:: by Jaros{\l}aw Kotowicz, Konrad Raczkowski and Pawe{\l} Sadowski

::

:: Received June 18, 1990

:: Copyright (c) 1990-2021 Association of Mizar Users

theorem Th1: :: ROLLE:1

for p, g being Real st p < g holds

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f & f | [.p,g.] is continuous & f . p = f . g & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & diff (f,x0) = 0 )

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f & f | [.p,g.] is continuous & f . p = f . g & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & diff (f,x0) = 0 )

proof end;

:: Rolle Theorem

theorem :: ROLLE:2

for x, t being Real st 0 < t holds

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f & f | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f . x = f . (x + t) & f is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & diff (f,(x + (s * t))) = 0 )

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f & f | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f . x = f . (x + t) & f is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & diff (f,(x + (s * t))) = 0 )

proof end;

theorem Th3: :: ROLLE:3

for p, g being Real st p < g holds

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f & f | [.p,g.] is continuous & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & diff (f,x0) = ((f . g) - (f . p)) / (g - p) )

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f & f | [.p,g.] is continuous & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & diff (f,x0) = ((f . g) - (f . p)) / (g - p) )

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:4

for x, t being Real st 0 < t holds

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f & f | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & f . (x + t) = (f . x) + (t * (diff (f,(x + (s * t))))) )

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f & f | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & f . (x + t) = (f . x) + (t * (diff (f,(x + (s * t))))) )

proof end;

theorem Th5: :: ROLLE:5

for p, g being Real st p < g holds

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f1 & [.p,g.] c= dom f2 & f1 | [.p,g.] is continuous & f1 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & f2 | [.p,g.] is continuous & f2 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & ((f1 . g) - (f1 . p)) * (diff (f2,x0)) = ((f2 . g) - (f2 . p)) * (diff (f1,x0)) )

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.p,g.] c= dom f1 & [.p,g.] c= dom f2 & f1 | [.p,g.] is continuous & f1 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & f2 | [.p,g.] is continuous & f2 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ holds

ex x0 being Real st

( x0 in ].p,g.[ & ((f1 . g) - (f1 . p)) * (diff (f2,x0)) = ((f2 . g) - (f2 . p)) * (diff (f1,x0)) )

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:6

for x, t being Real st 0 < t holds

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f1 & [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f2 & f1 | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f1 is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ & f2 | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f2 is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ & ( for x1 being Real st x1 in ].x,(x + t).[ holds

diff (f2,x1) <> 0 ) holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & ((f1 . (x + t)) - (f1 . x)) / ((f2 . (x + t)) - (f2 . x)) = (diff (f1,(x + (s * t)))) / (diff (f2,(x + (s * t)))) )

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f1 & [.x,(x + t).] c= dom f2 & f1 | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f1 is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ & f2 | [.x,(x + t).] is continuous & f2 is_differentiable_on ].x,(x + t).[ & ( for x1 being Real st x1 in ].x,(x + t).[ holds

diff (f2,x1) <> 0 ) holds

ex s being Real st

( 0 < s & s < 1 & ((f1 . (x + t)) - (f1 . x)) / ((f2 . (x + t)) - (f2 . x)) = (diff (f1,(x + (s * t)))) / (diff (f2,(x + (s * t)))) )

proof end;

theorem Th7: :: ROLLE:7

for p, g being Real

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) = 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is V8()

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) = 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is V8()

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:8

for p, g being Real

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st f1 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & f2 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f1,x) = diff (f2,x) ) holds

( (f1 - f2) | ].p,g.[ is V8() & ex r being Real st

for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

f1 . x = (f2 . x) + r )

for f1, f2 being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st f1 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & f2 is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f1,x) = diff (f2,x) ) holds

( (f1 - f2) | ].p,g.[ is V8() & ex r being Real st

for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

f1 . x = (f2 . x) + r )

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:9

for p, g being Real

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

0 < diff (f,x) ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is increasing

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

0 < diff (f,x) ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is increasing

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:10

for p, g being Real

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) < 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is decreasing

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) < 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is decreasing

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:11

for p, g being Real

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

0 <= diff (f,x) ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is non-decreasing

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

0 <= diff (f,x) ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is non-decreasing

proof end;

theorem :: ROLLE:12

for p, g being Real

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) <= 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is non-increasing

for f being PartFunc of REAL,REAL st ].p,g.[ c= dom f & f is_differentiable_on ].p,g.[ & ( for x being Real st x in ].p,g.[ holds

diff (f,x) <= 0 ) holds

f | ].p,g.[ is non-increasing

proof end;