:: The Definition of Topological Manifolds
:: by Marco Riccardi
::
:: Received August 17, 2010
:: Copyright (c) 2010-2016 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies NUMBERS, SUBSET_1, XREAL_0, ORDINAL1, PRE_TOPC, EUCLID, ARYTM_1,
ARYTM_3, SUPINF_2, XBOOLE_0, FUNCOP_1, ORDINAL2, TOPS_1, RCOMP_1,
XXREAL_0, METRIC_1, TARSKI, STRUCT_0, REAL_1, COMPLEX1, SETFAM_1,
PCOMPS_1, TOPS_2, T_0TOPSP, CONNSP_2, FUNCT_1, RELAT_1, CARD_1, SQUARE_1,
TOPMETR, MEMBERED, XXREAL_1, XXREAL_2, WAYBEL23, COMPTS_1, RLVECT_3,
NATTRA_1, ZFMISC_1, FRECHET, CARD_3, MFOLD_0, MFOLD_1, FUNCT_2, NAT_1,
XCMPLX_0, BROUWER;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, SETFAM_1, FUNCT_1, TOPS_2, RELAT_1,
RELSET_1, FUNCT_2, ORDINAL1, NUMBERS, XCMPLX_0, XREAL_0, XXREAL_0,
COMPLEX1, STRUCT_0, PRE_TOPC, METRIC_1, TOPREAL9, TOPS_1, RLVECT_1,
BORSUK_3, CONNSP_2, TSEP_1, METRIZTS, PCOMPS_1, COMPTS_1, EUCLID,
SQUARE_1, TOPMETR, TMAP_1, XXREAL_1, MEMBERED, XXREAL_2, WAYBEL23,
CANTOR_1, CARD_1, TDLAT_3, ZFMISC_1, CARD_3, YELLOW_8, FRECHET, BROUWER,
MFOLD_0;
constructors TOPREAL9, TOPREALB, SQUARE_1, FUNCSDOM, TOPS_1, BORSUK_3,
METRIZTS, COMPLEX1, BINOP_2, TMAP_1, WAYBEL23, CANTOR_1, TDLAT_3,
YELLOW_8, FRECHET, SEQ_4, NUMBERS, BROUWER, MFOLD_0;
registrations XBOOLE_0, XXREAL_0, XREAL_0, XCMPLX_0, NAT_1, MEMBERED,
STRUCT_0, EUCLID, VALUED_0, FINSEQ_1, FUNCT_1, RELAT_1, PRE_TOPC, TOPS_1,
CARD_1, TSEP_1, TOPREAL9, COMPLEX1, TMAP_1, COMPTS_1, TOPMETR, XXREAL_2,
METRIZTS, TOPREAL1, YELLOW13, KURATO_2, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, FUNCT_2,
SQUARE_1, BROUWER, MFOLD_0;
requirements NUMERALS, BOOLE, SUBSET, ARITHM, REAL;
begin :: Preliminaries
registration
let x, y be set;
cluster {[x,y]} -> one-to-one;
end;
reserve n for Nat;
::$CT
theorem :: MFOLD_1:2
for X being non empty SubSpace of TOP-REAL n, f being Function of X,R^1
st f is continuous
ex g being Function of X,TOP-REAL n st
(for a being Point of X, b being Point of TOP-REAL n, r being Real
st a = b & f.a = r holds g.b = r*b) & g is continuous;
definition
let n;
let S be Subset of TOP-REAL n;
attr S is ball means
:: MFOLD_1:def 1
ex p being Point of TOP-REAL n, r being Real st S = Ball(p,r);
end;
registration
let n;
cluster ball for Subset of TOP-REAL n;
cluster ball -> open for Subset of TOP-REAL n;
end;
registration
let n;
cluster non empty ball for Subset of TOP-REAL n;
end;
reserve p for Point of TOP-REAL n, r for Real;
theorem :: MFOLD_1:3
for S being open Subset of TOP-REAL n st p in S holds
ex B being ball Subset of TOP-REAL n st B c= S & p in B;
definition
::$CD
end;
definition
let n;
func Tunit_ball(n) -> SubSpace of TOP-REAL n equals
:: MFOLD_1:def 3
Tball(0.(TOP-REAL n),1);
end;
registration
let n;
cluster Tunit_ball(n) -> non empty;
end;
::$CT
theorem :: MFOLD_1:5
n <> 0 & p is Point of Tunit_ball(n) implies |. p .| < 1;
theorem :: MFOLD_1:6
for f being Function of Tunit_ball n, TOP-REAL n st n <> 0 &
for a being Point of Tunit_ball n, b being Point of TOP-REAL n
st a = b holds f.a = 1/(1-|.b.|*|.b.|)*b
holds f is being_homeomorphism;
:: like TOPREALB:19
theorem :: MFOLD_1:7
for r being positive Real,
f being Function of Tunit_ball(n), Tball(p,r) st n <> 0
& for a being Point of Tunit_ball(n), b being Point of TOP-REAL n
st a = b holds f.a = r*b+p
holds f is being_homeomorphism;
theorem :: MFOLD_1:8
Tunit_ball n, TOP-REAL n are_homeomorphic;
reserve q for Point of TOP-REAL n;
::$CT
theorem :: MFOLD_1:10
for B being non empty ball Subset of TOP-REAL n
holds B, [#]TOP-REAL n are_homeomorphic;
theorem :: MFOLD_1:11
for M, N being non empty TopSpace
for p being Point of M, U being a_neighborhood of p, B being open Subset of N
st U,B are_homeomorphic
ex V being open Subset of M, S being open Subset of N
st V c= U & p in V & V,S are_homeomorphic;
begin :: Manifold
reserve M for non empty TopSpace;
theorem :: MFOLD_1:12
M is n-locally_euclidean without_boundary iff
for p being Point of M holds
ex U being a_neighborhood of p, S being open Subset of TOP-REAL n
st U,S are_homeomorphic;
registration
let n;
cluster TOP-REAL n -> without_boundary n-locally_euclidean;
end;
:: Lemma 2.13a
theorem :: MFOLD_1:13
M is without_boundary n-locally_euclidean iff
for p being Point of M holds
ex U being a_neighborhood of p, B being ball Subset of TOP-REAL n
st U,B are_homeomorphic;
:: Lemma 2.13b
theorem :: MFOLD_1:14
M is without_boundary n-locally_euclidean iff
for p being Point of M holds
ex U being a_neighborhood of p st U,[#]TOP-REAL n are_homeomorphic;
registration
cluster without_boundary locally_euclidean ->
first-countable for non empty TopSpace;
end;
registration
cluster 0-locally_euclidean -> discrete for non empty TopSpace;
cluster discrete -> 0-locally_euclidean for non empty TopSpace;
end;
definition
let n, M;
attr M is n-manifold means
:: MFOLD_1:def 4
M is second-countable Hausdorff n-locally_euclidean;
end;
registration
let n;
cluster without_boundary n-manifold for non empty TopSpace;
end;
registration
cluster second-countable discrete ->
0-locally_euclidean second-countable Hausdorff
for non empty TopSpace;
end;
registration
let n;
cluster n-manifold ->
second-countable Hausdorff n-locally_euclidean for
non empty TopSpace;
cluster second-countable Hausdorff n-locally_euclidean ->
n-manifold for non empty TopSpace;
end;
:: Lemma 2.16
registration
let n;
let M be without_boundary n-manifold non empty TopSpace;
cluster open -> without_boundary n-manifold for non empty SubSpace of M;
end;