:: Algorithm NextFit for the Bin Packing Problem
:: by Hiroshi Fujiwara , Ryota Adachi and Hiroaki Yamamoto
::
:: Received June 30, 2021
:: Copyright (c) 2021 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies BINPACK1, NUMBERS, NAT_1, FINSEQ_1, CARD_1, RELAT_1, SUBSET_1,
XBOOLE_0, FUNCT_1, TARSKI, ORDINAL4, ARYTM_1, ARYTM_3, REAL_1, ZFMISC_1,
XXREAL_0, CARD_3, INT_1, FINSEQ_2, VALUED_0, PARTFUN1, ABIAN, FINSET_1,
CLASSES1, RFUNCT_3, AFINSQ_1, AFINSQ_2, PRGCOR_2;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, RELSET_1,
PARTFUN1, FUNCT_2, ORDINAL1, CARD_1, ABIAN, BINOP_1, NUMBERS, XCMPLX_0,
XXREAL_0, XREAL_0, FINSEQ_1, FINSEQ_2, FINSEQOP, RVSUM_1, INT_1,
FINSET_1, VALUED_0, CLASSES1, RFUNCT_3, GLIB_003, RVSUM_3, AFINSQ_1,
AFINSQ_2;
constructors CARD_1, RELSET_1, RVSUM_1, NAT_D, CLASSES1, RFUNCT_3, DBLSEQ_1,
GLIB_003, PROB_1, PARTFUN3, AFINSQ_2, RECDEF_1, WELLORD2;
registrations ORDINAL1, XBOOLE_0, FUNCT_1, NUMBERS, XREAL_0, NAT_1, FINSEQ_1,
FINSEQ_2, VALUED_0, RELAT_1, RVSUM_1, ABIAN, RELSET_1, INT_1, FINSET_1,
CARD_1, XXREAL_0, MEMBERED, AFINSQ_1, AFINSQ_2, NAT_6;
requirements NUMERALS, SUBSET, BOOLE, ARITHM, REAL;
equalities FINSEQ_1, FINSEQ_2;
expansions BINOP_1, XBOOLE_0, CARD_1, FINSEQ_1, TARSKI, RVSUM_3;
theorems FUNCT_1, FUNCT_2, FINSEQ_1, FINSEQ_2, FINSEQ_5, FINSEQOP, RELAT_1,
XREAL_0, ZFMISC_1, FINSEQ_3, XXREAL_0, XREAL_1, XBOOLE_1, XBOOLE_0,
TARSKI, RVSUM_1, NAT_1, NAT_2, ORDINAL1, CARD_1, INT_1, NAT_D, GRFUNC_1,
CLASSES1, RFINSEQ, RFUNCT_3, DBLSEQ_2, NAT_6, CARD_2, RVSUM_3, AFINSQ_1,
AFINSQ_2, PARTFUN3, XCMPLX_1, WELLORD2;
schemes BINOP_1, RECDEF_1, INT_1, FINSEQ_1, NAT_1;
begin :: Preliminaries
definition
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL;
let i be Element of dom a;
redefine func a . i -> Element of REAL;
correctness
proof
a . i in rng a by FUNCT_1:3;
then a . i in REAL;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
definition
let h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
let i be Element of dom h;
redefine func h . i -> FinSequence of NAT;
correctness
proof
h . i in rng h by FUNCT_1:3;
then h . i in NAT*;
hence h . i is FinSequence of NAT by FINSEQ_1:def 11;
end;
end;
theorem NF992:
for n being Nat st n is odd holds 1 <= n & (n + 1) div 2 = (n + 1) / 2
proof
let n be Nat;
assume L010: n is odd; then
0 < 0 + n;
hence 1 <= n by NAT_1:19;
thus (n + 1) div 2 = (n + 1) / 2 by L010,NAT_6:4;
end;
theorem NF315:
for D be set, p being FinSequence st
(for i being Nat st i in dom p holds p . i in D) holds
p is FinSequence of D
proof
let D be set, p be FinSequence;
assume L000: for i being Nat st i in dom p holds p . i in D;
for y being object st y in rng p holds y in D
proof
let y1 be object;
assume L430: y1 in rng p;
consider i being object such that
L431: i in dom p and
L432: y1 = p . i by L430,FUNCT_1:def 3;
thus y1 in D by L431,L000,L432;
end;
then rng p c= D;
hence p is FinSequence of D by FINSEQ_1:def 4;
end;
theorem NF501:
for x, y being object holds {[x, y]} " {y} = {x}
proof
let x, y be object;
for v being object holds
v in {x} iff (v in dom {[x, y]} & {[x, y]} . v in {y})
proof
let v be object;
hereby
assume v in {x};
then L032: v = x by TARSKI:def 1;
L0325: [x, y] in {[x, y]} by TARSKI:def 1;
then L033: x in dom {[x, y]} & {[x, y]} . x = y by FUNCT_1:1;
thus v in dom {[x, y]} by L032,L0325,FUNCT_1:1;
thus {[x, y]} . v in {y} by L033,TARSKI:def 1,L032;
end;
assume v in dom {[x, y]} & {[x, y]} . v in {y};
hence v in {x} by RELAT_1:9;
end;
hence thesis by FUNCT_1:def 7;
end;
theorem NF600:
for a, b being Nat, s being set holds
Seg a \/ {s} = Seg b implies a = b or a + 1 = b
proof
let a, b be Nat, s be set;
assume L000: Seg b = Seg a \/ {s}; then
L300: card (Seg a \/ {s}) = b by FINSEQ_1:57;
L500: b - a <= 1
proof
assume L505: b - a > 1; then
b - a + a > 1 + a by XREAL_1:8;
then L519: b - 0 > a + 1 - 1 by XREAL_1:14;
per cases;
suppose s in Seg a;
then card ((Seg a) \/ {s}) = card Seg a by ZFMISC_1:40
.= a by FINSEQ_1:57;
hence contradiction by L519,L000,FINSEQ_1:57;
end;
suppose not s in Seg a;
then card ((Seg a) \/ {s})
= (card (Seg a)) + 1 by CARD_2:41
.= a + 1 by FINSEQ_1:57;
hence contradiction by L505,L300;
end;
end;
set d = b - a;
a <= b - 0 by L000,XBOOLE_1:11,FINSEQ_1:5;
then d in NAT by XREAL_1:11,INT_1:3;
then reconsider d as Nat;
d = 0 or d = 1 by L500,NAT_1:25;
hence a = b or a + 1 = b;
end;
definition
let D be non empty set;
let f be D-valued FinSequence;
let I be set;
::: assume I c= dom f; :: not needed to prove the correctness of definition
func Seq (f, I) -> D-valued FinSequence equals
Seq (f | I);
coherence;
end;
definition
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL;
let f be Function;
let s be set;
func SumBin (a, f, s) -> Real equals
Sum (Seq (a, (f " s)));
coherence;
end;
registration
cluster positive for non empty FinSequence of REAL;
existence
proof
set a0 = <* 1 *>;
L100: rng a0 = {1} by FINSEQ_1:38;
then L200: a0 is non empty FinSequence of REAL by FINSEQ_1:def 4;
for r being Real st r in rng a0 holds 0 < r by L100;
then a0 is positive by PARTFUN3:def 1;
hence ex a being non empty FinSequence of REAL st a is positive
by L200;
end;
end;
definition
let a be FinSequence of REAL;
attr a is at_most_one means
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds a . i <= 1;
end;
registration
cluster at_most_one for non empty positive FinSequence of REAL;
existence
proof
set a0 = <* 1 *>;
rng a0 = {1} by FINSEQ_1:38;
then L250: for r being Real st r in rng a0 holds 0 < r;
reconsider a0 as non empty positive FinSequence of REAL
by FINSEQ_1:def 4,L250,PARTFUN3:def 1;
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a0 holds a0 . i <= 1
proof
let i be Nat;
assume that
L400: 1 <= i and
L410: i <= len a0;
len a0 = 1 by FINSEQ_1:40;
then i = 1 by L410,L400,XXREAL_0:1;
hence a0 . i <= 1 by FINSEQ_1:def 8;
end;
then a0 is at_most_one;
hence ex a being non empty positive FinSequence of REAL
st a is at_most_one;
end;
end;
theorem NF100:
for f being FinSequence of NAT, j, b being Nat holds
b = j implies (f ^ <* b *>) " {j} = f " {j} \/ {len f + 1}
proof
let f be FinSequence of NAT, j, b be Nat;
assume A130: b = j;
for z being object holds
( z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j}) iff z in (f " {j} \/ {len f + 1}))
proof
let z be object;
hereby
assume A200: z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j});
then ( z in dom (f ^ <* b *>) & (f ^ <* b *>) . z in {j} )
by FUNCT_1:def 7;
then per cases by FINSEQ_1:25;
suppose B00: z in dom f;
then (f ^ <* b *>) . z = f . z by FINSEQ_1:def 7;
then f . z in {j} by A200,FUNCT_1:def 7;
then z in f " {j} by B00,FUNCT_1:def 7;
hence z in (f " {j} \/ {len f + 1}) by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
suppose ex n being Nat st n in dom <* b *> & z = (len f) + n;
then consider n1 being Nat such that
B60: n1 in dom <* b *> & z = (len f) + n1;
n1 = 1 by B60,FINSEQ_1:90;
then z in {len f + 1} by B60,TARSKI:def 1;
hence z in (f " {j} \/ {len f + 1}) by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
end;
assume z in (f " {j} \/ {len f + 1});
then z in f " {j} or z in {len f + 1} by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then per cases by FUNCT_1:def 7;
suppose B00: ( z in dom f & f . z in {j} );
A319: dom f c= dom (f ^ <* b *>) by FINSEQ_1:26;
(f ^ <* b *>) . z in {j} by B00,FINSEQ_1:def 7;
hence ( z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j})) by A319,B00,FUNCT_1:def 7;
end;
suppose z in {len f + 1};
then B60: z = len f + 1 by TARSKI:def 1;
dom <* b *> = {1} by FINSEQ_1:def 8,FINSEQ_1:2;
then 1 in dom <* b *> by TARSKI:def 1;
then B69: len f + 1 in dom (f ^ <* b *>) by FINSEQ_1:28;
(f ^ <* b *>) . z = j by B60,FINSEQ_1:42,A130;
then (f ^ <* b *>) . z in {j} by ZFMISC_1:31;
hence thesis by B69,B60,FUNCT_1:def 7;
end;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
theorem NF110:
for f being FinSequence of NAT, j, b being Nat holds
b <> j implies (f ^ <* b *>) " {j} = f " {j}
proof
let f be FinSequence of NAT, j, b be Nat;
assume A130: b <> j;
for z being object holds
( z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j}) iff z in (f " {j}))
proof
let z be object;
hereby
assume A200: z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j});
then A210: ( z in dom (f ^ <* b *>) & (f ^ <* b *>) . z in {j} )
by FUNCT_1:def 7;
A240: not z in dom (f ^ <* b *>)
or z in dom f
or ex n being Nat st
( n in dom <* b *> & z = (len f) + n ) by FINSEQ_1:25;
A260: not ex n being Nat st n in dom <* b *> & z = (len f) + n
proof
now given n1 being Nat such that
B10: n1 in dom <* b *> & z = (len f) + n1;
dom <* b *> = Seg 1 by FINSEQ_1:def 8;
then n1 = 1 by B10,FINSEQ_1:2,TARSKI:def 1;
then B50: (f ^ <* b *>) . z = b by B10,FINSEQ_1:42;
not b in {j} by A130,TARSKI:def 1;
hence contradiction by B50,FUNCT_1:def 7,A200;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
(f ^ <* b *>) . z = f . z
by A240,FUNCT_1:def 7,A200,A260,FINSEQ_1:def 7;
hence z in (f " {j}) by A240,A210,A260,FUNCT_1:def 7;
end;
assume z in (f " {j});
then A310: z in dom f & f . z in {j} by FUNCT_1:def 7;
A315: dom f c= dom (f ^ <* b *>) by FINSEQ_1:26;
f . z = (f ^ <* b *>) . z by A310,FINSEQ_1:def 7;
hence z in ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j}) by A315,A310,FUNCT_1:def 7;
end;
hence ((f ^ <* b *>) " {j}) = f " {j} by TARSKI:2;
end;
theorem NF120:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
p being set, i being Nat st
(p \/ {i}) c= dom a &
(for m being Nat st m in p holds m < i) holds
Seq (a | (p \/ {i})) = Seq (a | p) ^ <* a . i *>
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, p be set, i be Nat;
assume that
A00: p \/ {i} c= dom a and
A05: for m being Nat st m in p holds m < i;
A20: dom (a | (p \/ {i})) = p \/ {i} by A00,RELAT_1:62;
reconsider api = a | (p \/ {i}) as FinSubsequence;
A32: p c= dom a by A00,XBOOLE_1:11;
i in dom a by A00,XBOOLE_1:11,ZFMISC_1:31;
then A34: 1 <= i & i <= len a by FINSEQ_3:25;
A35: p c= Seg len a by A32,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
i in Seg i by A34;
then A36: {i} c= Seg i by ZFMISC_1:31;
A40: for m, n being Nat st m in p & n in {i} holds m < n
proof
let m, n be Nat;
assume that
B00: m in p and
B10: n in {i};
n = i by B10,TARSKI:def 1;
hence m < n by B00,A05;
end;
A41: for z being object holds not z in p /\ {i}
proof
let z be object;
now assume z in p /\ {i};
then C10: z in p & z in {i} by XBOOLE_0:def 4;
then z = i by TARSKI:def 1;
hence contradiction by C10,A05;
end;
hence not z in p /\ {i};
end;
A50: Sgm (p \/ {i})
= (Sgm p) ^ (Sgm {i}) by A35,A36,A40,FINSEQ_3:42
.= (Sgm p) ^ <* i *> by A34,FINSEQ_3:44;
set sgmp = Sgm p, poi = p \/ {i};
i in {i} by ZFMISC_1:31;
then reconsider i as Element of poi by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
A57: rng sgmp = p by A35,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
reconsider sgmp as FinSequence of poi by XBOOLE_1:7,A57,FINSEQ_1:def 4;
A58: rng a c= REAL;
rng api c= rng a by RELAT_1:70;
then rng api c= REAL by A58;
then reconsider api as Function of poi,REAL by A20,FUNCT_2:2;
A60: (a | (p \/ {i})) * (Sgm (p \/ {i})) = (api * sgmp) ^ <* api . i *>
by A50,FINSEQOP:8;
A65: api = (a | p) \/ (a | {i}) by RELAT_1:78;
reconsider api as PartFunc of NAT,REAL;
set apai = (a | p) \/ (a | {i});
A70: api * (Sgm p) = (((a | p) * (Sgm p)) \/ ((a | {i}) * (Sgm p)))
by A65,RELAT_1:32;
A75: dom (a | p) = p by A00,XBOOLE_1:11,RELAT_1:62;
A82: p misses {i} by A41,XBOOLE_0:def 1;
dom (a | {i}) = {i} by A00,XBOOLE_1:11,RELAT_1:62;
then (a | {i}) * (Sgm p) = {} by A57,A82,RELAT_1:44;
hence thesis by A20,A60,A70,A75,FUNCT_1:49;
end;
theorem NF200:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT, j, b being Nat st
len f + 1 <= len a holds
b = j implies
SumBin (a, f ^ <* b *>, {j}) = SumBin (a, f, {j}) + a . (len f + 1)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f be FinSequence of NAT, j, b be Nat;
assume A10: len f + 1 <= len a;
assume A15: b = j;
len (f ^ <* b *>) = len f + 1 by FINSEQ_2:16;
then A20: dom (f ^ <* b *>) c= dom a by A10,FINSEQ_3:30;
(f ^ <* b *>) " {j} c= dom (f ^ <* b *>) by RELAT_1:132;
then A30: (f ^ <* b *>) " {j} c= dom a by A20;
A40: (f ^ <* b *>) " {j} = f " {j} \/ {len f + 1} by A15,NF100;
A59: for m being Nat st m in f " {j} holds m < len f + 1
proof
let m be Nat;
assume B00: m in f " {j};
f " {j} c= dom f by RELAT_1:132;
then m <= len f by B00,FINSEQ_3:25;
hence m < len f + 1 by NAT_1:13;
end;
Seq (a , (f ^ <* b *>) " {j})
= Seq (a | (f ^ <* b *>) " {j})
.= Seq (a | f " {j}) ^ <* a . (len f + 1) *> by A30,A40,A59,NF120
.= Seq (a , f " {j}) ^ <* a . (len f + 1) *>;
hence thesis by RVSUM_1:74;
end;
theorem
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT, j, b being Nat st
len f + 1 <= len a holds
b <> j implies
SumBin (a, f ^ <* b *>, {j}) = SumBin (a, f, {j}) by NF110;
theorem NF260:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a holds
SumBin (a, f, rng f) = Sum a
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, f be FinSequence of NAT;
assume L00: dom f = dom a;
L200: f " (rng f) = dom f by RELAT_1:134;
Seq (a, f " (rng f)) = Seq (a | dom a) by L200,L00
.= a by FINSEQ_3:116;
hence SumBin (a, f, rng f) = Sum a;
end;
theorem NF270:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT, s, t being set st s misses t holds
SumBin (a, f, s \/ t) = SumBin (a, f, s) + SumBin (a, f, t)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f be FinSequence of NAT, s, t be set;
assume
L08: s misses t;
set U = f " s, V = f " t;
reconsider F = a as PartFunc of NAT,REAL;
A200: dom (F | (U \/ V)) is finite;
A290: for W be set holds Sum (F, W) = Sum (Seq (a, W))
proof
let W be set;
dom (F | (W /\ W)) is finite;
then A310: (a | W), FinS (F,W) are_fiberwise_equipotent
by RFUNCT_3:def 13;
reconsider fssu = a | W as Subset of a by RELAT_1:59;
A320: Seq fssu, fssu are_fiberwise_equipotent by DBLSEQ_2:51;
thus Sum (F, W) = Sum FinS (F,W) by RFUNCT_3:def 14
.= Sum Seq (a, W) by A310,A320,CLASSES1:76,RFINSEQ:9;
end;
A610: Sum (F,U) = SumBin (a, f, s) by A290;
A620: Sum (F,V) = SumBin (a, f, t) by A290;
Sum (F,(U \/ V))
= Sum (Seq (a, (f " s \/ f " t))) by A290
.= SumBin (a, f, s \/ t) by RELAT_1:140;
hence SumBin (a, f, s \/ t) = SumBin (a, f, s) + SumBin (a, f, t)
by A200,L08,FUNCT_1:71,RFUNCT_3:83,A610,A620;
end;
theorem NF280:
for a being non empty positive FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT, s being set holds
0 <= SumBin (a, f, s)
proof
let a be non empty positive FinSequence of REAL,
f be FinSequence of NAT, s be set;
reconsider seqaxs = Seq (a, f " s) as real-valued FinSequence;
for i being Nat st i in dom seqaxs holds 0 <= seqaxs . i
proof
let i be Nat;
assume i in dom seqaxs; then
L300: seqaxs . i in rng seqaxs by FUNCT_1:3;
L400: rng seqaxs = rng (Seq (a | f " s))
.= rng (a | f " s) by FINSEQ_1:101;
rng (a | f " s) c= rng a by RELAT_1:70;
hence thesis by L300,L400,PARTFUN3:def 1;
end;
hence 0 <= SumBin (a, f, s) by RVSUM_1:84;
end;
theorem NF290:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT, s be set st
s misses rng f holds
SumBin (a, f, s) = 0
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f be FinSequence of NAT, s be set;
assume L033: s misses rng f;
reconsider emptyrealseq = <*> REAL as FinSequence of REAL;
Seq (a, {}) = Seq (a | {})
.= emptyrealseq;
hence SumBin (a, f, s) = 0 by L033,RELAT_1:138,RVSUM_1:72;
end;
begin :: Optimal Packing
theorem NF300:
for a being non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL holds
ex k being Nat st
ex f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) &
k = card rng f
proof
let a be non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
set k1 = len a, f1 = idseq k1;
L591: for j being Nat st j in rng f1 holds SumBin (a, f1, {j}) <= 1
proof
let j be Nat;
assume L5910: j in rng f1; then
L59115: {j} c= Seg k1 by ZFMISC_1:31;
then L5913: f1 " {j} = {j} by FUNCT_2:94;
then f1 " {j} c= dom a by L59115,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then L5918: a | (f1 " {j}) = {[j, a . j]}
by L5913,ZFMISC_1:31,GRFUNC_1:28;
dom {[j, a . j]} = {j} by RELAT_1:9;
then {[j, a . j]} is FinSubsequence-like by L5910,ZFMISC_1:31;
then reconsider jaj = {[j, a . j]} as FinSubsequence;
Seq (a, (f1 " {j}))
= Seq jaj by L5918
.= <* a . j *> by FINSEQ_3:157;
then L5919: SumBin (a, f1, {j}) = a . j by RVSUM_1:73;
L59192: 1 <= j & j <= len a by L5910,FINSEQ_1:1;
a is at_most_one;
hence SumBin (a, f1, {j}) <= 1 by L5919,L59192;
end;
L592: rng f1 = Seg k1;
take k1;
ex f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) &
k1 = card rng f
proof
reconsider f1 as non empty FinSequence of NAT by L592,FINSEQ_1:def 4;
take f1;
thus thesis by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L591,FINSEQ_1:57;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem NF305:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
ex fr being FinSequence of NAT st
dom fr = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng fr holds SumBin (a, fr, {j}) <= 1) &
(ex k being Nat st rng fr = Seg k) &
card rng f = card rng fr
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, f be FinSequence of NAT;
assume that
DM00: dom f = dom a and
FS00: for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1;
reconsider gix = Sgm0 (rng f) as XFinSequence of NAT;
reconsider gi = XFS2FS gix as one-to-one Function;
L040: rng gi = rng gix by AFINSQ_1:97
.= rng f by AFINSQ_2:def 4;
reconsider g = gi " as one-to-one Function;
L400: dom g = rng f by FUNCT_1:33,L040; then
reconsider fr0 = g * f as FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:16;
L500: rng fr0 = rng g by L400,RELAT_1:28;
L520: rng fr0 = rng g by L400,RELAT_1:28
.= dom gi by FUNCT_1:33;
consider k0 being Nat such that
L530: dom gi = Seg k0 by FINSEQ_1:def 2;
reconsider fr0 as FinSequence of NAT by L520,L530,FINSEQ_1:def 4;
take fr0;
thus dom fr0 = dom a by L400,RELAT_1:27,DM00;
thus for j being Nat st j in rng fr0 holds SumBin (a, fr0, {j}) <= 1
proof
let j0 be Nat;
assume L710: j0 in rng fr0;
set j1 = (g ") . j0;
j0 in dom (g ") by L710,L500,FUNCT_1:33;
then L749: j1 in rng (g ") by FUNCT_1:3;
then L750: j1 in dom g by FUNCT_1:33;
L760: j1 in rng f by L749,FUNCT_1:43,L040;
L761: j0 = g . j1 by L710,L500,FUNCT_1:32;
for x being object holds x in {j1} iff ( x in dom g & g . x in {j0} )
proof
let x be object;
hereby
assume L762: x in {j1};
hence x in dom g by TARSKI:def 1,L750;
g . x = j0 by L762,TARSKI:def 1,L761;
hence g . x in {j0} by TARSKI:def 1;
end;
assume that
L764: x in dom g and
L765: g . x in {j0};
g . x = j0 by L765,TARSKI:def 1;
then x = j1 by L764,FUNCT_1:32;
hence x in {j1} by TARSKI:def 1;
end;
then g " {j0} = {j1} by FUNCT_1:def 7;
then SumBin (a, fr0, {j0}) = SumBin (a, f, {j1}) by RELAT_1:146;
hence SumBin (a, fr0, {j0}) <= 1 by L760,FS00;
end;
thus ex k being Nat st rng fr0 = Seg k by L520,L530;
card dom gi = card (rng (gi ")) by FUNCT_1:33
.= card rng fr0 by L400,RELAT_1:28;
hence card rng f = card rng fr0 by CARD_1:70,L040;
end;
LM003:
for a being non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL holds
ex opt being Element of NAT st
ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
opt = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt <= card rng f)
proof
let a be non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
defpred P1[Nat] means
ex f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) &
$1 = card rng f;
L50: ex k being Nat st P1[k] by NF300;
consider k1 being Nat such that
L60: P1[k1] and
L62: (for n being Nat st P1[n] holds k1 <= n) from NAT_1:sch 5(L50);
consider optP being non empty FinSequence of NAT such that
L70: dom optP = dom a and
L71: for j being Nat st j in rng optP holds SumBin (a, optP, {j}) <= 1
and
L74: k1 = card rng optP by L60;
reconsider k1 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
take k1;
take optP;
thus thesis by L70,L71,L74,L62;
end;
LM004:
for a being non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL
for opt1, opt2 being Element of NAT st
(ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
opt1 = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt1 <= card rng f))
&
(ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
opt2 = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt2 <= card rng f))
holds opt1 = opt2
proof
let a be non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
let opt1, opt2 be Element of NAT;
assume that
L000: ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
opt1 = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt1 <= card rng f)
and
L001: ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
opt2 = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt2 <= card rng f);
consider g1 being non empty FinSequence of NAT such that
L010: dom g1 = dom a and
L011: (for j being Nat st j in rng g1 holds SumBin (a, g1, {j}) <= 1) and
L012: opt1 = card rng g1 and
L013: (for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt1 <= card rng f) by L000;
consider g2 being non empty FinSequence of NAT such that
L020: dom g2 = dom a and
L021: (for j being Nat st j in rng g2 holds SumBin (a, g2, {j}) <= 1) and
L022: opt2 = card rng g2 and
L023: (for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
opt2 <= card rng f) by L001;
L050: opt1 <= opt2 by L020,L021,L013,L022;
opt2 <= opt1 by L010,L011,L023,L012;
hence opt1 = opt2 by L050,XXREAL_0:1;
end;
definition
let a be non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
func Opt(a) -> Element of NAT means
:defOpt:
ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
it = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
it <= card rng f);
existence by LM003;
uniqueness by LM004;
end;
theorem NF310:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL, f being FinSequence of NAT,
k being Nat, R1 being real-valued FinSequence st
dom f = dom a & (rng f = Seg k) & len R1 = k &
(for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j = SumBin (a, f, {j})) holds
Sum R1 = SumBin (a, f, rng f)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, f be FinSequence of NAT,
k be Nat, R1 be real-valued FinSequence;
assume that
L00: dom f = dom a and
L30: rng f = Seg k and
L40: len R1 = k and
L41: for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j = SumBin (a, f, {j});
A00: dom R1 = Seg k by L40,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
rng f <> {} by L00,RELAT_1:42;
then 0 < k by L30;
then A94: 0 + 1 <= k by INT_1:7;
defpred P[Nat] means
for r1segi being real-valued FinSequence st
r1segi = R1 | (Seg $1) holds
Sum r1segi = SumBin (a, f, Seg $1);
reconsider k as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
for r1segi being real-valued FinSequence st
r1segi = R1 | (Seg 1) holds
Sum r1segi = SumBin (a, f, Seg 1)
proof
let r1seg1 be real-valued FinSequence;
assume A10: r1seg1 = R1 | (Seg 1);
then A18: dom r1seg1 = Seg 1 by A94,L40,FINSEQ_1:17;
A19: 1 in dom R1 by A00,A94;
1 in Seg 1;
then A20: r1seg1 . 1 = R1 . 1 by A10,FUNCT_1:49
.= SumBin (a, f, Seg 1) by A19,L41,FINSEQ_1:2;
r1seg1 = <* SumBin (a, f, Seg 1) *> by A18,A20,FINSEQ_1:def 8;
hence Sum r1seg1 = SumBin (a, f, Seg 1) by RVSUM_1:73;
end;
then A30: P[1];
A60: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < k & P[i] holds P[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
1 <= i0 and
A62: i0 < k and
A63: P[i0];
reconsider r1segi0 = R1 | (Seg i0) as real-valued FinSequence
by FINSEQ_1:15;
reconsider r1segi0p = R1 | (Seg (i0 + 1)) as real-valued FinSequence
by FINSEQ_1:15;
A733: 1 <= i0 + 1 by NAT_1:12;
i0 + 1 <= k by A62,INT_1:7;
then A74: i0 + 1 in dom R1 by A733,A00;
then A80: Sum r1segi0p
= Sum (r1segi0 ^ <* (R1 . (i0 + 1)) *>) by FINSEQ_5:10
.= Sum r1segi0 + (R1 . (i0 + 1)) by RVSUM_1:74
.= Sum r1segi0 + SumBin (a, f, {i0 + 1}) by A74,L41;
SumBin (a, f, Seg (i0 + 1))
= SumBin (a, f, Seg i0 \/ {i0 + 1}) by FINSEQ_1:9
.= SumBin (a, f, Seg i0) + SumBin (a, f, {i0 + 1})
by FINSEQ_3:14,NF270
.= Sum r1segi0p by A63,A80;
hence for r1segi being real-valued FinSequence st
r1segi = R1 | (Seg (i0 + 1)) holds
Sum r1segi = SumBin (a, f, Seg (i0 + 1));
end;
A89: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= k holds P[i]
from INT_1:sch 7(A30,A60);
R1 = R1 | (dom R1)
.= R1 | (Seg k) by L40,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
hence Sum R1 = SumBin (a, f, rng f) by L30,A94,A89;
end;
theorem NF320:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
f being FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
[/ (Sum a) \] <= card rng f
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, f be FinSequence of NAT;
assume that
L00: dom f = dom a and
L10: for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1;
consider fr being FinSequence of NAT such that
L25: dom fr = dom a and
L26: for j being Nat st j in rng fr holds SumBin (a, fr, {j}) <= 1 and
L27: ex k being Nat st rng fr = Seg k and
L28: card rng f = card rng fr by L00,L10,NF305;
consider i being Nat such that
L29: rng fr = Seg i by L27;
deffunc FR(Nat) = SumBin (a, fr, {$1});
ex p being FinSequence st
(len p = i &
(for j being Nat st j in dom p holds p . j = FR(j)))
from FINSEQ_1:sch 2;
then consider R1 being FinSequence such that
L40: len R1 = i and
L41: for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j = SumBin (a, fr, {j});
for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j in REAL
proof
let j be Nat;
assume j in dom R1;
then R1 . j = SumBin (a, fr, {j}) by L41;
hence R1 . j in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
then L55: R1 is FinSequence of REAL by NF315;
R1 is i -element by L40;
then reconsider R1 as real-valued i -element FinSequence by L55;
reconsider R2 = (i |-> 1) as real-valued i -element FinSequence;
for j being Nat st j in Seg i holds R1 . j <= R2 . j
proof
let j be Nat;
assume L71: j in Seg i;
Seg i = dom R1 by L40,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then L78: R1 . j = SumBin (a, fr, {j}) by L71,L41;
R2 . j = 1 by L71,FINSEQ_2:57;
hence R1 . j <= R2 . j by L78,L26,L29,L71;
end;
then L80: Sum R1 <= Sum R2 by RVSUM_1:82;
L90: Sum R1 = SumBin (a, fr, rng fr) by L25,L29,L40,L41,NF310;
Sum R2 = i * 1 by RVSUM_1:80
.= card rng f by L29,FINSEQ_1:57,L28;
then Sum a <= card rng f by L80,L90,L25,NF260;
hence [/ (Sum a) \] <= card rng f by INT_1:65;
end;
theorem NF330:
for a being non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL holds
[/ Sum a \] <= Opt a
proof
let a be non empty at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
consider g1 being non empty FinSequence of NAT such that
L00: dom g1 = dom a and
L10: (for j being Nat st j in rng g1 holds SumBin (a, g1, {j}) <= 1) and
L20: Opt a = card rng g1 and
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1)
holds Opt a <= card rng f) by defOpt;
thus [/ Sum a \] <= Opt a by L00,L10,NF320,L20;
end;
begin :: Online Algorithms
LM001:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT holds
ex h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
len h = len a & h . 1 = <* 1 *> &
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL, d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = h . i & h . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> )
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT;
defpred P[object , object , object] means
ex d0 be Element of NAT, d1 be Element of REAL, d2 being Element of NAT*
st $1 = d0 & d1 = a . (d0 + 1) & $2 = d2 &
$3 = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>;
reconsider I1 = <* 1 *> as Element of NAT* by FINSEQ_1:def 11;
A1: for n0 being Nat st 1 <= n0 & n0 < len a holds
for f being Element of NAT*
ex y being Element of NAT* st P[n0,f,y]
proof
let n0 be Nat;
assume L01: 1 <= n0 & n0 < len a;
let f be Element of NAT*;
n0 + 1 <= len a by L01,NAT_1:13;
then L018: Seg (n0 + 1) c= Seg (len a) by FINSEQ_1:5;
n0 + 1 in Seg len a by L018,FINSEQ_1:3;
then n0 + 1 in dom a by FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then a . (n0 + 1) in rng a by FUNCT_1:3;
then reconsider dd1 = a . (n0 + 1) as Element of REAL;
reconsider L = Alg . (dd1, f) as Element of NAT;
reconsider y = f ^ <*L*> as Element of NAT* by FINSEQ_1:def 11;
FC99: ex d0 be Element of NAT, d1 be Element of REAL,
d2 being Element of NAT* st
n0 = d0 & d1 = a . (d0 + 1) & f = d2 & y = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>
proof
reconsider n0 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
take n0, dd1, f;
thus thesis;
end;
take y;
thus thesis by FC99;
end;
consider H being FinSequence of NAT* such that
A2: (len H = len a & (H . 1 = I1 or len a = 0) &
(for n being Nat st 1 <= n & n < len a
holds P[n, H . n, H . (n + 1)])) from RECDEF_1:sch 4(A1);
reconsider H as non empty FinSequence of NAT* by A2;
take H;
thus len H = len a & H.1 = <*1*> by A2;
thus for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = H . i &
H . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>
proof
let i be Nat;
assume 1 <= i & i < len a; then
ex d0 be Element of NAT, d1 be Element of REAL, d2 being Element of NAT*
st i = d0 & d1 = a . (d0 + 1) & H.i = d2 &
H.(i+1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> by A2;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
LM002:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT holds
for f,y be non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
( len f = len a & f.1 = <*1*> &
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = f . i &
f . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> )
&
( len y = len a & y.1 = <*1*> &
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = y . i &
y . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> )
holds f = y
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT;
let f,y be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume that
B1: len f = len a & f.1 = <*1*> &
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = f . i &
f . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> and
B2: len y = len a & y.1 = <*1*> &
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = y . i &
y . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>;
for k being Nat st k in dom f holds f . k = y . k
proof
let k be Nat;
assume B41:k in dom f;
then B42: 1 <= k & k <= len a by B1,FINSEQ_3:25;
defpred P[Nat] means f.($1) = y.($1);
F1: P[1] by B1,B2;
F2: for j being Element of NAT st 1 <= j & j < len a &
(for j2 being Element of NAT st 1 <= j2 & j2 <= j holds P[j2])
holds P[j+1]
proof
let j be Element of NAT;
assume that
F21: 1 <= j & j < len a and
F22: for j2 being Element of NAT st 1 <= j2 & j2 <= j holds P[j2];
F23: ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (j + 1) & d2 = f . j &
f . (j + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> by B1,F21;
F24: ex d1 being Element of REAL,d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (j + 1) & d2 = y . j &
y . (j + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> by B2,F21;
f . j = y . j by F21,F22;
hence thesis by F23,F24;
end;
for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds P[i]
from INT_1:sch 8(F1,F2);
hence thesis by B41,B42;
end;
hence thesis by B1,B2,FINSEQ_2:9;
end;
definition
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT;
func OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) -> non empty FinSequence of NAT*
means
:defPackHistory:
len it = len a &
it . 1 = <* 1 *> &
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
ex d1 being Element of REAL, d2 being FinSequence of NAT
st d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = it . i &
it . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>;
existence by LM001;
uniqueness by LM002;
end;
theorem
for a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT holds
(OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg)) . 1 = {[1, 1]} by defPackHistory;
theorem NF502:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1}) = a . 1
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HC00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
L010: h . 1 = {[1, 1]} by HC00,defPackHistory;
1 in Seg 1;
then (a | 1) . 1 = a . 1 by FUNCT_1:49;
then L049: a | 1 = <* a . 1 *> by FINSEQ_1:40;
L055: Seq (a, {1}) = Seq (a | {1})
.= <* a . 1 *> by L049,FINSEQ_1:2,FINSEQ_3:157;
thus SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1})
= SumBin (a, {[1, 1]}, {1}) by defPackHistory,L010,FINSEQ_1:def 8
.= Sum (Seq (a , {1})) by NF501
.= a . 1 by L055,RVSUM_1:73;
end;
theorem NF505:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
h . i is FinSequence of NAT)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HC00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
let i be Nat;
assume that
L000: 1 <= i and
L001: i <= len a;
L023: i <= len h by HC00,defPackHistory,L001;
reconsider i as Element of dom h by L000,L023,FINSEQ_3:25;
h . i is FinSequence of NAT;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem NF510:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds len (h . i) = i)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume L00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
defpred P[Nat] means
len (h . $1) = $1;
h . 1 = <* 1 *> by L00,defPackHistory;
then L05: P[1] by FINSEQ_1:39;
L08:for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < len a & P[i] holds
P[i+1]
proof
let im be Element of NAT;
assume that
L10: 1 <= im & im < len a and
L15: len (h . im) = im;
consider d1 being Element of REAL, d2 being FinSequence of NAT
such that
L20: d1 = a . (im + 1) & d2 = h . im and
L30: h . (im + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *>
by L00,L10,defPackHistory;
len (h . (im + 1))
= len (h . im) + len (<* Alg . (a . (im + 1), h . im) *>)
by L20,L30,FINSEQ_1:22
.= im + 1 by FINSEQ_1:39,L15;
hence thesis;
end;
L800: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds P[i]
from INT_1:sch 7(L05,L08);
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds P[i]
proof
let i be Nat;
assume that
L810: 1 <= i and
L811: i <= len a;
i in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence thesis by L810,L811,L800;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem NF520:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
h . (i + 1) = (h . i) ^ <* Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) *> &
(h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1) = Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i))
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume L00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
let i be Nat;
assume L10: 1 <= i & i < len a;
consider d1 being Element of REAL, d2 being FinSequence of NAT
such that
L20: d1 = a . (i + 1) & d2 = h . i and
L30: h . (i + 1) = d2 ^ <* Alg . (d1, d2) *> by L00,L10,defPackHistory;
thus h . (i + 1) = (h . i) ^ <* Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) *>
by L20,L30;
len (h . i) = i by L00,L10,NF510;
hence (h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1) = Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i)
by L20,L30,FINSEQ_1:42;
end;
theorem NF525:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a holds
rng (h . (i + 1)) = rng (h . i) \/ {(h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1)})
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume L00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
let i be Nat;
assume 1 <= i & i < len a;
then h . (i + 1) = (h . i) ^ <* Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) *> &
(h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1) = Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) by L00,NF520;
hence rng (h . (i + 1))
= (rng (h . i)) \/ (rng <* (h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1) *>) by FINSEQ_1:31
.= rng (h . i) \/ {(h . (i + 1)) . (i + 1)} by FINSEQ_1:38;
end;
theorem NF530:
for a being non empty positive FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) holds
(for i, l being Nat st
1 <= i & i < len a holds
SumBin (a, h . i, {l}) <= SumBin (a, h . (i + 1), {l}))
proof
let a be non empty positive FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HC00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
let i, l be Nat;
assume that
L000: 1 <= i and
L001: i < len a;
L120: h . i is FinSequence of NAT by HC00,L000,L001,NF505;
L147: i + 1 <= len a by L001,NAT_1:13;
then L150: len (h . i) + 1 <= len a by HC00,L000,L001,NF510;
i + 1 in dom a by L147,XREAL_1:38,FINSEQ_3:25;
then a . (i + 1) in rng a by FUNCT_1:3;
then reconsider aip = a . (i + 1) as Element of REAL;
reconsider hi = h . i as Element of NAT* by L120,FINSEQ_1:def 11;
L190: Alg . (aip, hi) is Nat;
per cases;
suppose L200: Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) = l;
L279: SumBin (a, h . (i + 1), {l})
= SumBin (a, (h . i) ^ <* Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) *>, {l})
by HC00,L000,L001,NF520
.= SumBin (a, h . i, {l}) + a . (len (h . i) + 1)
by L120,L150,L200,NF200;
len (h . i) + 1 in dom a by XREAL_1:38,L150,FINSEQ_3:25;
hence thesis by L279,RVSUM_3:def 1,XREAL_1:29;
end;
suppose L500: Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) <> l;
reconsider b = Alg . (a . (i + 1), h . i) as Nat by L190;
SumBin (a, h . (i + 1), {l})
= SumBin (a, (h . i) ^ <* b *>, {l}) by HC00,L000,L001,NF520
.= SumBin (a, h . i, {l}) by L120,L500,NF110;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
LM008:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT holds
OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) . (len OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg))
is non empty FinSequence of NAT
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, Alg be Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT;
set h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
L150: 1 <= len h by NAT_1:14;
L170: len h = len a by defPackHistory;
then len (h . (len h)) = len h by L150,NF510;
hence h . (len h) is non empty FinSequence of NAT by L150,L170,NF505;
end;
definition
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL, Alg be Function of [:REAL,NAT*:],NAT;
func OnlinePacking(a, Alg) -> non empty FinSequence of NAT
equals
OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg) . (len OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg));
coherence by LM008;
end;
theorem NF540:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT*,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT holds
dom OnlinePacking(a, Alg) = dom a
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
Alg be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*, f be non empty FinSequence of NAT;
set f = OnlinePacking(a, Alg), h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, Alg);
L220: len h = len a by defPackHistory;
1 <= len h by NAT_1:14;
then len (h . (len h)) = len h by L220,NF510;
hence dom f = dom a by L220,FINSEQ_3:29;
end;
begin :: Feasibility of Algorithm NextFit
LM020:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL holds
(ex nf being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT st
(for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf . (s, f) = f . (len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf . (s, f) = f.(len f) + 1)))
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL;
defpred P1[object, object, object] means
ex s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT st $1 = s & $2 = f &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies $3 = f . (len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies $3 = f . (len f) + 1);
A1: for s, f being object st s in REAL & f in NAT* holds
ex z being object st z in NAT & P1[s, f, z]
proof
let s, f be object;
assume that
L030: s in REAL and
L031: f in NAT*;
reconsider s0 = s as Real by L030;
reconsider f0 = f as FinSequence of NAT by L031,FINSEQ_1:def 11;
per cases;
suppose L050: s0 + SumBin (a, f0, {f0 . (len f0)}) <= 1;
take z = f0 . (len f0);
thus z in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
thus P1[s, f, z] by L050;
end;
suppose L060: s0 + SumBin (a, f0, {f0 . (len f0)}) > 1;
take z = f0 . (len f0) + 1;
thus z in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
thus P1[s, f, z] by L060;
end;
end;
consider nf being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT such that
L100: for s, f being object st s in REAL & f in NAT* holds
P1[s, f, nf . (s, f)] from BINOP_1:sch 1(A1);
take nf;
thus for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf . (s, f) = f.(len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf . (s, f) = f.(len f) + 1)
proof
let s be Real, f be FinSequence of NAT;
f in NAT* by FINSEQ_1:def 11;
then consider s0 being Real, f0 being FinSequence of NAT such that
L350: s = s0 & f = f0 &
(s0 + SumBin (a,f0,{f0.(len f0)}) <= 1 implies nf.(s,f) = f0.(len f0)) &
(s0 + SumBin (a,f0,{f0.(len f0)}) > 1 implies nf.(s,f) = f0.(len f0) + 1)
by XREAL_0:def 1,L100;
thus
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf.(s, f) = f.(len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf.(s, f) = f.(len f)+1)
by L350;
end;
end;
LM021:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL holds
for nf1, nf2 being Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT st
(for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf1 . (s, f) = f . (len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf1 . (s, f) = f.(len f) + 1))
&
(for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf2 . (s, f) = f . (len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf2 . (s, f) = f.(len f) + 1))
holds nf1 = nf2
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
nf1, nf2 be Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT;
assume that
L000: (for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf1 . (s, f) = f.(len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf1 . (s, f) = f.(len f)+1))
and
L001: (for s being Real, f being FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies nf2 . (s, f) = f.(len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies nf2 . (s, f) = f.(len f)+1));
for s, f being set st s in REAL & f in NAT* holds nf1.(s, f) = nf2.(s, f)
proof
let s, f be set;
assume that
L030: s in REAL and
L031: f in NAT*;
reconsider s0 = s as Real by L030;
reconsider f0 = f as FinSequence of NAT by L031,FINSEQ_1:def 11;
per cases;
suppose L050: s0 + SumBin (a, f0, {f0 . (len f0)}) <= 1;
hence nf1 . (s, f) = f0 . (len f0) by L000
.= nf2 . (s, f) by L001,L050;
end;
suppose L060: s0 + SumBin (a, f0, {f0 . (len f0)}) > 1;
hence nf1 . (s, f) = f0 . (len f0) + 1 by L000
.= nf2 . (s, f) by L001,L060;
end;
end;
hence nf1 = nf2;
end;
definition
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL;
func NextFit(a) -> Function of [:REAL, NAT*:],NAT
means
:defNextFit:
for s be Real, f be FinSequence of NAT holds
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) <= 1 implies it . (s, f) = f . (len f)) &
(s + SumBin (a, f, {f . (len f)}) > 1 implies it . (s, f) = f . (len f) + 1);
existence by LM020;
uniqueness by LM021;
end;
theorem NF805:
for a being non empty FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
(for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
ex k being Nat st rng (h . i) = Seg k & (h . i) . i = k)
proof
let a be non empty FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
defpred RNGISSEG[Nat] means
ex k being Nat st rng (h . $1) = Seg k & (h . $1) . $1 = k;
OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) . 1 = {[1, 1]} by defPackHistory;
then L219: rng (h . 1) = {1} by HN00,RELAT_1:9;
L289: h . 1 = <* 1 *> by defPackHistory,HN00;
L300: RNGISSEG[1] by L219,FINSEQ_1:2,L289,FINSEQ_1:def 8;
L400: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < len a & RNGISSEG[i]
holds RNGISSEG[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
L410: 1 <= i0 and
L411: i0 < len a and
L412: RNGISSEG[i0];
reconsider hi0 = h . i0 as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L410,L411,NF505;
reconsider i0p = i0 + 1 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
L074: 1 + 0 <= i0 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
L076: i0p <= len a by L411,NAT_1:13;
reconsider hi0p = h . i0p as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L074,L076,NF505;
consider k0 being Nat such that
L427: rng hi0 = Seg k0 and
L428: (h . i0) . i0 = k0 by L412;
L090: len (h . i0) = i0 by HN00,L410,L411,NF510;
L100: (a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) <= 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) = hi0 . i0) &
(a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) > 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) = hi0 . i0 + 1) by L090,defNextFit;
ex k being Nat st rng (h . i0p) = Seg k & (h . i0p) . i0p = k
proof
per cases;
suppose L500: a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) > 1;
rng hi0p = Seg k0 \/ {hi0p . i0p} by HN00,L410,L411,NF525,L427;
then rng hi0p
= Seg k0 \/ {k0 + 1} by HN00,L410,L411,NF520,L100,L500,L428
.= Seg (k0 + 1) by FINSEQ_1:9;
hence ex k being Nat st rng (h . i0p) = Seg k & (h . i0p) . i0p = k
by HN00,L410,L411,NF520,L100,L500,L428;
end;
suppose L700: a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) <= 1;
now assume not 1 <= k0; then
k0 < 0 + 1;
then k0 <= 0 by NAT_1:13;
then hi0 = {} by L427;
hence contradiction by HN00,L410,L411,NF510;
end;
then L739: k0 in Seg k0;
rng hi0p
= rng hi0 \/ {hi0p . i0p} by HN00,L410,L411,NF525
.= Seg k0 \/ {k0} by L427,HN00,L410,L411,NF520,L100,L700,L428
.= Seg k0 by L739,ZFMISC_1:31,XBOOLE_1:12;
hence ex k being Nat st rng (h . i0p) = Seg k & (h . i0p) . i0p = k
by HN00,L410,L411,NF520,L100,L700,L428;
end;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
L800: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds RNGISSEG[i]
from INT_1:sch 7(L300,L400);
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds RNGISSEG[i]
proof
let i be Nat;
assume that
L810: 1 <= i and
L811: i <= len a;
i in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence thesis by L810,L811,L800;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem NF880:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
SumBin (a, h . i, {(h . i) . i}) <= 1
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
defpred TAILISFEASIBLE[Nat] means
SumBin (a, h . $1, {(h . $1) . $1}) <= 1;
SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1}) <= 1
proof
L005: 1 <= len a by NAT_1:14;
L060: SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1}) = a . 1 by HN00,NF502;
a is at_most_one;
hence SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1}) <= 1 by L005,L060;
end;
then L300: TAILISFEASIBLE[1];
L400: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < len a & TAILISFEASIBLE[i]
holds TAILISFEASIBLE[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
L410: 1 <= i0 and
L411: i0 < len a and
TAILISFEASIBLE[i0];
reconsider hi0 = h . i0 as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L410,L411,NF505;
reconsider i0p = i0 + 1 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
L074: 1 + 0 <= i0 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
L076: i0p <= len a by L411,NAT_1:13;
reconsider hi0p = h . i0p as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L074,L076,NF505;
consider k0 being Nat such that
L427: rng hi0 = Seg k0 and
L428: (h . i0) . i0 = k0 by HN00,L410,L411,NF805;
L080: hi0p = hi0 ^ <* (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) *>
by HN00,L410,L411,NF520;
L081: hi0p . i0p = (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) by HN00,L410,L411,NF520;
L090: len (h . i0) = i0 by HN00,L410,L411,NF510;
L094: len hi0 + 1 = i0p by HN00,L410,L411,NF510;
L100: (a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) <= 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) = hi0 . i0) &
(a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) > 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) = hi0 . i0 + 1) by L090,defNextFit;
SumBin (a, h . i0p, {(h . i0p) . i0p}) <= 1
proof
per cases;
suppose a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) > 1;
L599: SumBin (a, hi0 ^ <* hi0p . i0p *>, {hi0p . i0p}) =
SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0p . i0p}) + a . ((len hi0) + 1)
by L094,L076,NF200;
not k0 + 1 in Seg k0 by XREAL_1:29,FINSEQ_1:1;
then L619: SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0 + 1}) = 0
by L427,L428,ZFMISC_1:50,NF290;
a is at_most_one;
hence thesis by L619,L100,L081,L599,L080,L074,L076,L094;
end;
suppose L700: a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) <= 1;
SumBin (a, hi0p, {hi0p . i0p})
= SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0p . i0p}) + a . ((len hi0) + 1)
by L094,L076,NF200,L080,L081
.= SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) + a . i0p
by L090,defNextFit,L700,L081;
hence thesis by L700;
end;
end;
hence TAILISFEASIBLE[i0 + 1];
end;
L900: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
TAILISFEASIBLE[i] from INT_1:sch 7(L300,L400);
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds TAILISFEASIBLE[i]
proof
let i be Nat;
assume that
L910: 1 <= i and
L911: i <= len a;
i in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence TAILISFEASIBLE[i] by L910,L911,L900;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem NF890:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
for i, j being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a & j in rng (h . i) holds
SumBin (a, h . i, {j}) <= 1
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume that HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
defpred P[Nat] means
for j being Nat st j in rng (h . $1) holds SumBin (a, h . $1, {j}) <= 1;
for j being Nat st j in rng (h . 1) holds SumBin (a, h . 1, {j}) <= 1
proof
let j be Nat;
assume FF000: j in rng (h . 1);
FF005: 1 <= len a by NAT_1:14;
h . 1 = {[1, 1]} by HN00,defPackHistory;
then rng (h . 1) = {1} by RELAT_1:9;
then FF020: j = 1 by FF000,TARSKI:def 1;
h . 1 = <* 1 *> by HN00,defPackHistory;
then (h . 1) . 1 = 1 by FINSEQ_1:def 8;
hence SumBin (a, h . 1, {j}) <= 1 by FF005,HN00,NF880,FF020;
end;
then F1: P[1];
F2: for i0 being Element of NAT st 1 <= i0 & i0 < len a & P[i0]
holds P[i0 + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
F21: 1 <= i0 & i0 < len a and
F22: P[i0];
set i0p = i0 + 1;
F26: i0p <= len a by F21,INT_1:7;
for j being Nat st j in rng (h . i0p) holds SumBin (a, h . i0p, {j}) <= 1
proof
let j be Nat;
assume I00: j in rng (h . i0p);
rng (h . i0p) = rng (h . i0) \/ {(h . i0p) . i0p} by HN00,F21,NF525;
then rng (h . i0p) =
(rng (h . i0) \ {(h . i0p) . i0p}) \/ {(h . i0p) . i0p} by XBOOLE_1:39;
then per cases by I00,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
suppose IA00: j in (rng (h . i0) \ {(h . i0p) . i0p});
IA05: j <> (h . i0p) . i0p by IA00,ZFMISC_1:56;
IA09: h . i0p = (h . i0) ^ <* (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, h . i0) *> &
(h . i0p) . i0p = (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, h . i0) by HN00,F21,NF520;
set f = h . i0;
IA35: f is FinSequence of NAT by HN00,F21,NF505;
IA36: h . i0p is FinSequence of NAT by HN00,XREAL_1:31,F26,NF505;
set b = (h . i0p) . i0p;
SumBin (a, h . i0p, {j}) = SumBin (a, f, {j})
by IA09,IA05,IA35,IA36,NF110;
hence SumBin (a, h . i0p, {j}) <= 1 by IA00,F22;
end;
suppose j in {(h . i0p) . i0p};
then j = (h . i0p) . i0p by TARSKI:def 1;
hence SumBin (a, h . i0p, {j}) <= 1 by HN00,XREAL_1:31,F26,NF880;
end;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
L900: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds P[i]
from INT_1:sch 7(F1,F2);
thus for i, j being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a & j in rng (h . i) holds
SumBin (a, h . i, {j}) <= 1
proof
let i, j be Nat;
assume that
L910: 1 <= i & i <= len a and
L912: j in rng (h . i);
i in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence SumBin (a, h . i, {j}) <= 1 by L910,L900,L912;
end;
end;
theorem
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) holds
for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT;
assume HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a));
let j be Nat;
assume L002: j in rng f;
set h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
reconsider i = len h as Nat;
L200: 1 <= i by NAT_1:14;
i <= len a by defPackHistory;
hence SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1 by L200,L002,HL00,NF890;
end;
begin :: Approximation Guarantee of Algorithm NextFit
theorem NF807:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
(for i, k being Nat st
1 <= i & i <= len a & rng (h . i) = Seg k holds (h . i) . i = k)
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
let i, k be Nat;
assume that
L410: 1 <= i and
L415: i <= len a and
L417: rng (h . i) = Seg k;
consider k0 being Nat such that
L427: rng (h . i) = Seg k0 and
L428: (h . i) . i = k0 by HN00,L410,L415,NF805;
thus thesis by L417,L427,FINSEQ_1:6,L428;
end;
theorem NF815:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
(for i, k being Nat st 1 <= i & i < len a &
rng (h . i) = Seg k & rng (h . (i + 1)) = Seg (k + 1) holds
SumBin (a, (h . (i + 1)), {k}) + SumBin (a, (h . (i + 1)), {k + 1}) > 1)
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
let i, k be Nat;
assume that
L060: 1 <= i and
L061: i < len a and
L062: rng (h . i) = Seg k and
L063: rng (h . (i + 1)) = Seg (k + 1);
reconsider hi = h . i as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L060,L061,NF505;
L030: hi <> {} by HN00,L060,L061,NF510;
L013: now assume not 1 <= k;
then k < 0 + 1;
then k <= 0 by NAT_1:13;
hence contradiction by L062,L030;
end;
reconsider ip = i + 1 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
L074: 1 + 0 <= i + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
L076: ip <= len a by L061,NAT_1:13;
reconsider hip = h . ip as FinSequence of NAT by HN00,L074,L076,NF505;
L080: hip = hi ^ <* (NextFit(a)) . (a . ip, hi) *> by HN00,L060,L061,NF520;
L081: hip . ip = (NextFit(a)) . (a . ip, hi) by HN00,L060,L061,NF520;
L100: (a . ip + SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)}) <= 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . ip, hi) = hi . (len hi)) &
(a . ip + SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)}) > 1 implies
(NextFit(a)) . (a . ip, hi) = hi . (len hi) + 1) by defNextFit;
L499: now assume not a . ip + SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)}) > 1;
then L140: hip . ip = hi . (len hi) by L081,defNextFit
.= hi . i by HN00,L060,L061,NF510
.= k by HN00,L060,L061,L062,NF807;
L149: k in Seg k by L013;
rng (h . (i + 1)) = rng (h . i) \/ {k} by HN00,L060,L061,NF525,L140
.= Seg k by L062,L149,ZFMISC_1:31,XBOOLE_1:12;
then k = k + 1 by L063,FINSEQ_1:6;
hence contradiction;
end;
reconsider kp = k + 1 as Nat;
len (h . ip) = ip by HN00,L074,L076,NF510;
then L540: (h . ip) . (len (h . ip)) = k + 1 by HN00,L074,L076,L063,NF807;
L559: len (hi ^ <* hi . (len hi) + 1 *>)
= (len hi) + (len <* hi . (len hi) + 1 *>) by FINSEQ_1:22
.= (len hi) + 1 by FINSEQ_1:40;
L599: (h . ip) . (len (h . ip)) = hi . (len hi) + 1
by FINSEQ_1:42,L100,L499,L080,L559;
L649: len hi = ip - 1 by HN00,L060,L061,NF510;
L670: len hi + 1 <= len a by HN00,L060,L061,NF510,L076;
k + 1 <> k;
then L700: SumBin (a, (h . ip), {k}) = SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)})
by L100,L499,L080,L599,L540,NF110;
L799: SumBin (a, hi ^ <* k + 1 *>, {k + 1}) =
SumBin (a, hi, {k + 1}) + a . ((len hi) + 1) by L670,NF200;
0 <= SumBin (a, hi, {k + 1}) by NF280;
then a . ip + SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)}) + 0 <=
a . ip + SumBin (a, hi, {hi . (len hi)}) + SumBin (a, hi, {k + 1})
by XREAL_1:7;
hence
SumBin (a, (h . (i + 1)), {k}) + SumBin (a, (h . (i + 1)), {k + 1}) > 1
by L499,L700,L799,L599,L540,L100,L080,L649,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
theorem NF820:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
(for i, l, k being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a &
rng (h . i) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k holds
SumBin (a, (h . i), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i), {l + 1}) > 1)
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
defpred EVERYPAIRBIG[Nat] means
for l being Nat, k being Nat st
rng (h . $1) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k holds
SumBin (a, (h . $1), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . $1), {l + 1}) > 1;
for l being Nat, k being Nat st
rng (h . 1) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k holds
SumBin (a, (h . 1), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . 1), {l + 1}) > 1
proof
let l be Nat, k be Nat;
assume that
L110: rng (h . 1) = Seg k and
L111: 2 <= k and
1 <= l & l < k;
Seg k = rng <* 1 *> by L110,HN00,defPackHistory
.= {1} by FINSEQ_1:38;
then k = 1 by FINSEQ_3:20;
hence thesis by L111;
end;
then L100: EVERYPAIRBIG[1];
L400: for i0 being Element of NAT st
1 <= i0 & i0 < len a & EVERYPAIRBIG[i0]
holds EVERYPAIRBIG[i0 + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
L410: 1 <= i0 and
L411: i0 < len a and
L412: EVERYPAIRBIG[i0];
ex k being Nat st rng (h . i0) = Seg k & (h . i0) . i0 = k
by HN00,L410,L411,NF805;
then consider k being Nat such that
L427: rng (h . i0) = Seg k;
for l being Nat, k being Nat st
rng (h . (i0 + 1)) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k holds
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) > 1
proof
let l be Nat, kp be Nat;
assume that
L430: rng (h . (i0 + 1)) = Seg kp and
L431: 2 <= kp and
L432: 1 <= l and
L433: l < kp;
I20: rng (h . (i0 + 1)) = rng (h . i0) \/ {(h . (i0 + 1)) . (i0 + 1)}
by HN00,L410,L411,NF525;
set f = (h . (i0 + 1)) . (i0 + 1);
per cases by L427,L430,I20,NF600;
suppose kp = k;
then
L540: SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) > 1
by L427,L431,L432,L433,L412;
L550: SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) <= SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l})
by HN00,L410,L411,NF530;
SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) <=
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) by HN00,L410,L411,NF530;
then
SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) +
SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) <=
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) +
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) by L550,XREAL_1:7;
hence SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) +
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) > 1 by L540,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
suppose L600: kp = k + 1;
set jay = kp - 2;
2 - 2 <= kp - 2 by L431,XREAL_1:9;
then jay in NAT by INT_1:3;
then reconsider jay as Nat;
l + 1 <= kp by L433,NAT_1:13;
then l + 1 - 1 <= kp - 1 by XREAL_1:9;
then l <= jay + 1;
then per cases by NAT_1:8;
suppose L700: l <= kp - 2;
1 <= kp - 2 by L432,L700,XXREAL_0:2;
then L709: 1 + 1 <= (k + 1) - 2 + 1 by XREAL_1:6,L600;
0 + l < 1 + (k + 1 - 2) by L600,L700,XREAL_1:8;
then
L740: SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) > 1
by L427,L709,L432,L412;
L750: SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) <= SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l})
by HN00,L410,L411,NF530;
SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) <=
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) by HN00,L410,L411,NF530;
then
SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i0), {l + 1}) <=
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l+1})
by L750,XREAL_1:7;
hence
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) +
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) > 1 by L740,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
suppose l = kp - 1;
hence SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l}) +
SumBin (a, (h . (i0 + 1)), {l + 1}) > 1
by HN00,L410,L411,L427,L600,L430,NF815;
end;
end;
end;
hence EVERYPAIRBIG[i0 + 1];
end;
L900: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
EVERYPAIRBIG[i] from INT_1:sch 7(L100,L400);
thus for i, l, k being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a &
rng (h . i) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k holds
SumBin (a, (h . i), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i), {l + 1}) > 1
proof
let i, l, k be Nat;
assume that
L910: 1 <= i & i <= len a and
L911: rng (h . i) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= l & l < k;
i in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence thesis by L910,L900,L911;
end;
end;
theorem NF830:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT* st
h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)) holds
(for i, j, k be Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a &
rng (h . i) = Seg k & 2 <= k & 1 <= j & j <= k div 2 holds
SumBin (a, (h . i), {2 * j - 1}) + SumBin (a, (h . i), {2 * j}) > 1)
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*;
assume HN00: h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
let i, j, k be Nat;
assume that
L100: 1 <= i and
L101: i <= len a and
L200: rng (h . i) = Seg k and
L201: 2 <= k and
L202: 1 <= j and
L203: j <= k div 2;
set l = 2 * j - 1;
L298: 2 * 1 <= 2 * j by L202,XREAL_1:64;
then L299: 2 * 1 - 1 <= 2 * j - 1 by XREAL_1:9;
L320: k mod 2 >= 0 by INT_1:57;
((k div 2) * 2) + (k mod 2) = k by INT_1:59;
then L339: ((k div 2) * 2) + (k mod 2) - (k mod 2) <= k - 0
by L320,XREAL_1:13;
2 * j <= 2 * (k div 2) by L203,XREAL_1:64;
then 2 * j <= k by L339,XXREAL_0:2;
then 2 * j < k + 1 by NAT_1:13;
then L399: 2 * j - 1 < k + 1 - 1 by XREAL_1:14;
reconsider l as Nat by L298;
SumBin (a, (h . i), {l}) + SumBin (a, (h . i), {l + 1}) > 1
by HN00,L100,L101,L200,L201,L299,L399,NF820;
hence SumBin (a, (h . i), {2 * j - 1}) + SumBin (a, (h . i), {2 * j}) > 1;
end;
theorem NF910:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h being non empty FinSequence of NAT*,
f being FinSequence of NAT st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) holds
ex k being Nat st rng f = Seg k
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
h be non empty FinSequence of NAT*, f be FinSequence of NAT;
assume HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a));
set h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a)), i = len h;
L200: 1 <= i by NAT_1:14;
L220: i <= len a by defPackHistory;
ex k being Nat st rng (h . i) = Seg k & (h . i) . i = k by L200,L220,NF805;
hence ex k being Nat st rng f = Seg k by HL00;
end;
theorem NF950:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT, k being Nat st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) & rng f = Seg k holds
(for j being Nat st 1 <= j & j <= k div 2 holds
SumBin (a, f, {2 * j - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * j}) > 1)
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT, k be Nat;
assume that
HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) and
BN00: rng f = Seg k;
set h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
let j be Nat;
assume that
L202: 1 <= j and
L203: j <= k div 2;
k <> 0 by BN00;
then per cases by NAT_1:23;
suppose k = 1;
hence thesis by NAT_D:27,L202,L203;
end;
suppose L60: 2 <= k;
set i = len h;
L220: len h = len a by defPackHistory;
1 <= len h by NAT_1:14;
hence SumBin (a, f, {2 * j - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * j}) > 1
by L220,NF830,L60,L202,L203,HL00,BN00;
end;
end;
theorem NF960:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT, k being Nat st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) & k = card rng f holds
k div 2 < Sum a
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT, k be Nat;
assume that
HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) and
BK00: k = card rng f;
consider k0 being Nat such that
B00: rng f = Seg k0 by HL00,NF910;
BN00: rng f = Seg k by FINSEQ_1:57,BK00,B00;
L00: dom f = dom a by HL00,NF540;
per cases by BK00,NAT_1:23;
suppose L55: k = 1;
L57: for n being Nat st n in dom a holds 0 <= a . n by RVSUM_3:def 1;
L575: len a >= 1 by FINSEQ_1:20;
a is positive;
then 0 < a . 1 by L575,FINSEQ_3:25;
then 0 < Sum a by L57,L575,FINSEQ_3:25,RVSUM_1:85;
hence k div 2 < Sum a by L55,NAT_D:27;
end;
suppose L60: 2 <= k;
set kd2 = k div 2;
reconsider kd2 as Element of NAT by INT_1:55,INT_1:3;
2 div 2 <= k div 2 by L60,NAT_2:24;
then L80: 1 <= kd2 by NAT_2:3;
deffunc FSBP(Nat) =
SumBin (a, f, {2 * $1 - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * $1});
ex p being FinSequence st
(len p = kd2 &
(for i being Nat st i in dom p holds p . i = FSBP(i)))
from FINSEQ_1:sch 2;
then consider SBP being FinSequence such that
L100: len SBP = kd2 and
L101: for i being Nat st i in dom SBP holds
SBP . i = SumBin (a, f, {2 * i - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i});
deffunc FSB(Nat) = SumBin (a, f, {$1});
ex p being FinSequence st
(len p = 2 * kd2 &
(for j being Nat st j in dom p holds p . j = FSB(j)))
from FINSEQ_1:sch 2;
then consider SB being FinSequence such that
L150: len SB = 2 * kd2 and
L151: for j being Nat st j in dom SB holds
SB . j = SumBin (a, f, {j});
for i being Nat st i in dom SBP holds SBP . i in REAL
proof
let i be Nat;
assume i in dom SBP;
then SBP . i = SumBin (a, f, {2 * i - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i})
by L101;
hence SBP . i in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
then LSBP55: SBP is FinSequence of REAL by NF315;
SBP is kd2 -element by L100;
then reconsider SBP as real-valued kd2 -element FinSequence by LSBP55;
for j being Nat st j in dom SB holds SB . j in REAL
proof
let j be Nat;
assume j in dom SB;
then SB . j = SumBin (a, f, {j}) by L151;
hence SB . j in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
then LSB55: SB is FinSequence of REAL by NF315;
SB is (2 * kd2) -element by L150;
then reconsider SB as real-valued (2 * kd2) -element FinSequence
by LSB55;
set R2 = (kd2 |-> 1);
reconsider R2 as real-valued kd2 -element FinSequence;
L170: Sum R2 = kd2 * 1 by RVSUM_1:80;
L175: for i being Nat st i in Seg kd2 holds R2 . i < SBP . i
proof
let i be Nat;
assume LR271: i in Seg kd2;
Seg kd2 = dom SBP by L100,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then LR278: SBP . i =
SumBin (a, f, {2 * i - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i}) by LR271,L101;
LR279: R2 . i = 1 by LR271,FINSEQ_2:57;
1 <= i & i <= k div 2 by LR271,FINSEQ_1:1;
hence R2 . i < SBP . i by HL00,BN00,NF950,LR278,LR279;
end;
L180: for i being Nat st i in Seg kd2 holds R2 . i <= SBP . i by L175;
ex i being Nat st i in Seg kd2 & R2 . i < SBP . i
proof
reconsider i0 = 1 as Nat;
take i0;
i0 in Seg kd2 by L80;
hence thesis by L175;
end;
then L200: kd2 < Sum SBP by L180,RVSUM_1:83,L170;
defpred SSBPEQSB[Nat] means
for SBPi being real-valued FinSequence,
SBi being real-valued FinSequence st
SBPi = SBP | (Seg $1) & SBi = SB | (Seg (2 * $1)) holds
Sum SBPi = Sum SBi;
for SBP1 being real-valued FinSequence,
SB1 being real-valued FinSequence st
SBP1 = SBP | (Seg 1) & SB1 = SB | (Seg (2 * 1)) holds
Sum SBP1 = Sum SB1
proof
let sbp1 be real-valued FinSequence, sb1 be real-valued FinSequence;
assume that
B00: sbp1 = SBP | (Seg 1) and
B01: sb1 = SB | (Seg (2 * 1));
Seg kd2 = dom SBP by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L100;
then B140: 1 in dom SBP by L80;
1 in Seg 1;
then B160: sbp1 . 1
= SBP . 1 by B00,FUNCT_1:49
.= SumBin (a, f, {2 * 1 - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * 1}) by B140,L101
.= SumBin (a, f, {1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2});
dom sbp1 = Seg 1 by L100,L80,B00,FINSEQ_1:17;
then B180: sbp1 = <* SumBin (a, f, {1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2}) *>
by B160,FINSEQ_1:def 8;
B220: Seg (2 * kd2) = dom SB by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L150;
B229: 1 * 2 <= kd2 * 2 by XREAL_1:64,L80;
then 2 - 1 <= (2 * kd2) - 0 by XREAL_1:13;
then B240: 1 in dom SB by B220;
B241: 2 in dom SB by B229,B220;
B250: 1 in Seg 2;
B251: 2 in Seg 2;
B260: sb1 . 1
= SB . 1 by B01,B250,FUNCT_1:49
.= SumBin (a, f, {1}) by B240,L151;
B261: sb1 . 2
= SB . 2 by B01,B251,FUNCT_1:49
.= SumBin (a, f, {2}) by B241,L151;
B263: 1 * 2 <= kd2 * 2 by XREAL_1:64,L80;
len sb1
= min (2,(len SB)) by B01,FINSEQ_2:21
.= 2 by B263,L150,XXREAL_0:def 9;
then B280: sb1 = <* SumBin (a, f, {1}), SumBin (a, f, {2}) *>
by B260,B261,FINSEQ_1:44;
Sum sbp1
= SumBin (a, f, {1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2}) by B180,RVSUM_1:73
.= Sum sb1 by B280,RVSUM_1:77;
hence thesis;
end;
then L230: SSBPEQSB[1];
L260: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < kd2 & SSBPEQSB[i]
holds SSBPEQSB[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
1 <= i0 and
A262: i0 < kd2 and
A263: SSBPEQSB[i0];
reconsider sbpi0 = SBP | (Seg i0)
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
reconsider sbi0 = SB | (Seg (2 * i0))
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
reconsider sbpi0p = SBP | (Seg (i0 + 1))
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
reconsider sbi0p = SB | (Seg (2 * (i0 + 1)))
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
reconsider sbi0h = SB | (Seg (2 * i0 + 1))
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
A270: 1 <= i0 + 1 by NAT_1:12;
A271: i0 + 1 <= kd2 by A262,INT_1:7;
i0 + 1 in Seg kd2 by A270,A271;
then A272: i0 + 1 in dom SBP by L100,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then A274: SBP . (i0 + 1) =
SumBin (a, f, {2 * (i0 + 1) - 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * (i0 + 1)})
by L101;
A280: Sum sbpi0p
= Sum (sbpi0 ^ <* (SBP . (i0 + 1)) *>) by A272,FINSEQ_5:10
.= Sum sbpi0 + (SBP . (i0 + 1)) by RVSUM_1:74
.= Sum sbpi0 +
SumBin (a, f, {2 * i0 + 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i0 + 2})
by A274;
A300: 1 <= 2 * i0 + 2 by NAT_1:12;
A304: 2 * (i0 + 1) <= 2 * kd2 by A271,XREAL_1:64;
2 * (i0 + 1) in Seg (2 * kd2) by A300,A304;
then A320: 2 * i0 + 2 in dom SB by L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
A330: 1 <= 2 * i0 + 1 by NAT_1:12;
(2 * i0 + 2) - 1 <= (2 * kd2) - 0 by A304,XREAL_1:13;
then 2 * i0 + 1 in Seg (2 * kd2) by A330;
then A340: 2 * i0 + 1 in dom SB by L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
A370: SB | (Seg (2 * (i0 + 1)))
= SB | (Seg (2 * i0 + 1 + 1))
.= sbi0h ^ <* (SB . (2 * i0 + 2)) *> by A320,FINSEQ_5:10;
A380: sbi0h
= sbi0 ^ <* (SB . (2 * i0 + 1)) *> by A340,FINSEQ_5:10;
A390: Sum sbi0h
= Sum sbi0 + (SB . (2 * i0 + 1)) by A380,RVSUM_1:74
.= Sum sbi0 + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i0 + 1}) by A340,L151;
Sum sbi0p
= Sum sbi0h + (SB . (2 * i0 + 2)) by A370,RVSUM_1:74
.= Sum sbi0 + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i0 + 1}) + SumBin (a, f, {2 * i0 + 2})
by A320,L151,A390;
hence for SBPi being real-valued FinSequence,
SBi being real-valued FinSequence st
SBPi = SBP | (Seg (i0 + 1)) & SBi = SB | (Seg (2 * (i0 + 1)))
holds Sum SBPi = Sum SBi by A280,A263;
end;
L289: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= kd2 holds SSBPEQSB[i]
from INT_1:sch 7(L230,L260);
L298: SBP
= SBP | (dom SBP)
.= SBP | (Seg kd2) by L100,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
SB
= SB | (dom SB)
.= SB | (Seg (2 * kd2)) by L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then L300: Sum SBP = Sum SB by L80,L298,L289;
deffunc F(Nat) = SumBin (a, f, {$1});
ex p being FinSequence st
(len p = k &
(for j being Nat st j in dom p holds p . j = F(j)))
from FINSEQ_1:sch 2;
then consider R1 being FinSequence such that
LL40: len R1 = k and
LL41: for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j = SumBin (a, f, {j});
for j being Nat st j in dom R1 holds R1 . j in REAL
proof
let j be Nat;
assume j in dom R1;
then R1 . j = SumBin (a, f, {j}) by LL41;
hence R1 . j in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
then LL55: R1 is FinSequence of REAL by NF315;
R1 is k -element by LL40;
then reconsider R1 as real-valued k -element FinSequence by LL55;
L500: Sum SB <= Sum R1
proof
per cases;
suppose L530: k is even;
L539: k div 2 = k / 2 by L530,NAT_6:4;
SB = R1
proof
L5505: dom R1 = Seg (2 * kd2) by LL40,L539,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
L5510: dom SB = Seg (2 * kd2) by L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
for k0 being Nat st k0 in dom SB holds SB . k0 = R1 . k0
proof
let k0 be Nat;
assume L55310: k0 in dom SB;
SB . k0 = SumBin (a, f, {k0}) by L55310,L151;
hence SB . k0 = R1 . k0 by L55310,L5505,L5510,LL41;
end;
hence SB = R1 by L5505,L5510,FINSEQ_1:13;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
suppose L560: k is odd;
L569: k div 2 = (k - 1) / 2 by L560,NAT_6:5;
reconsider r12kd2 = R1 | (Seg (2 * kd2))
as real-valued FinSequence by FINSEQ_1:15;
L580: SB = r12kd2
proof
2 * kd2 + 1 - 1 <= k - 0 by L569,XREAL_1:13;
then L5805: dom r12kd2 = Seg (2 * kd2) by LL40,FINSEQ_1:17;
L5810: dom SB = Seg (2 * kd2) by L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
for k0 being Nat st k0 in dom SB holds SB . k0 = r12kd2 . k0
proof
let k0 be Nat;
assume L58310: k0 in dom SB;
L58329: dom r12kd2 c= dom R1 by RELAT_1:60;
k0 in Seg (2 * kd2) by L58310,L150,FINSEQ_1:def 3;
then r12kd2 . k0
= R1 . k0 by FUNCT_1:49
.= SumBin (a, f, {k0}) by L58329,L58310,L5805,L5810,LL41;
hence SB . k0 = r12kd2 . k0 by L58310,L151;
end;
hence SB = r12kd2 by L5805,L5810,FINSEQ_1:13;
end;
L584: Seg (2 * kd2 + 1) = dom R1 by LL40,FINSEQ_1:def 3,L569;
2 * 0 + 1 <= 2 * kd2 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
then L587: 2 * kd2 + 1 in dom R1 by L584;
R1
= R1 | (dom R1)
.= R1 | (Seg (2 * kd2 + 1)) by LL40,FINSEQ_1:def 3,L569
.= r12kd2 ^ <* R1 . (2 * kd2 + 1) *> by L587,FINSEQ_5:10
.= SB ^ <* SumBin (a, f, {2 * kd2 + 1}) *> by L587,LL41,L580;
then Sum R1 = Sum SB + SumBin (a, f, {2 * kd2 + 1}) by RVSUM_1:74;
then SumBin (a, f, {2 * kd2 + 1}) = Sum R1 - Sum SB;
then Sum SB <= Sum R1 - 0 by NF280,XREAL_1:11;
hence Sum SB <= Sum R1;
end;
end;
Sum R1
= SumBin (a, f, rng f) by L00,FINSEQ_1:57,BK00,B00,LL40,LL41,NF310
.= Sum a by L00,NF260;
hence thesis by L200,L300,L500,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
end;
theorem NF980:
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT, k being Nat st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) & k = card rng f holds
k <= 2 * [/ Sum a \] - 1
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT, k be Nat;
assume that
HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) and
BK00: k = card rng f;
Sum a <= [/ Sum a \] by INT_1:def 7;
then k div 2 < [/ Sum a \] by HL00,BK00,NF960,XXREAL_0:2;
then k div 2 + 1 <= [/ Sum a \] by INT_1:7;
then F29: k div 2 + 1 - 1 <= [/ Sum a \] - 1 by XREAL_1:9;
F40: (k - 1) / 2 <= k div 2
proof
per cases;
suppose k is even;
then FF150: k div 2 = k / 2 by NAT_6:4;
k - 1 <= k - 0 by XREAL_1:10;
hence (k - 1) / 2 <= k div 2 by XREAL_1:72,FF150;
end;
suppose k is odd;
hence (k - 1) / 2 <= k div 2 by NAT_6:5;
end;
end;
(k - 1) / 2 <= [/ Sum a \] - 1 by F29,F40,XXREAL_0:2;
then ((k - 1) / 2) * 2 <= ([/ Sum a \] - 1) * 2 by XREAL_1:64;
then k - 1 + 1 <= 2 * [/ Sum a \] - 2 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
hence k <= 2 * [/ Sum a \] - 1;
end;
theorem
for a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT, k being Nat st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) & k = card rng f holds
k <= 2 * Opt a - 1
proof
let a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT, k be Nat;
assume that
HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) and
BK00: k = card rng f;
F200: k <= 2 * [/ Sum a \] - 1 by HL00,BK00,NF980;
2 * [/ Sum a \] <= 2 * Opt a by NF330,XREAL_1:64;
then 2 * [/ Sum a \] - 1 <= 2 * Opt a - 1 by XREAL_1:9;
hence k <= 2 * Opt a - 1 by F200,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
begin :: Tightness of Approximation Guarantee of Algorithm NextFit
theorem NF993:
for n being Nat, epsilon being Real,
a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
n is odd & len a = n & epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) &
(for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon)) &
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) holds
n = card rng f
proof
let n be Nat, epsilon be Real,
a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT;
assume that
L010: n is odd and
L030: len a = n and
L040: epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) and
L050: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon) and
HL00: f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a));
L020: 1 <= n by L010,NF992;
set h = OnlinePackingHistory(a, NextFit(a));
defpred ODDEVENHIST[Nat] means
($1 is odd implies
SumBin (a, h . $1, {(h . $1) . $1}) = 2 * epsilon) &
($1 is even implies
SumBin (a, h . $1, {(h . $1) . $1}) = 1 - epsilon) &
(h . $1) . $1 = $1 & rng (h . $1) = Seg $1;
L300: ODDEVENHIST[1]
proof
L305: h . 1 = <* 1 *> by defPackHistory;
L324: 1 = 2 * 0 + 1;
L332: 1 in Seg n by L020;
SumBin (a, h . 1, {(h . 1) . 1})
= a . 1 by NF502
.= 2 * epsilon by L324,L332,L050;
hence thesis by L305,FINSEQ_1:def 8,FINSEQ_1:39,FINSEQ_1:2,L324;
end;
L400: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < len a & ODDEVENHIST[i]
holds ODDEVENHIST[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
L410: 1 <= i0 and
L411: i0 < len a and
L412: ODDEVENHIST[i0];
reconsider i0p = i0 + 1 as Nat;
L469: 1 + 0 <= i0 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
L480: i0p <= n by L411,L030,NAT_1:13; then
L490: i0p in Seg n by L469;
reconsider hi0 = h . i0 as FinSequence of NAT by L410,L411,NF505;
reconsider hi0p = h . i0p as FinSequence of NAT by L469,L030,L480,NF505;
L496: hi0p = hi0 ^ <* (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) *> &
hi0p . i0p = (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) by L410,L411,NF520;
L498: len hi0 = i0 by L410,L411,NF510;
L500: i0p is odd implies
hi0p . i0p = i0p & rng hi0p = Seg i0p &
SumBin (a, h . i0p, {(h . i0p) . i0p}) = 2 * epsilon
proof
assume L510: i0p is odd;
then a . i0p = 2 * epsilon by L050,L490;
then L542: a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) = 1 + epsilon
by L510,L412;
L549: 0 + 1 < epsilon + 1 by XREAL_1:139,L040,XREAL_1:6;
L580: hi0p . i0p
= (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) by L410,L411,NF520
.= hi0 . i0 + 1 by L549,L542,L498,defNextFit;
hence hi0p . i0p = i0p by L412;
thus rng hi0p = rng hi0 \/ {hi0p . i0p} by L410,L411,NF525
.= Seg i0p by L580,L412,FINSEQ_1:9;
not i0 + 1 in Seg i0 by XREAL_1:29,FINSEQ_1:1;
then L590: SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0 + 1}) = 0
by L412,ZFMISC_1:50,NF290;
SumBin (a, hi0p, {hi0p . i0p})
= SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0p . i0p}) + a . (len hi0 + 1)
by L496,L498,L480,L030,NF200
.= a . (i0 + 1) by L580,L590,L410,L411,NF510
.= 2 * epsilon by L490,L510,L050;
hence SumBin (a, h . i0p, {(h . i0p) . i0p}) = 2 * epsilon;
end;
i0p is even implies
hi0p . i0p = i0p & rng hi0p = Seg i0p &
SumBin (a, hi0p, {hi0p . i0p}) = 1 - epsilon
proof
assume L710: i0p is even;
then L720: a . i0p = 1 - epsilon by L050,L490;
L742: a . i0p + SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0}) = 1 + epsilon
by L720,L710,L412;
L749: 0 + 1 < epsilon + 1 by XREAL_1:139,L040,XREAL_1:6;
L780: hi0p . i0p
= (NextFit(a)) . (a . i0p, hi0) by L410,L411,NF520
.= hi0 . i0 + 1 by L742,L498,defNextFit,L749;
hence hi0p . i0p = i0p by L412;
thus rng hi0p = rng hi0 \/ {hi0p . i0p} by L410,L411,NF525
.= Seg i0p by L780,L412,FINSEQ_1:9;
not i0 + 1 in Seg i0 by XREAL_1:29,FINSEQ_1:1;
then L790: SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0 . i0 + 1}) = 0
by L412,ZFMISC_1:50,NF290;
SumBin (a, hi0p, {hi0p . i0p})
= SumBin (a, hi0, {hi0p . i0p}) + a . (len hi0 + 1)
by L496,L498,L480,L030,NF200
.= a . (i0 + 1) by L780,L790,L410,L411,NF510
.= 1 - epsilon by L490,L710,L050;
hence SumBin (a, hi0p, {hi0p . i0p}) = 1 - epsilon;
end;
hence ODDEVENHIST[i0 + 1] by L500;
end;
L899: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
ODDEVENHIST[i] from INT_1:sch 7(L300,L400);
L902: f = h . n by HL00,defPackHistory,L030;
thus n = card Seg n by FINSEQ_1:57
.= card rng f by L020,L030,L899,L902;
end;
theorem NF994:
for n being Nat, epsilon being Real,
a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL st
n is odd & len a = n & epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) &
(for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon)) holds
Sum a = (n + 1) / 2 + 1 / (n + 1) - 1 / 2
proof
let n be Nat, epsilon be Real,
a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
assume that
L010: n is odd and
L030: len a = n and
L040: epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) and
L050: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon);
L020: 1 <= n by L010,NF992;
L060: (n + 1) div 2 = (n + 1) / 2 by L010,NF992;
defpred ODDEVENSUM[Nat] means
($1 is odd implies
Sum (a | $1)
= 2 * epsilon * (($1 + 1) div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * (($1 + 1) div 2 - 1)) &
($1 is even implies
Sum (a | $1) = 2 * epsilon * ($1 div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * ($1 div 2));
L199: 1 = 2 * 0 + 1;
1 in Seg 1;
then (a | 1) . 1 = a . 1 by FUNCT_1:49;
then L230: a | 1 = <* a . 1 *> by FINSEQ_1:40;
L231: 2 = 2 * 1 + 0;
2 / 2 = 1;
then L235: (1 + 1) div 2 = 1 by L231,NAT_6:4;
L238: 1 in Seg n by L020;
Sum (a | 1) = a . 1 by L230,RVSUM_1:73
.= 2 * epsilon * ((1 + 1) div 2) + (1 - epsilon) * ((1 + 1) div 2 - 1)
by L238,L199,L050,L235;
then L300: ODDEVENSUM[1];
L400: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i < len a & ODDEVENSUM[i]
holds ODDEVENSUM[i + 1]
proof
let i0 be Element of NAT;
assume that
1 <= i0 and
L411: i0 < len a and
L412: ODDEVENSUM[i0];
reconsider i0p = i0 + 1 as Nat;
L469: 1 + 0 <= i0 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
i0p <= n by L411,L030,NAT_1:13;
then L490: i0p in Seg n by L469;
L500: i0p is odd implies
Sum (a | i0p) = 2 * epsilon * ((i0p + 1) div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * ((i0p + 1) div 2 - 1)
proof
assume L510: i0p is odd; then
L530: i0 is even;
i0 / 2 = (i0p + 1) / 2 - 1;
then i0 / 2 = (i0p + 1) div 2 - 1 by L510,NAT_6:4;
then L580: i0 div 2 = (i0p + 1) div 2 - 1 by L530,NAT_6:4;
thus Sum (a | i0p)
= Sum ((a | i0) ^ <* a . i0p *>) by L411,FINSEQ_5:83
.= Sum (a | i0) + a . i0p by RVSUM_1:74
.= 2 * epsilon * (i0 div 2) + (1 - epsilon) * (i0 div 2)
+ 2 * epsilon by L050,L490,L510,L412
.= 2 * epsilon * ((i0p + 1) div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * ((i0p + 1) div 2 - 1) by L580;
end;
i0p is even implies
Sum (a | i0p) = 2 * epsilon * (i0p div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * (i0p div 2)
proof
assume L710: i0p is even;
thus Sum (a | i0p)
= Sum ((a | i0) ^ <* a . i0p *>) by L411,FINSEQ_5:83
.= Sum (a | i0) + a . i0p by RVSUM_1:74
.= 2 * epsilon * ((i0 + 1) div 2)
+ (1 - epsilon) * ((i0 + 1) div 2 - 1) + (1 - epsilon)
by L050,L490,L412,L710
.= 2 * epsilon * (i0p div 2) + (1 - epsilon) * (i0p div 2);
end;
hence ODDEVENSUM[i0 + 1] by L500;
end;
L899: for i being Element of NAT st 1 <= i & i <= len a holds
ODDEVENSUM[i] from INT_1:sch 7(L300,L400);
Sum (a | n)
= 2 * epsilon * ((n + 1) div 2) + (1 - epsilon) * ((n + 1) div 2 - 1)
by L020,L030,L010,L899
.= 2 * (1 / (n + 1) * (n + 1)) / 2
+ (1 - 1 / (n + 1)) * ((n + 1) / 2 - 1) by L060,L040
.= 2 / 2 + (1 - 1 / (n + 1)) * ((n + 1) / 2 - 1) by XCMPLX_1:87
.= (n + 1) / 2 - 1 / (n + 1) * (n + 1) / 2 + 1 / (n + 1)
.= (n + 1) / 2 - 1 / 2 + 1 / (n + 1) by XCMPLX_1:87
.= (n + 1) / 2 + 1 / (n + 1) - 1 / 2;
hence thesis by L030,FINSEQ_1:58;
end;
theorem NF996:
for n being Nat, epsilon being Real,
a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
n is odd & len a = n & epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) &
(for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon)) &
dom f = dom a &
(for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies f . i = 1) &
(i is even implies f . i = i div 2 + 1)) holds
for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1
proof
let n be Nat, epsilon be Real,
a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL,
f be non empty FinSequence of NAT;
assume that
L010: n is odd and
L030: len a = n and
L040: epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) and
L050: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon) and
L205: dom f = dom a and
L220: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies f . i = 1) &
(i is even implies f . i = i div 2 + 1);
L020: 1 <= n by L010,NF992;
L060: (n + 1) div 2 = (n + 1) / 2 by L010,NF992;
let j be Nat;
assume L250: j in rng f;
set npd2 = (n + 1) div 2;
1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,NF992,XREAL_1:6;
then L189: 2 / 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
reconsider npd2 as Nat by L010,L060;
L253: dom f = Seg n by L205,FINSEQ_1:def 3,L030;
for y being object holds
( y in Seg npd2 iff
ex x being object st x in dom f & y = f . x )
proof
let y be object;
hereby
assume L255: y in Seg npd2;
then reconsider y0 = y as Nat;
1 <= y0 & y0 <= npd2 by L255,FINSEQ_1:1;
then 1 + 1 <= y0 + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
then 2 <= y0 or 2 = y0 + 1 by NAT_1:8;
then per cases by L255,FINSEQ_1:1;
suppose L260: y0 = 1;
set x0 = 1;
L262: 1 in Seg n by L020;
L263: x0 in dom f by L020,L253;
1 = 2 * 0 + 1;
then f . x0 = y0 by L262,L220,L260;
hence ex x being object st x in dom f & y = f . x by L263;
end;
suppose L270: 2 <= y0 & y0 <= npd2;
set x0 = (y0 - 1) * 2;
2 - 1 <= y0 - 1 by XREAL_1:9,L270;
then 1 * 2 <= (y0 - 1) * 2 by XREAL_1:64;
then L272: 2 - 1 <= (y0 - 1) * 2 - 0 by XREAL_1:13;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L270;
y0 * 2 <= ((n + 1) / 2) * 2 by L060,L270,XREAL_1:64;
then y0 * 2 - 1 <= n by XREAL_1:20;
then L2735: y0 * 2 - 1 - 1 <= n - 0 by XREAL_1:13;
then L275: x0 in Seg n by L272;
L276: x0 in dom f by L253,L272,L2735;
f . x0 = x0 div 2 + 1 by L275,L220
.= ((y0 - 1) * 2) / 2 + 1 by NAT_6:4
.= y0;
hence ex x being object st x in dom f & y = f . x by L276;
end;
end;
given x0 being object such that
L280: x0 in dom f and
L281: y = f . x0;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L280;
L283: 1 <= x0 & x0 <= n by L280,L253,FINSEQ_1:1;
per cases;
suppose x0 is odd;
then f . x0 = 1 by L280,L253,L220;
hence y in Seg npd2 by L281,L189,L060;
end;
suppose L284: x0 is even;
then L2845: f . x0 = x0 div 2 + 1 by L280,L253,L220;
reconsider y0 = y as Integer by L281;
L286: y0 = x0 / 2 + 1 by L2845,L281,L284,NAT_6:4;
L2865: 0 + 1 <= x0 / 2 + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
reconsider y0 as Nat by L281;
x0 + 1 <= n + 1 by XREAL_1:6,L283;
then x0 + 1 <= n by L284,L010,NAT_1:8;
then x0 + 1 + 1 <= n + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
then (x0 + 2) / 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
then y0 <= npd2 by L010,NF992,L286;
hence y in Seg npd2 by L286,L2865;
end;
end;
then L291: rng f = Seg npd2 by FUNCT_1:def 3;
then 1 <= j & j <= npd2 by L250,FINSEQ_1:1;
then 1 + 1 <= j + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
then 2 <= j or 2 = j + 1 by NAT_1:8;
then per cases by L291,L250,FINSEQ_1:1;
suppose L300: j = 1;
set OddSegn = { i where i is Nat : ( 1 <= i & i <= n & i is odd) };
defpred P[Nat, object] means $2 = 2 * $1 - 1;
L310: for i being Nat st i in Seg npd2 holds
ex x being object st P[i, x];
consider sgmo being FinSequence such that
L320: dom sgmo = Seg npd2 and
L321: for i being Nat st i in Seg npd2 holds P[i, sgmo . i]
from FINSEQ_1:sch 1 (L310);
for y being object holds
y in OddSegn iff
ex x being object st x in dom sgmo & y = sgmo . x
proof
let y be object;
hereby
assume y in OddSegn;
then consider y0 being Nat such that
L322: y0 = y and
L323: 1 <= y0 & y0 <= n & y0 is odd;
set x0 = (y0 + 1) div 2;
x0 * 2 = ((y0 + 1) / 2) * 2 by L323,NAT_6:4
.= y0 + 1;
then L326: y0 = 2 * x0 - 1;
then 1 + 1 <= 2 * x0 by L323,XREAL_1:19;
then L3265: 2 / 2 <= (x0 * 2) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
then x0 in NAT by INT_1:3;
then reconsider x0 as Nat;
x0 * 2 <= n + 1 by L323,L326,XREAL_1:20;
then L3275: (x0 * 2) / 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
then L329: x0 in Seg npd2 by L3265,L060;
L330: x0 in dom sgmo by L3265,L3275,L060,L320;
y0 = sgmo . x0 by L329,L321,L326;
hence ex x being object st x in dom sgmo & y = sgmo . x
by L330,L322;
end;
given x0 being object such that
L340: x0 in dom sgmo and
L342: y = sgmo . x0;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L340;
L351: 1 <= x0 & x0 <= npd2 by L340,L320,FINSEQ_1:1;
L352: y = 2 * x0 - 1 by L340,L320,L321,L342;
then reconsider y0 = y as Integer;
1 * 2 <= x0 * 2 by L351,XREAL_1:64;
then L359: 2 - 1 <= 2 * x0 - 1 by XREAL_1:9;
then 1 <= y0 by L340,L320,L321,L342;
then y0 in NAT by INT_1:3;
then reconsider y0 as Nat;
x0 * 2 <= ((n + 1) / 2) * 2 by L351,L060,XREAL_1:64;
then y0 <= n by XREAL_1:20,L352;
hence y in OddSegn by L359,L352;
end;
then L370: rng sgmo = OddSegn by FUNCT_1:def 3;
for x1, x2 being object st
x1 in dom sgmo & x2 in dom sgmo & sgmo . x1 = sgmo . x2 holds
x1 = x2
proof
let x1, x2 be object;
assume that
L371: x1 in dom sgmo & x2 in dom sgmo and
L372: sgmo . x1 = sgmo . x2;
reconsider x01 = x1, x02 = x2 as Nat by L371;
sgmo . x01 = 2 * x01 - 1 & sgmo . x02 = 2 * x02 - 1 by L320,L371,L321;
then 2 * x01 - 1 = 2 * x02 - 1 by L372;
hence x1 = x2;
end;
then L380: sgmo is one-to-one by FUNCT_1:def 4;
L395: card Seg npd2 = npd2 by FINSEQ_1:57;
L419: for x being object st x in OddSegn holds x in Seg n
proof
let x be object;
assume x in OddSegn;
then consider x0 being Nat such that
L410: x0 = x and
L411: 1 <= x0 & x0 <= n & x0 is odd;
thus x in Seg n by L410,L411;
end;
then L420: OddSegn c= Seg n;
L430: len (Sgm OddSegn)
= card OddSegn by L420,FINSEQ_3:39
.= npd2 by L320,L370,L380,WELLORD2:def 4,L395,CARD_1:5;
L505: dom a = Seg n by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L030;
then L510: OddSegn c= dom a by L419;
then L512: dom (a | OddSegn) = OddSegn by RELAT_1:62;
L522: dom (Sgm (dom (a | OddSegn))) = dom (Sgm OddSegn)
by L510,RELAT_1:62;
L499: for i being object holds
i in OddSegn iff i in dom f & f . i in {j}
proof
let i be object;
hereby
assume i in OddSegn;
then consider i0 being Nat such that
L440: i0 = i and
L441: 1 <= i0 & i0 <= n & i0 is odd;
L442: i0 in Seg n by L441;
thus i in dom f by L441,L505,L205,L440;
f . i0 = 1 by L442,L441,L220;
hence f . i in {j} by TARSKI:def 1,L440,L300;
end;
assume that
L450: i in dom f and
L451: f . i in {j};
L452: f . i = 1 by L451,TARSKI:def 1,L300;
reconsider i0 = i as Nat by L450;
L454: 1 <= i0 & i0 <= n by L450,L205,L505,FINSEQ_1:1;
i0 is odd
proof
assume L460: not i0 is odd;
0 / 2 < i0 / 2 by L454,XREAL_1:74;
then 0 < i0 div 2 by L460,NAT_6:4;
then 0 + 1 < i0 div 2 + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
hence contradiction by L460,L450,L205,L505,L220,L452;
end;
hence i in OddSegn by L454;
end;
L515: Seq (a | OddSegn) = (a | OddSegn) * (Sgm OddSegn)
by L510,RELAT_1:62;
then reconsider aosgmo = (a | OddSegn) * (Sgm OddSegn) as FinSequence;
L525: rng Sgm OddSegn = OddSegn by L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
rng Sgm OddSegn c= dom (a | OddSegn) by L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13,L512;
then L520: len Seq (a | OddSegn)
= len (Sgm OddSegn) by L515,FINSEQ_2:29
.= len (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)) by L430,CARD_1:def 7;
reconsider co = card OddSegn as Nat by L370;
L524: dom Sgm OddSegn
= Seg co by L420,FINSEQ_3:40
.= Seg npd2 by L320,L370,L380,WELLORD2:def 4,L395,CARD_1:5;
L526: for k being Nat st k in dom (Sgm OddSegn) holds
(Sgm OddSegn) . k = 2 * k - 1
proof
reconsider npd2 as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
defpred ODDSEQ[Nat] means (Sgm OddSegn) . $1 = 2 * $1 - 1;
now assume not (Sgm OddSegn) . 1 = 1;
then per cases by XXREAL_0:1;
suppose B210: (Sgm OddSegn) . 1 < 1;
1 in Seg npd2 by L189,L060;
then (Sgm OddSegn) . 1 in rng (Sgm OddSegn) by L524,FUNCT_1:3;
then consider i being Nat such that
B211: (Sgm OddSegn) . 1 = i and
B212: 1 <= i and i <= n and i is odd by L525;
thus contradiction by B211,B212,B210;
end;
suppose B218: (Sgm OddSegn) . 1 > 1;
1 = (2 * 0) + 1;
then 1 in OddSegn by L020;
then consider l being object such that
B220: l in dom (Sgm OddSegn) and
B230: 1 = (Sgm OddSegn) . l by L525,FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider l as Nat by B220;
B237: 1 <= l & l <= len (Sgm OddSegn) by L430,L524,B220,FINSEQ_1:1;
then 1 < l by XXREAL_0:1,B230,B218;
hence contradiction by B237,B230,B218,L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
end;
end;
then B300: ODDSEQ[1];
B400: for k being Element of NAT st 1 <= k & k < npd2 & ODDSEQ[k]
holds ODDSEQ[k + 1]
proof
let k be Element of NAT;
assume that
B410: 1 <= k & k < npd2 and
B412: ODDSEQ[k];
now assume not (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) = 2 * (k + 1) - 1;
then per cases by XXREAL_0:1;
suppose B500: (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) < 2 * (k + 1) - 1;
(Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) <= 2 * (k + 1) - 1 - 1 by B500,INT_1:52;
then B510: (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) + 1 <= 2 * k + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
B520: (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) + 1 <> 2 * k + 1
proof
assume B521: not (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) + 1 <> 2 * k + 1;
B523: 1 + 0 <= k + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
B524: k + 1 <= npd2 by B410,INT_1:7;
k + 1 in Seg npd2 by B523,B524;
then 2 * k in rng (Sgm OddSegn) by L524,B521,FUNCT_1:3;
then consider i being Nat such that
B525: 2 * k = i and
1 <= i & i <= n and
B526: i is odd by L525;
thus contradiction by B525,B526;
end;
1 <= k & k < k + 1 & k + 1 <= len (Sgm OddSegn) &
(Sgm OddSegn) . k >= (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1)
by B410,XREAL_1:29,XREAL_1:19,L430,B510,B520,NAT_1:8,B412;
hence contradiction by L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
end;
suppose B700: (Sgm OddSegn) . (k + 1) > 2 * (k + 1) - 1;
0 <= 2 * k + 2 * 1 - 1;
then reconsider i0 = 2 * (k + 1) - 1 as Nat;
B710: 0 + 1 <= 2 * k + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
k <= npd2 - 1 by B410,INT_1:52;
then (k + 1) * 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 * 2
by L060,XREAL_1:19,XREAL_1:64;
then B717: i0 <= n by XREAL_1:20;
2 * (k + 1) - 1 in OddSegn by B710,B717;
then consider l being object such that
B720: l in dom (Sgm OddSegn) and
B730: 2 * (k + 1) - 1 = (Sgm OddSegn) . l by L525,FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider l as Nat by B720;
B737: 1 <= l & l <= len (Sgm OddSegn)
by L430,L524,B720,FINSEQ_1:1;
B749: now assume B740: not l <= k + 1;
1 + 0 <= k + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
hence contradiction
by B740,B737,B700,B730,L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
end;
B769: now assume B760: not l >= k;
2 * (k + 1) > 2 * k by XREAL_1:29,XREAL_1:68;
then 1 <= l & l < k & k <= len (Sgm OddSegn) &
(Sgm OddSegn) . l > (Sgm OddSegn) . k
by XREAL_1:9,B730,B412,L430,L524,B720,FINSEQ_1:1,B760,B410;
hence contradiction by L420,FINSEQ_1:def 13;
end;
now assume not l <> k; then
(Sgm OddSegn) . k = 2 * (k + 1) - 1 by B730;
hence contradiction by B412;
end;
hence contradiction by B749,B769,B730,B700,NAT_1:9;
end;
end;
hence ODDSEQ[k + 1];
end;
B900: for k being Element of NAT st 1 <= k & k <= npd2 holds ODDSEQ[k]
from INT_1:sch 7(B300,B400);
for k being Nat st k in dom Sgm OddSegn holds ODDSEQ[k]
proof
let k be Nat;
assume k in dom Sgm OddSegn;
then B920: 1 <= k & k <= npd2 by L524,FINSEQ_1:1;
k in NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
hence ODDSEQ[k] by B920,B900;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
L699: for k being Nat st k in dom (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)) holds
(npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)) . k = (Seq (a | OddSegn)) . k
proof
let k be Nat;
assume L530: k in dom (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon));
L535: len (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)) = npd2 by CARD_1:def 7;
L536: dom (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)) = Seg (len (npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon)))
by FINSEQ_1:def 3;
L537: k in Seg npd2 by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L530,L535;
then L630: (Sgm OddSegn) . k = 2 * k - 1 by L526,L524;
then L655: 2 * k - 1 in Seg n by L537,L524,FUNCT_1:3,L525,L419;
(a | OddSegn) . (2 * k - 1)
= a . (2 * k - 1) by L537,L524,FUNCT_1:3,L630,L525,FUNCT_1:49
.= 2 * epsilon by L655,L050;
then (a | OddSegn) . (Sgm (dom (a | OddSegn)) . k) = 2 * epsilon
by L630,L505,L420,RELAT_1:62;
then (Seq (a | OddSegn)) . k = 2 * epsilon
by L522,L524,L537,FUNCT_1:13;
hence thesis by L536,L530,L535,FINSEQ_2:57;
end;
L750: Seq (a, f " {j})
= Seq (a, OddSegn) by L499,FUNCT_1:def 7
.= Seq (a | OddSegn)
.= npd2 |-> (2 * epsilon) by L699,L520,FINSEQ_2:9;
npd2 * (2 * epsilon)
= (n + 1) / 2 * (2 * epsilon) by L010,NF992
.= ((n + 1) / 2 * 2) * epsilon
.= 1 by L040,XCMPLX_1:106;
hence SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1 by L750,RVSUM_1:80;
end;
suppose L800: 2 <= j & j <= npd2;
set tjm2 = 2 * j - 2;
2 - 1 <= j - 1 by L800,XREAL_1:9;
then L808: 1 * 2 <= (j - 1) * 2 by XREAL_1:64;
then L809: 2 - 1 <= (j - 1) * 2 - 0 by XREAL_1:13;
tjm2 in NAT by L808,INT_1:3;
then reconsider tjm2 as Nat;
j * 2 <= ((n + 1) / 2) * 2 by L800,L060,XREAL_1:64;
then j * 2 - 2 <= n + 1 - 1 by XREAL_1:13;
then L820: tjm2 in Seg n by L809;
L829: tjm2 = 2 * (j - 1);
then L860: a . tjm2 = 1 - epsilon by L820,L050;
L929: for i being object holds
i in {tjm2} iff ( i in dom f & f . i in {j} )
proof
let i be object;
hereby
assume L869: i in {tjm2};
then L870: i = tjm2 by TARSKI:def 1;
reconsider i0 = i as Nat by L869;
thus i in dom f by L869,TARSKI:def 1,L820,L253;
f . i0 = i0 div 2 + 1 by L820,L220,L870,L829
.= ((j - 1) * 2) / 2 + 1 by L870,NAT_6:4
.= j;
hence f . i in {j} by TARSKI:def 1;
end;
assume that
L900: i in dom f and
L901: f . i in {j};
L902: f . i = j by L901,TARSKI:def 1;
reconsider i0 = i as Nat by L900;
L910: i0 is even
proof
assume i0 is odd;
then f . i0 = 1 by L900,L253,L220;
hence contradiction by L902,L800;
end;
then f . i0 = i0 div 2 + 1 by L900,L253,L220;
then i0 / 2 = j - 1 by L902,L910,NAT_6:4;
hence i in {tjm2} by TARSKI:def 1;
end;
L939: a | {tjm2} = {[tjm2, a . tjm2]} by L820,L253,L205,GRFUNC_1:28;
Seq (a, f " {j})
= Seq (a, {tjm2}) by L929,FUNCT_1:def 7
.= Seq (a | {tjm2})
.= <* 1 - epsilon *> by L939,L860,FINSEQ_3:157;
then SumBin (a, f, {j}) = 1 - epsilon by RVSUM_1:73;
hence SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1 by XREAL_1:139,L040,XREAL_1:44;
end;
end;
theorem NF997:
for n being Nat, epsilon being Real,
a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL st
n is odd & len a = n & epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) &
(for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon)) holds n = 2 * Opt a - 1
proof
let n be Nat, epsilon be Real,
a be non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL;
assume that
L010: n is odd and
L030: len a = n and
L040: epsilon = 1 / (n + 1) and
L050: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds
(i is odd implies a . i = 2 * epsilon) &
(i is even implies a . i = 1 - epsilon);
L020: 1 <= n by L010,NF992;
L060: (n + 1) div 2 = (n + 1) / 2 by L010,NF992;
ex g being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom g = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng g holds SumBin (a, g, {j}) <= 1) &
(n + 1) div 2 = card rng g &
(for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1) holds
(n + 1) div 2 <= card rng f)
proof
defpred P[Nat, object] means
($1 is odd implies $2 = 1) &
($1 is even implies $2 = $1 div 2 + 1);
L100: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds ex x being object st P[i, x]
proof
let i be Nat;
assume i in Seg n;
per cases;
suppose i is odd;
hence thesis;
end;
suppose i is even;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
consider g0 being FinSequence such that
L200: dom g0 = Seg n and
L210: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds P[i, g0 . i]
from FINSEQ_1:sch 1 (L100);
for i being Nat st i in dom g0 holds g0 . i in NAT
proof
let i be Nat;
assume L309: i in dom g0;
per cases;
suppose i is odd; then
g0 . i = 1 by L309,L200,L210;
hence g0 . i in NAT;
end;
suppose i is even; then
L370: g0 . i = i div 2 + 1 by L309,L200,L210;
0 <= i div 2 by INT_1:55;
hence g0 . i in NAT by INT_1:3,L370;
end;
end;
then reconsider g0 as non empty FinSequence of NAT by NF315,L010,L200;
take g0;
L379: dom a = Seg n by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L030;
thus dom g0 = dom a by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L030,L200;
thus for j being Nat st j in rng g0 holds SumBin (a, g0, {j}) <= 1
by L010,L030,L040,L050,L379,L200,L210,NF996;
set npd2 = (n + 1) div 2;
1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,NF992,XREAL_1:6;
then L388: 2 / 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
reconsider npd2 as Nat by L010,L060;
for y being object holds
y in Seg npd2 iff ex x being object st x in dom g0 & y = g0 . x
proof
let y be object;
hereby
assume L405: y in Seg npd2;
reconsider y0 = y as Nat by L405;
1 <= y0 & y0 <= npd2 by L405,FINSEQ_1:1;
then 1 + 1 <= y0 + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
then 2 <= y0 or 2 = y0 + 1 by NAT_1:8;
then per cases by L405,FINSEQ_1:1;
suppose L410: y0 = 1;
set x0 = 1;
L415: x0 in Seg n by L020;
L420: x0 in dom g0 by L020,L200;
reconsider x0 as Nat;
x0 mod 2 = 1 by NAT_D:14;
then x0 is odd by NAT_2:22;
then y0 = g0 . x0 by L415,L210,L410;
hence ex x being object st x in dom g0 & y = g0 . x by L420;
end;
suppose L430: 2 <= y0 & y0 <= npd2;
set x0 = (y0 - 1) * 2;
2 - 1 <= y0 - 1 by L430,XREAL_1:9;
then 1 * 2 <= (y0 - 1) * 2 by XREAL_1:64;
then L4125: 2 - 1 <= x0 - 0 by XREAL_1:13;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L430;
x0 div 2 = ((y0 - 1) * 2) / 2 by NAT_6:4;
then L412: y0 = x0 div 2 + 1;
y0 - 1 <= (n + 1) / 2 - 1 by L430,L060,XREAL_1:9;
then x0 <= ((n + 1) / 2 - 1) * 2 by XREAL_1:64;
then L4135: x0 + 0 <= n - 1 + 1 by XREAL_1:7;
then L415: x0 in Seg n by L4125;
L420: x0 in dom g0 by L4125,L4135,L200;
y0 = g0 . x0 by L415,L210,L412;
hence ex x being object st x in dom g0 & y = g0 . x by L420;
end;
end;
given x0 being object such that
L440: x0 in dom g0 and
L442: y = g0 . x0;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L440;
per cases;
suppose x0 is odd;
then g0 . x0 = 1 by L440,L200,L210;
hence y in Seg npd2 by L442,L388,L060;
end;
suppose L470: x0 is even;
then g0 . x0 = x0 div 2 + 1 by L440,L200,L210;
then L472: y = x0 / 2 + 1 by L442,L470,NAT_6:4;
reconsider y0 = y as Nat by L442;
L4725: 0 + 1 <= x0 / 2 + 1 by XREAL_1:6;
L474: x0 <= n by L440,L200,FINSEQ_1:1;
x0 + 1 <= n or not x0 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,L470,NAT_1:8;
then x0 + 1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L474,XREAL_1:6;
then (x0 + 2) / 2 <= (n + 1) / 2 by XREAL_1:72;
hence y in Seg npd2 by L4725,L442,L060,L472;
end;
end;
then rng g0 = Seg npd2 by FUNCT_1:def 3;
hence (n + 1) div 2 = card rng g0 by FINSEQ_1:57;
reconsider i0 = (n + 1) / 2 as Integer by L010;
reconsider r = 1 / (n + 1) - 1 / 2 as Real;
L810: Sum a
= (n + 1) / 2 + 1 / (n + 1) - 1 / 2 by L010,L030,L040,L050,NF994
.= r + i0;
1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,NF992,XREAL_1:6;
then 1 * 2 <= 1 * (n + 1);
then 1 / (n + 1) <= 1 / 2 by XREAL_1:102;
then L820: r <= 0 by XREAL_1:47;
0 < 1 / (n + 1) + 1 / 2 by XREAL_1:34;
then 0 < r + 1;
then L835: [/ r \] = 0 by L820,INT_1:def 7;
[/ r + i0 \] = [/ r \] + i0 by INT_1:33
.= i0 by L835; then
[/ Sum a \] = (n + 1) div 2 by L810,L010,NF992;
hence for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st dom f = dom a &
(for j being Nat st j in rng f holds SumBin (a, f, {j}) <= 1)
holds (n + 1) div 2 <= card rng f by NF320;
end;
then Opt a = (n + 1) div 2 by defOpt;
hence n = 2 * Opt a - 1 by L060;
end;
theorem
for n being Nat st n is odd holds
ex a being non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL st
len a = n &
for f being non empty FinSequence of NAT st
f = OnlinePacking(a, NextFit(a)) holds
n = card rng f & n = 2 * Opt a - 1
proof
let n be Nat;
assume that
L010: n is odd;
L020: 1 <= n by L010,NF992;
set epsilon = 1 / (n + 1);
defpred P[Nat, object] means
($1 is odd implies $2 = 2 * epsilon) &
($1 is even implies $2 = 1 - epsilon);
L100: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds ex x being object st P[i, x]
proof
let i be Nat;
assume i in Seg n;
per cases;
suppose i is odd;
hence thesis;
end;
suppose i is even;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
consider a0 being FinSequence such that
L200: dom a0 = Seg n and
L210: for i being Nat st i in Seg n holds P[i, a0 . i]
from FINSEQ_1:sch 1 (L100);
for i being Nat st i in dom a0 holds a0 . i in REAL
proof
let i be Nat;
assume L309: i in dom a0;
per cases;
suppose i is odd;
then a0 . i = 2 * epsilon by L309,L200,L210;
hence a0 . i in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
suppose i is even;
then a0 . i = 1 - epsilon by L309,L200,L210;
hence a0 . i in REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
end;
end;
then reconsider a0 as non empty FinSequence of REAL by NF315,L010,L200;
L500: a0 is positive
proof
1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,NF992,XREAL_1:6;
then 2 <= n or 2 = n + 1 by NAT_1:8;
then per cases;
suppose B000: n = 1;
for y being object holds
y in {2 * epsilon} iff
ex x being object st x in dom a0 & y = a0 . x
proof
let y be object;
hereby
assume y in {2 * epsilon};
then L410: y = 2 * epsilon by TARSKI:def 1;
set x0 = 1;
L415: x0 in Seg n by L020;
L420: x0 in dom a0 by L020,L200;
reconsider x0 as Nat;
x0 mod 2 = 1 by NAT_D:14;
then x0 is odd by NAT_2:22;
then y = a0 . x0 by L415,L210,L410;
hence ex x being object st x in dom a0 & y = a0 . x by L420;
end;
given x0 being object such that
L440: x0 in dom a0 and
L442: y = a0 . x0;
L455: x0 = 1 by L440,L200,B000,FINSEQ_1:2,TARSKI:def 1;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L440;
x0 mod 2 = 1 by L455,NAT_D:14;
then L460: x0 is odd by NAT_2:22;
a0 . x0 = 2 * epsilon by L440,L200,L460,L210;
hence y in {2 * epsilon} by L442,TARSKI:def 1;
end;
then L480: rng a0 = {2 * epsilon} by FUNCT_1:def 3;
for r being Real st r in rng a0 holds 0 < r
proof
let r be Real;
assume L489: r in rng a0;
0 / (n + 1) < 1 / (n + 1) by XREAL_1:74;
then 0 * 2 < epsilon * 2 by XREAL_1:68;
hence 0 < r by L489,L480,TARSKI:def 1;
end;
hence a0 is positive by PARTFUN3:def 1;
end;
suppose B500: 2 <= n;
for y being object holds
y in {2 * epsilon, 1 - epsilon} iff
ex x being object st x in dom a0 & y = a0 . x
proof
let y be object;
hereby
assume y in {2 * epsilon, 1 - epsilon};
then per cases by TARSKI:def 2;
suppose L410: y = 2 * epsilon;
set x0 = 1;
L415: x0 in Seg n by L020;
L420: x0 in dom a0 by L020,L200;
reconsider x0 as Nat;
x0 = 2 * 0 + 1;
then y = a0 . x0 by L415,L210,L410;
hence ex x being object st x in dom a0 & y = a0 . x by L420;
end;
suppose L430: y = 1 - epsilon;
set x0 = 2;
L415: x0 in Seg n by B500;
L420: x0 in dom a0 by L200,B500;
reconsider x0 as Nat;
x0 = 2 * 1;
then y = a0 . x0 by L415,L210,L430;
hence ex x being object st x in dom a0 & y = a0 . x by L420;
end;
end;
given x0 being object such that
L440: x0 in dom a0 and
L442: y = a0 . x0;
reconsider x0 as Nat by L440;
per cases;
suppose x0 is odd;
P[x0, a0 . x0] by L440,L200,L210;
hence y in {2 * epsilon, 1 - epsilon} by L442,TARSKI:def 2;
end;
suppose x0 is even;
P[x0, a0 . x0] by L440,L200,L210;
hence y in {2 * epsilon, 1 - epsilon} by L442,TARSKI:def 2;
end;
end;
then L480: rng a0 = {2 * epsilon, 1 - epsilon} by FUNCT_1:def 3;
for r being Real st r in rng a0 holds 0 < r
proof
let r be Real;
assume r in rng a0;
then per cases by L480,TARSKI:def 2;
suppose L490: r = 2 * epsilon;
0 / (n + 1) < 1 / (n + 1) by XREAL_1:74;
then 0 * 2 < epsilon * 2 by XREAL_1:68;
hence thesis by L490;
end;
suppose L495: r = 1 - epsilon;
1 < (n + 1) * 1 by L010,NF992,NAT_1:13;
then 1 / (n + 1) < 1 by XREAL_1:83;
hence thesis by XREAL_1:50,L495;
end;
end;
hence a0 is positive by PARTFUN3:def 1;
end;
end;
for i being Nat st 1 <= i & i <= len a0 holds a0 . i <= 1
proof
let i be Nat;
assume 1 <= i & i <= len a0;
then L510: i in Seg n by FINSEQ_3:25,L200;
per cases;
suppose i is odd;
then L530: a0 . i = 2 * epsilon by L510,L210;
1 + 1 <= n + 1 by L010,NF992,XREAL_1:6;
then (2 * 1) / (n + 1) <= 1 by XREAL_1:183;
hence a0 . i <= 1 by XCMPLX_1:74,L530;
end;
suppose L560: i is even;
1 - 1 / (n + 1) <= 1 - 0 by XREAL_1:10;
hence a0 . i <= 1 by L510,L560,L210;
end;
end;
then a0 is at_most_one; then
reconsider a0 as non empty positive at_most_one FinSequence of REAL
by L500;
take a0;
L649: Seg len a0 = Seg n by FINSEQ_1:def 3,L200;
hence len a0 = n by FINSEQ_1:6;
let f be non empty FinSequence of NAT;
assume f = OnlinePacking(a0, NextFit(a0));
hence n = card rng f by L010,L649,FINSEQ_1:6,L210,NF993;
thus n = 2 * Opt a0 - 1 by L010,L649,FINSEQ_1:6,L210,NF997;
end;