let X, Y be ComplexLinearSpace; :: thesis: LinearOperators (X,Y) is linearly-closed
set W = LinearOperators (X,Y);
A1: for c being Complex
for v being VECTOR of (ComplexVectSpace ( the carrier of X,Y)) st v in LinearOperators (X,Y) holds
c * v in LinearOperators (X,Y)
proof
let c be Complex; :: thesis: for v being VECTOR of (ComplexVectSpace ( the carrier of X,Y)) st v in LinearOperators (X,Y) holds
c * v in LinearOperators (X,Y)

let v be VECTOR of (ComplexVectSpace ( the carrier of X,Y)); :: thesis: ( v in LinearOperators (X,Y) implies c * v in LinearOperators (X,Y) )
assume A2: v in LinearOperators (X,Y) ; :: thesis: c * v in LinearOperators (X,Y)
c * v is LinearOperator of X,Y
proof
reconsider f = c * v as Function of X,Y by FUNCT_2:66;
A3: f is homogeneous
proof
reconsider v9 = v as Element of Funcs ( the carrier of X, the carrier of Y) ;
let x be VECTOR of X; :: according to CLOPBAN1:def 3 :: thesis: for r being Complex holds f . (r * x) = r * (f . x)
let s be Complex; :: thesis: f . (s * x) = s * (f . x)
A4: v9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
A5: f = (FuncExtMult ( the carrier of X,Y)) . [c,v9] by CLVECT_1:def 1;
hence f . (s * x) = c * (v9 . (s * x)) by Th2
.= c * (s * (v9 . x)) by
.= (c * s) * (v9 . x) by CLVECT_1:def 4
.= s * (c * (v9 . x)) by CLVECT_1:def 4
.= s * (f . x) by ;
:: thesis: verum
end;
proof
reconsider v9 = v as Element of Funcs ( the carrier of X, the carrier of Y) ;
let x, y be VECTOR of X; :: according to VECTSP_1:def 19 :: thesis: f . (x + y) = (f . x) + (f . y)
A6: v9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
A7: f = (FuncExtMult ( the carrier of X,Y)) . [c,v9] by CLVECT_1:def 1;
hence f . (x + y) = c * (v9 . (x + y)) by Th2
.= c * ((v9 . x) + (v9 . y)) by
.= (c * (v9 . x)) + (c * (v9 . y)) by CLVECT_1:def 2
.= (f . x) + (c * (v9 . y)) by
.= (f . x) + (f . y) by ;
:: thesis: verum
end;
hence c * v is LinearOperator of X,Y by A3; :: thesis: verum
end;
hence c * v in LinearOperators (X,Y) by Def4; :: thesis: verum
end;
for v, u being VECTOR of (ComplexVectSpace ( the carrier of X,Y)) st v in LinearOperators (X,Y) & u in LinearOperators (X,Y) holds
v + u in LinearOperators (X,Y)
proof
let v, u be VECTOR of (ComplexVectSpace ( the carrier of X,Y)); :: thesis: ( v in LinearOperators (X,Y) & u in LinearOperators (X,Y) implies v + u in LinearOperators (X,Y) )
assume that
A8: v in LinearOperators (X,Y) and
A9: u in LinearOperators (X,Y) ; :: thesis: v + u in LinearOperators (X,Y)
v + u is LinearOperator of X,Y
proof
reconsider f = v + u as Function of X,Y by FUNCT_2:66;
A10: f is homogeneous
proof
reconsider v9 = v, u9 = u as Element of Funcs ( the carrier of X, the carrier of Y) ;
let x be VECTOR of X; :: according to CLOPBAN1:def 3 :: thesis: for r being Complex holds f . (r * x) = r * (f . x)
let s be Complex; :: thesis: f . (s * x) = s * (f . x)
A11: u9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
A12: v9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
thus f . (s * x) = (u9 . (s * x)) + (v9 . (s * x)) by LOPBAN_1:1
.= (s * (u9 . x)) + (v9 . (s * x)) by
.= (s * (u9 . x)) + (s * (v9 . x)) by
.= s * ((u9 . x) + (v9 . x)) by CLVECT_1:def 2
.= s * (f . x) by LOPBAN_1:1 ; :: thesis: verum
end;
proof
reconsider v9 = v, u9 = u as Element of Funcs ( the carrier of X, the carrier of Y) ;
let x, y be VECTOR of X; :: according to VECTSP_1:def 19 :: thesis: f . (x + y) = (f . x) + (f . y)
A13: u9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
A14: v9 is LinearOperator of X,Y by ;
thus f . (x + y) = (u9 . (x + y)) + (v9 . (x + y)) by LOPBAN_1:1
.= ((u9 . x) + (u9 . y)) + (v9 . (x + y)) by
.= ((u9 . x) + (u9 . y)) + ((v9 . x) + (v9 . y)) by
.= (((u9 . x) + (u9 . y)) + (v9 . x)) + (v9 . y) by RLVECT_1:def 3
.= (((u9 . x) + (v9 . x)) + (u9 . y)) + (v9 . y) by RLVECT_1:def 3
.= ((f . x) + (u9 . y)) + (v9 . y) by LOPBAN_1:1
.= (f . x) + ((u9 . y) + (v9 . y)) by RLVECT_1:def 3
.= (f . x) + (f . y) by LOPBAN_1:1 ; :: thesis: verum
end;
hence v + u is LinearOperator of X,Y by A10; :: thesis: verum
end;
hence v + u in LinearOperators (X,Y) by Def4; :: thesis: verum
end;
hence LinearOperators (X,Y) is linearly-closed by ; :: thesis: verum