:: On the Lattice of Subalgebras of a Universal Algebra
:: by Miros{\l}aw Jan Paszek
::
:: Received May 23, 1995
:: Copyright (c) 1995-2018 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies UNIALG_1, UNIALG_2, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, GROUP_2, STRUCT_0,
ORDERS_3, FUNCT_1, ZFMISC_1, CARD_1, FINSEQ_1, TARSKI, PARTFUN1, RELAT_1,
FINSEQ_2, NUMBERS, CQC_SIM1, SETFAM_1, PBOOLE, EQREL_1, XXREAL_2,
LATTICES, REWRITE1, LATTICE3, VECTSP_8, UNIALG_3;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, ORDINAL1, NUMBERS, SETFAM_1, RELAT_1,
FUNCT_1, STRUCT_0, RELSET_1, FUNCT_2, FINSEQ_1, FINSEQ_2, MARGREL1,
LATTICES, LATTICE3, UNIALG_1, UNIALG_2;
constructors BINOP_1, DOMAIN_1, LATTICE3, UNIALG_2, RELSET_1, NUMBERS;
registrations XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, STRUCT_0, LATTICES, UNIALG_2,
ORDINAL1, FINSEQ_1, CARD_1;
requirements BOOLE, SUBSET;
definitions LATTICE3, VECTSP_8, LATTICES, UNIALG_2, TARSKI, XBOOLE_0;
equalities LATTICES, UNIALG_2, SUBSET_1;
expansions LATTICE3, LATTICES, UNIALG_2, TARSKI, XBOOLE_0;
theorems TARSKI, UNIALG_2, SETFAM_1, FUNCT_1, FUNCT_2, RELAT_1, LATTICES,
SUBSET_1, FINSEQ_2, UNIALG_1, FINSEQ_1, FINSEQ_3, XBOOLE_0, XBOOLE_1,
STRUCT_0, MARGREL1;
schemes FUNCT_2;
begin
reserve U0 for Universal_Algebra,
U1 for SubAlgebra of U0,
o for operation of U0;
definition
let U0;
mode SubAlgebra-Family of U0 -> set means
:Def1:
for U1 be set st U1 in it holds U1 is SubAlgebra of U0;
existence
proof
take {};
thus thesis;
end;
end;
registration
let U0;
cluster non empty for SubAlgebra-Family of U0;
existence
proof
set U1 = the SubAlgebra of U0;
for U2 be set st U2 in { U1 } holds U2 is SubAlgebra of U0 by TARSKI:def 1;
then reconsider U00 = { U1 } as SubAlgebra-Family of U0 by Def1;
take U00;
thus thesis;
end;
end;
definition
let U0;
redefine func Sub(U0) -> non empty SubAlgebra-Family of U0;
coherence
proof
Sub(U0) is SubAlgebra-Family of U0
proof
let U1 be set;
assume U1 in Sub(U0);
hence thesis by UNIALG_2:def 14;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
let U00 be non empty SubAlgebra-Family of U0;
redefine mode Element of U00 -> SubAlgebra of U0;
coherence by Def1;
end;
definition
let U0;
let u be Element of Sub(U0);
func carr u -> Subset of U0 means
:Def2:
ex U1 being SubAlgebra of U0 st u = U1 & it = the carrier of U1;
existence
proof
consider U1 being SubAlgebra of U0 such that
A1: U1 = u;
reconsider A = the carrier of U1 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
take A,U1;
thus thesis by A1;
end;
uniqueness;
end;
definition
let U0;
func Carr U0 -> Function of Sub(U0), bool the carrier of U0 means
:Def3:
for u being Element of Sub(U0) holds it.u = carr u;
existence
proof
deffunc F(Element of Sub(U0))=carr $1;
ex f being Function of Sub(U0), bool the carrier of U0 st for x being
Element of Sub(U0) holds f.x = F(x) from FUNCT_2:sch 4;
hence thesis;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let F1, F2 be Function of Sub(U0) ,bool the carrier of U0 such that
A1: for u1 being Element of Sub(U0) holds F1.u1 = carr u1 and
A2: for u2 being Element of Sub(U0) holds F2.u2 = carr u2;
for u being object st u in Sub(U0) holds F1.u = F2.u
proof
let u be object;
assume u in Sub(U0);
then reconsider u1 = u as Element of Sub(U0);
consider U1 being SubAlgebra of U0 such that
u1 = U1 and
A3: carr u1 = the carrier of U1 by Def2;
F1.u1 = the carrier of U1 by A1,A3;
hence thesis by A2,A3;
end;
hence thesis by FUNCT_2:12;
end;
end;
theorem Th1:
for u being object holds u in Sub(U0) iff ex U1 be strict SubAlgebra
of U0 st u = U1
proof
let u be object;
thus u in Sub(U0) implies ex U1 being strict SubAlgebra of U0 st u = U1
proof
assume u in Sub(U0);
then u is strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
hence thesis;
end;
thus thesis by UNIALG_2:def 14;
end;
theorem
for H being non empty Subset of U0 for o holds arity o = 0 implies (H
is_closed_on o iff o.{} in H)
proof
let H be non empty Subset of U0;
let o;
assume
A1: arity o = 0;
thus H is_closed_on o implies o.{} in H
proof
assume
A2: H is_closed_on o;
consider s being FinSequence of H such that
A3: len s = arity o by FINSEQ_1:19;
s = {} by A1,A3;
hence thesis by A2,A3;
end;
thus o.{} in H implies H is_closed_on o
proof
assume
A4: o.{} in H;
let s be FinSequence of H;
assume len s = arity o;
then s = {} by A1;
hence thesis by A4;
end;
end;
theorem Th3:
for U1 be SubAlgebra of U0 holds the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U0
proof
let U1 be SubAlgebra of U0;
the carrier of U1 is Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
for H being non empty Subset of U0 for o holds H is_closed_on o &
arity o = 0 implies (o/.H) = o
proof
let H be non empty Subset of U0;
let o;
assume that
A1: H is_closed_on o and
A2: arity o = 0;
A3: dom o = 0 -tuples_on the carrier of U0 by A2,MARGREL1:22
.= { <*>the carrier of U0 } by FINSEQ_2:94
.= { <*>H }
.= 0 -tuples_on H by FINSEQ_2:94;
o/.H = o|(0 -tuples_on H) by A1,A2,UNIALG_2:def 5;
hence thesis by A3,RELAT_1:69;
end;
theorem
Constants(U0) = { o.{} where o is operation of U0: arity o = 0 }
proof
set S = { o.{} where o is operation of U0: arity o = 0 };
thus Constants(U0) c= S
proof
let a be object;
assume a in Constants(U0);
then consider u being Element of U0 such that
A1: u = a and
A2: ex o be operation of U0 st arity o = 0 & u in rng o;
consider o be operation of U0 such that
A3: arity o = 0 and
A4: u in rng o by A2;
consider a2 being object such that
A5: a2 in dom o and
A6: u = o.a2 by A4,FUNCT_1:def 3;
dom o = 0 -tuples_on the carrier of U0 by A3,MARGREL1:22;
then a2 is Tuple of 0,the carrier of U0 by A5,FINSEQ_2:131;
then reconsider a1 = a2 as FinSequence of the carrier of U0;
len a1 = 0 by A3,A5,MARGREL1:def 25;
then a1 = {};
hence thesis by A1,A3,A6;
end;
thus S c= Constants(U0)
proof
let a be object;
assume a in S;
then consider o being operation of U0 such that
A7: a = o.{} and
A8: arity o = 0;
dom o = 0-tuples_on the carrier of U0 by A8,MARGREL1:22
.={<*>the carrier of U0} by FINSEQ_2:94;
then {}the carrier of U0 in dom o by TARSKI:def 1;
then o.({}the carrier of U0) in rng o by FUNCT_1:def 3;
hence thesis by A7,A8;
end;
end;
theorem Th6:
for U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra for U1 be SubAlgebra of
U0 holds Constants(U0) = Constants(U1)
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let U1 be SubAlgebra of U0;
thus Constants(U0) c= Constants(U1)
proof
reconsider A = the carrier of U1 as non empty Subset of U0 by
UNIALG_2:def 7;
let a be object;
A1: Constants(U0) is Subset of U1 by UNIALG_2:15;
assume
A2: a in Constants(U0);
then consider u being Element of U0 such that
A3: u = a and
A4: ex o be operation of U0 st arity o = 0 & u in rng o;
consider o1 be operation of U0 such that
A5: arity o1 = 0 and
A6: u in rng o1 by A4;
A7: dom o1 = 0 -tuples_on the carrier of U0 by A5,MARGREL1:22
.= { <*>the carrier of U0 } by FINSEQ_2:94
.= { <*>A }
.= 0 -tuples_on A by FINSEQ_2:94;
consider x being object such that
A8: x in dom (the charact of U0) and
A9: o1 = (the charact of U0).x by FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider x as Element of NAT by A8;
x in dom (the charact of U1) by A8,UNIALG_2:7;
then reconsider o = (the charact of U1).x as operation of U1 by
FUNCT_1:def 3;
A is opers_closed by UNIALG_2:def 7;
then
A10: A is_closed_on o1;
x in dom Opers(U0,A) by A8,UNIALG_2:def 6;
then Opers(U0,A).x = o1/.A by A9,UNIALG_2:def 6;
then o = o1/.A by UNIALG_2:def 7
.= o1|(0 -tuples_on A) by A5,A10,UNIALG_2:def 5
.= o1 by A7,RELAT_1:69;
hence thesis by A2,A3,A5,A6,A1;
end;
thus Constants(U1) c= Constants(U0)
proof
reconsider A = the carrier of U1 as non empty Subset of U0 by
UNIALG_2:def 7;
let a be object;
assume a in Constants(U1);
then consider u being Element of U1 such that
A11: u = a and
A12: ex o be operation of U1 st arity o = 0 & u in rng o;
consider o be operation of U1 such that
A13: arity o = 0 and
A14: u in rng o by A12;
consider x being object such that
A15: x in dom (the charact of U1) and
A16: o = (the charact of U1).x by FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider x as Element of NAT by A15;
A17: x in dom (the charact of U0) by A15,UNIALG_2:7;
then reconsider o1 = (the charact of U0).x as operation of U0 by
FUNCT_1:def 3;
len(signature U1) = len (the charact of U1) by UNIALG_1:def 4;
then
A18: x in dom(signature U1) by A15,FINSEQ_3:29;
U1,U0 are_similar by UNIALG_2:13;
then signature U0 = signature U1;
then
A19: arity o1 = (signature U1).x by A18,UNIALG_1:def 4
.= 0 by A13,A16,A18,UNIALG_1:def 4;
then
A20: dom o1 = 0 -tuples_on the carrier of U0 by MARGREL1:22
.= { <*>the carrier of U0 } by FINSEQ_2:94
.= { <*>A }
.= 0 -tuples_on A by FINSEQ_2:94;
A is opers_closed by UNIALG_2:def 7;
then
A21: A is_closed_on o1;
the carrier of U1 is Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
then
A22: u in the carrier of U0 by TARSKI:def 3;
x in dom Opers(U0,A) by A17,UNIALG_2:def 6;
then Opers(U0,A).x = o1/.A by UNIALG_2:def 6;
then o = o1/.A by A16,UNIALG_2:def 7
.= o1|(0 -tuples_on A) by A21,A19,UNIALG_2:def 5
.= o1 by A20,RELAT_1:69;
hence thesis by A11,A13,A14,A22;
end;
end;
registration
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
cluster -> with_const_op for SubAlgebra of U0;
coherence
proof
let U1 be SubAlgebra of U0;
reconsider U2 = U1 as Universal_Algebra;
set u = the Element of Constants(U2);
Constants(U2) = Constants (U0) by Th6;
then u in Constants(U2);
then
ex u1 be Element of U2 st u = u1 & ex o be operation of U2 st arity o =
0 & u1 in rng o;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
theorem
for U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra for U1,U2 be SubAlgebra of
U0 holds Constants(U1) = Constants(U2)
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra,U1,U2 be SubAlgebra of U0;
Constants(U0) = Constants(U1) by Th6;
hence thesis by Th6;
end;
definition
let U0;
redefine func Carr U0 means
:Def4:
for u being Element of Sub(U0), U1 being SubAlgebra of U0 st u = U1 holds
it.u = the carrier of U1;
compatibility
proof
let f be Function of Sub(U0),bool the carrier of U0;
hereby
assume
A1: f = Carr U0;
let u be Element of Sub(U0), U1 be SubAlgebra of U0;
assume
A2: u = U1;
ex U2 being SubAlgebra of U0 st u = U2 & carr u = the carrier of U2
by Def2;
hence f.u = the carrier of U1 by A1,A2,Def3;
end;
assume
A3: for u be Element of Sub(U0), U1 be SubAlgebra of U0 st u = U1
holds f.u = the carrier of U1;
for u1 be Element of Sub(U0) holds f.u1 = carr u1
proof
let u be Element of Sub(U0);
reconsider U1 = u as Element of Sub(U0);
f.u = the carrier of U1 by A3;
hence thesis by Def2;
end;
hence f = Carr U0 by Def3;
end;
end;
theorem
for H being strict SubAlgebra of U0 for u being Element of U0 holds u
in (Carr U0).H iff u in H
proof
let H be strict SubAlgebra of U0;
let u be Element of U0;
thus u in (Carr U0).H implies u in H
proof
A1: H in Sub(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
assume u in (Carr U0).H;
then u in the carrier of H by A1,Def4;
hence thesis by STRUCT_0:def 5;
end;
thus u in H implies u in (Carr U0).H
proof
H in Sub(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
then
A2: (Carr U0).H = the carrier of H by Def4;
assume u in H;
hence thesis by A2,STRUCT_0:def 5;
end;
end;
theorem Th9:
for H be non empty Subset of Sub(U0) holds ((Carr U0).:H) is non empty
proof
let H be non empty Subset of Sub(U0);
consider u being Element of Sub(U0) such that
A1: u in H by SUBSET_1:4;
(Carr U0).u in ((Carr U0).:H) by A1,FUNCT_2:35;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for U1 being strict
SubAlgebra of U0 holds Constants(U0) c= (Carr U0).U1
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let U1 be strict SubAlgebra of U0;
U1 in Sub(U0) by Th1;
then
A1: (Carr U0).U1 = the carrier of U1 by Def4;
Constants(U1) = Constants(U0) by Th6;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
theorem Th11:
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for U1 be
SubAlgebra of U0 for a be set holds a is Element of Constants(U0) implies a in
the carrier of U1
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let U1 be SubAlgebra of U0;
let a be set;
A1: Constants(U0) is Subset of U1 by UNIALG_2:15;
assume a is Element of Constants(U0);
hence thesis by A1,TARSKI:def 3;
end;
theorem Th12:
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for H be non empty
Subset of Sub(U0) holds meet ((Carr U0).:H) is non empty Subset of U0
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let H be non empty Subset of Sub(U0);
set u = the Element of Constants(U0);
reconsider CH = (Carr U0).:H as Subset-Family of U0;
A1: for S being set st S in (Carr U0).:H holds u in S
proof
let S be set;
assume
A2: S in (Carr U0).:H;
then reconsider S as Subset of U0;
consider X1 being Element of Sub(U0) such that
X1 in H and
A3: S = (Carr U0).X1 by A2,FUNCT_2:65;
reconsider X1 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
S = the carrier of X1 by A3,Def4;
hence thesis by Th11;
end;
CH <> {} by Th9;
hence thesis by A1,SETFAM_1:def 1;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra holds the carrier of
UnSubAlLattice(U0) = Sub(U0);
theorem Th14:
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for H be non empty
Subset of Sub(U0) for S being non empty Subset of U0 st S = meet ((Carr U0).:H)
holds S is opers_closed
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let H be non empty Subset of Sub(U0);
let S be non empty Subset of U0 such that
A1: S = meet ((Carr U0).:H);
A2: (Carr U0).:H <> {} by Th9;
for o be operation of U0 holds S is_closed_on o
proof
let o be operation of U0;
let s be FinSequence of S;
assume
A3: len s = arity o;
now
let a be set;
assume
A4: a in (Carr U0).:H;
then reconsider H1 = a as Subset of U0;
consider H2 being Element of Sub U0 such that
H2 in H and
A5: H1 = (Carr U0).H2 by A4,FUNCT_2:65;
A6: H1 = the carrier of H2 by A5,Def4;
then reconsider H3 = H1 as non empty Subset of U0;
S c= H1 by A1,A4,SETFAM_1:3;
then reconsider s1 = s as FinSequence of H3 by FINSEQ_2:24;
H3 is opers_closed by A6,UNIALG_2:def 7;
then H3 is_closed_on o;
then o.s1 in H3 by A3;
hence o.s in a;
end;
hence thesis by A1,A2,SETFAM_1:def 1;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
definition
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let H be non empty Subset of Sub(U0);
func meet H -> strict SubAlgebra of U0 means
:Def5:
the carrier of it = meet ((Carr U0).:H);
existence
proof
reconsider H1 = (meet ((Carr U0).:H)) as non empty Subset of U0 by Th12;
UniAlgSetClosed (H1) = UAStr (# H1, Opers(U0,H1) #) by Th14,UNIALG_2:def 8;
hence thesis;
end;
uniqueness by UNIALG_2:12;
end;
theorem Th15:
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for l1,l2 being
Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0), U1,U2 being strict SubAlgebra of U0 st l1 = U1 &
l2 = U2 holds l1 [= l2 iff the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U2
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let l1,l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
let U1,U2 be strict SubAlgebra of U0;
reconsider l1 = U1 as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider l2 = U2 as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
A1: l1 [= l2 implies the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U2
proof
reconsider U21 = the carrier of U2 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U11 = the carrier of U1 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U3 = U11 \/ U21 as non empty Subset of U0;
assume l1 [= l2;
then l1 "\/" l2 = l2;
then U1 "\/" U2 = U2 by UNIALG_2:def 15;
then GenUnivAlg (U3) = U2 by UNIALG_2:def 13;
then
A2: (the carrier of U1) \/ the carrier of U2 c= the carrier of U2 by
UNIALG_2:def 12;
the carrier of U2 c= (the carrier of U1) \/ the carrier of U2 by XBOOLE_1:7
;
then (the carrier of U1) \/ the carrier of U2 = the carrier of U2 by A2;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_1:7;
end;
the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U2 implies l1 [= l2
proof
reconsider U21 = the carrier of U2 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U11 = the carrier of U1 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U3 = U11 \/ U21 as non empty Subset of U0;
assume the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U2;
then GenUnivAlg (U3) = U2 by UNIALG_2:19,XBOOLE_1:12;
then U1 "\/" U2 = U2 by UNIALG_2:def 13;
then l1 "\/" l2 = l2 by UNIALG_2:def 15;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op Universal_Algebra for l1,l2 being Element
of UnSubAlLattice(U0), U1,U2 being strict SubAlgebra of U0 st l1 = U1 & l2 = U2
holds l1 [= l2 iff U1 is SubAlgebra of U2
proof
let U0 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let l1,l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
let U1,U2 be strict SubAlgebra of U0 such that
A1: l1 = U1 & l2 = U2;
thus l1 [= l2 implies U1 is SubAlgebra of U2
proof
assume l1 [= l2;
then the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of U2 by A1,Th15;
hence thesis by UNIALG_2:11;
end;
thus U1 is SubAlgebra of U2 implies l1 [= l2
proof
assume U1 is SubAlgebra of U2;
then the carrier of U1 is Subset of U2 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
hence thesis by A1,Th15;
end;
end;
theorem Th17:
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra holds
UnSubAlLattice(U0) is bounded
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
A1: UnSubAlLattice(U0) is lower-bounded
proof
reconsider U11 = Constants(U0) as Subset of U0;
reconsider U2 = GenUnivAlg(Constants(U0)) as strict SubAlgebra of U0;
reconsider l1 = GenUnivAlg(Constants(U0)) as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0)
by UNIALG_2:def 14;
take l1;
let l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider U1 = l2 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider U21 = the carrier of U1 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U3 = U11 \/ U21 as non empty Subset of U0;
Constants(U0) is Subset of U1 by UNIALG_2:16;
then GenUnivAlg (U3) = U1 by UNIALG_2:19,XBOOLE_1:12;
then U2 "\/" U1 = U1 by UNIALG_2:20;
then l1 "\/" l2 = l2 by UNIALG_2:def 15;
then
A2: l1 [= l2;
hence l1 "/\" l2 = l1 by LATTICES:4;
thus l2 "/\" l1 = l1 by A2,LATTICES:4;
end;
UnSubAlLattice(U0) is upper-bounded
proof
U0 is strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:8;
then reconsider l1 = U0 as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14
;
reconsider U1 = l1 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:8;
take l1;
let l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider U2 = l2 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider U11 = the carrier of U1 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider U21 = the carrier of U2 as Subset of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
reconsider H = U11 \/ U21 as non empty Subset of U0;
A3: H = the carrier of U1 by XBOOLE_1:12;
thus l1 "\/" l2 = U1 "\/" U2 by UNIALG_2:def 15
.= GenUnivAlg([#](the carrier of U1)) by A3,UNIALG_2:def 13
.= l1 by UNIALG_2:18;
hence l2 "\/" l1 = l1;
end;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
registration
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
cluster UnSubAlLattice U0 -> bounded;
coherence by Th17;
end;
theorem Th18:
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra for U1 be
strict SubAlgebra of U0 holds GenUnivAlg(Constants(U0)) /\ U1 = GenUnivAlg(
Constants(U0))
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let U1 be strict SubAlgebra of U0;
set C = Constants(U0), G = GenUnivAlg(C);
C is Subset of U1 by UNIALG_2:15;
then G is strict SubAlgebra of U1 by UNIALG_2:def 12;
then
A1: the carrier of G is Subset of U1 by UNIALG_2:def 7;
(the carrier of G) meets (the carrier of U1) by UNIALG_2:17;
then the carrier of ( G /\ U1) = (the carrier of G) /\ (the carrier of U1 )
by UNIALG_2:def 9;
hence thesis by A1,UNIALG_2:12,XBOOLE_1:28;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra holds Bottom (
UnSubAlLattice(U0)) = GenUnivAlg(Constants(U0))
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
set L = UnSubAlLattice(U0);
set C = Constants(U0);
reconsider G = GenUnivAlg(C) as Element of Sub(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider l1 = G as Element of L;
now
let l be Element of L;
reconsider u1 = l as Element of Sub(U0);
reconsider U2 = u1 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
thus l1 "/\" l = GenUnivAlg(C) /\ U2 by UNIALG_2:def 16
.= l1 by Th18;
hence l "/\" l1 = l1;
end;
hence thesis by LATTICES:def 16;
end;
theorem Th20:
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra for U1 be
SubAlgebra of U0 for H be Subset of U0 st H = the carrier of U0 holds
GenUnivAlg(H) "\/" U1 = GenUnivAlg(H)
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let U1 be SubAlgebra of U0, H be Subset of U0;
assume H = the carrier of U0;
then H \/ the carrier of U1 = H by Th3,XBOOLE_1:12;
hence thesis by UNIALG_2:20;
end;
theorem Th21:
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra for H be
Subset of U0 st H = the carrier of U0 holds Top (UnSubAlLattice(U0)) =
GenUnivAlg(H)
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let H be Subset of U0;
set L = UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider u1 = GenUnivAlg(H) as Element of Sub(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider l1 = u1 as Element of L;
assume
A1: H = the carrier of U0;
now
let l be Element of L;
reconsider u2 = l as Element of Sub(U0);
reconsider U2 = u2 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
thus l1"\/"l = GenUnivAlg(H)"\/"U2 by UNIALG_2:def 15
.= l1 by A1,Th20;
hence l"\/"l1 = l1;
end;
hence thesis by LATTICES:def 17;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra holds Top (
UnSubAlLattice(U0)) = U0
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
A1: U0 is strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:8;
the carrier of U0 c= the carrier of U0;
then reconsider H = the carrier of U0 as Subset of U0;
thus Top (UnSubAlLattice(U0)) = GenUnivAlg(H) by Th21
.= U0 by A1,UNIALG_2:19;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra holds
UnSubAlLattice(U0) is complete
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let L be Subset of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
per cases;
suppose
A1: L = {};
thus thesis
proof
take Top UnSubAlLattice(U0);
thus Top UnSubAlLattice(U0) is_less_than L
by A1;
let l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
assume l2 is_less_than L;
thus thesis by LATTICES:19;
end;
end;
suppose
L <> {};
then reconsider H = L as non empty Subset of Sub(U0);
reconsider l1 = meet H as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
take l1;
set x = the Element of H;
thus l1 is_less_than L
proof
let l2 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider U1 = l2 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
reconsider u = l2 as Element of Sub(U0);
assume
A2: l2 in L;
(Carr U0).u = the carrier of U1 by Def4;
then meet ((Carr U0).:H) c= the carrier of U1 by A2,FUNCT_2:35,SETFAM_1:3
;
then the carrier of meet H c= the carrier of U1 by Def5;
hence l1 [= l2 by Th15;
end;
let l3 be Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider U1 = l3 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
assume
A3: l3 is_less_than L;
A4: for A be set st A in (Carr U0).:H holds the carrier of U1 c= A
proof
let A be set;
assume
A5: A in (Carr U0).:H;
then reconsider H1 = A as Subset of U0;
consider l4 being Element of Sub(U0) such that
A6: l4 in H & H1 = (Carr U0).l4 by A5,FUNCT_2:65;
reconsider l4 as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
reconsider U2 = l4 as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
A = the carrier of U2 & l3 [= l4 by A3,A6,Def4;
hence thesis by Th15;
end;
(Carr U0).x in (Carr U0).:L by FUNCT_2:35;
then the carrier of U1 c= meet ((Carr U0).:H) by A4,SETFAM_1:5;
then the carrier of U1 c= the carrier of meet H by Def5;
hence l3 [= l1 by Th15;
end;
end;
definition
let U01,U02 be with_const_op Universal_Algebra;
let F be Function of the carrier of U01, the carrier of U02;
func FuncLatt F -> Function of the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01), the
carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U02) means
:Def6:
for U1 being strict SubAlgebra of
U01, H being Subset of U02 st H = F.: the carrier of U1 holds it.U1 =
GenUnivAlg(H);
existence
proof
defpred P [object, object] means
for U1 being strict SubAlgebra of U01 st U1 =
$1 for S being Subset of U02 st S = F.: the carrier of U1 holds $2 = GenUnivAlg
(F.: the carrier of U1);
A1: for u1 being object st u1 in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01) ex u2
being object st u2 in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U02) & P [u1,u2]
proof
let u1 be object;
assume u1 in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01);
then consider U2 being strict SubAlgebra of U01 such that
A2: U2 = u1 by Th1;
reconsider u2 = GenUnivAlg(F.: the carrier of U2) as strict SubAlgebra
of U02;
reconsider u2 as Element of UnSubAlLattice(U02) by UNIALG_2:def 14;
take u2;
thus thesis by A2;
end;
consider f1 being Function of the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01), the
carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U02) such that
A3: for u1 being object st u1 in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01) holds
P [u1,f1.u1] from FUNCT_2:sch 1 (A1);
take f1;
thus thesis
proof
let U1 be strict SubAlgebra of U01;
let S be Subset of U02;
A4: U1 is Element of Sub U01 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
assume S = F.:the carrier of U1;
hence thesis by A3,A4;
end;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let F1,F2 be Function of the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01), the carrier
of UnSubAlLattice(U02) such that
A5: for U1 being strict SubAlgebra of U01, H being Subset of U02 st H
= F.: the carrier of U1 holds F1.U1 = GenUnivAlg(H) and
A6: for U1 being strict SubAlgebra of U01, H being Subset of U02 st H
= F.: the carrier of U1 holds F2.U1 = GenUnivAlg(H);
for l being object st l in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01) holds F1.l
= F2.l
proof
let l be object;
assume l in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U01);
then consider U1 being strict SubAlgebra of U01 such that
A7: U1 = l by Th1;
consider H being Subset of U02 such that
A8: H = F.: the carrier of U1;
F1.l = GenUnivAlg(H) by A5,A7,A8;
hence thesis by A6,A7,A8;
end;
hence F1 = F2 by FUNCT_2:12;
end;
end;
theorem
for U0 being with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra for F being
Function of the carrier of U0, the carrier of U0 st F = id the carrier of U0
holds FuncLatt F = id the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U0)
proof
let U0 be with_const_op strict Universal_Algebra;
let F be Function of the carrier of U0, the carrier of U0 such that
A1: F = id the carrier of U0;
A2: for a being object st a in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U0) holds (
FuncLatt F).a = a
proof
let a be object;
assume a in the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U0);
then reconsider a as strict SubAlgebra of U0 by UNIALG_2:def 14;
for a1 being object holds a1 in the carrier of a implies a1 in F.:the
carrier of a
proof
let a1 be object;
assume
A3: a1 in the carrier of a;
the carrier of a c= the carrier of U0 by Th3;
then reconsider a1 as Element of U0 by A3;
F.a1 = a1 by A1,FUNCT_1:17;
hence thesis by A3,FUNCT_2:35;
end;
then
A4: the carrier of a c= F.:the carrier of a;
for a1 being object holds a1 in F.:the carrier of a implies a1 in the
carrier of a
proof
let a1 be object;
assume
A5: a1 in F.:the carrier of a;
then reconsider a1 as Element of U0;
ex H being Element of U0 st H in the carrier of a & a1 = F.H by A5,
FUNCT_2:65;
hence thesis by A1,FUNCT_1:17;
end;
then
A6: F.:the carrier of a c= the carrier of a;
then reconsider H1 = the carrier of a as Subset of U0 by A4,XBOOLE_0:def 10
;
F.:the carrier of a = the carrier of a by A6,A4;
then (FuncLatt F).a = GenUnivAlg(H1) by Def6;
hence thesis by UNIALG_2:19;
end;
dom FuncLatt F = the carrier of UnSubAlLattice(U0) by FUNCT_2:def 1;
hence thesis by A2,FUNCT_1:17;
end;