,p2)| = (((p1 1) * (p2 1)) + ((p1 2) * (p2 2))) + ((p1 3) * (p2 `3))
proof end;

theorem Th30: :: EUCLID_5:30
for x3, y3, x1, x2, y1, y2 being Real holds |(|[x1,x2,x3]|,|[y1,y2,y3]|)| = ((x1 * y1) + (x2 * y2)) + (x3 * y3)
proof end;

::
:: Scalar and Vector : Triple Products
::
definition
let p1, p2, p3 be Point of ();
func |{p1,p2,p3}| -> Real equals :: EUCLID_5:def 5
|(p1,(p2 <X> p3))|;
coherence
|(p1,(p2 <X> p3))| is Real
;
end;

:: deftheorem defines |{ EUCLID_5:def 5 :
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds |{p1,p2,p3}| = |(p1,(p2 <X> p3))|;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:31
for p1, p2 being Point of () holds
( |{p1,p1,p2}| = 0 & |{p2,p1,p2}| = 0 )
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:32
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds p1 <X> (p2 <X> p3) = (|(p1,p3)| * p2) - (|(p1,p2)| * p3)
proof end;

theorem Th33: :: EUCLID_5:33
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds |{p1,p2,p3}| = |{p2,p3,p1}|
proof end;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:34
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds |{p1,p2,p3}| = |{p3,p1,p2}| by Th33;

theorem :: EUCLID_5:35
for p1, p2, p3 being Point of () holds |{p1,p2,p3}| = |((p1 <X> p2),p3)|
proof end;

registration
coherence
proof end;
end;